The Sunnah Of Zhuhr Salaah


The Sunnah Of Zhuhr Salaah

[Extracted From Riyaadh Us-Saliheen]

{{Anything between these double-curved brackets are my words…}}

Chapter 195
The Excellence of Optional Prayers (Sunnah Mu’akkadah) along with the Obligatory Prayers

1097. Umm Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) the Mother of the Believers reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying, “A house will be built in Jannah for every Muslim who offers twelve Rak`ah of optional Salat other than the obligatory Salat in a day and a night (to seek the Pleasure of Allah).
[Muslim]

Commentary: Tatawwu` means to offer more Nawafil (optional prayers) on one’s own after performing the Faraid (obligatory prayers). Thus, this Hadith tells us the merits of optional prayers and holds promise of (Jannah) for those who make it a practice.

1098. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: “I performed along with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) two Rak`ah of optional prayers before Zuhr and two after the Zuhr (noon prayer), and two after the Friday prayer, and two after the Maghrib (evening) prayer, and two after the `Isha’ (night) prayer.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary: There are two kinds of Nawafil which are performed before or after the obligatory prayer. Firstly, the one which were performed by the Prophet (PBUH) more frequently. According to the present Hadith, their total comes to ten Rak`ah while in other Ahadith (1097) their total is twelve or fourteen Rak`ah. They are called Sunnah Mu’akkadah or As-Sunnan Ar-Rawatib That is, the Rak`ah which are proved from the saying and practice of the Prophet (PBUH) and which were performed by him usually. These are said to be Compulsory prayers.

Secondly, such Nawafil which were not performed by the Prophet (PBUH) regularly. These are called Sunnah Ghair Mu’akkadah and are said to be Optional prayers. In any case, Nawafil have great importance in creating a special link between the worshipper and Allah, and for this reason the believers do not neglect them. But their status in Shari`ah is of Nawafil the performing of which is rewarding and omission of which is not sinful. One thing that should be borne in mind in respect of As-Sunnan Ar-Rawatib or Mu’akkadah is that it is better to perform them at home. This was the usual practice of the Prophet (PBUH), and this is what he ordained the Muslims.

1099.`Abdullah bin Mughaffal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “There is a Salat (prayer) between every Adhan and Iqamah; there is a Salat between every Adhan and Iqamah.” (While saying the same for the) third time (he (PBUH) added), “It is for him who desires (to perform it).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary: The two Adhan here means Adhan and Iqamah, as has been elucidated by Imam An-Nawawi. That is, offering of two Rak`ah between Adhan and Iqamah is Mustahabb (desirable). It comes in the category of Ghair Ratiba or Ghair Mu’akkadah Nawafil. These Nawafil can be performed after the Adhan of every Salat before the congregation stands for the obligatory Salat.

{{And this is why you will see the people of the sunnah performing 2 raka’ahs before the 3 fard of maghrib (just after the adhaan and before the iqaama). If you’re in a masjid that does this, then glad tidings, for you have found the masjid that follows the sunnah!}}

Chapter 199
Sunnah of Zuhr Prayer

1113. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I performed with the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) two Rak`ah before and two after Zuhr prayers.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary: This Hadith has already been mentioned. See Commentary on Hadith No. 1098 (above).

1114. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) never omitted four Rak`ah supererogatory prayer before Zuhr prayers.
[Al-Bukhari]

Commentary: Some Ahadith state that he (PBUH) used to perform two Rak`ah before and two after Zuhr prayer. The present Hadith says that he used to perform four Rak`ah before Zuhr prayer. Both narrations are correct and can be followed according to conditions and circumstances.

{{This is what ‘Aa’ishah saw of him, some companions saw things which other companions didn’t (which also means; some companions didn’t see him do thing which others saw him do), hence the reason why the companions may have given different answers to questions when asked if the prophet used to do such-and-such. A nice example is when someone asked Ibn ‘Umar if the prophet (saw) used to lay down on his right side after the 2 sunnah of fajr, he said no, yet ‘Aa’ishah said he DID, it is reconciled because he (saw) used to lay down on his right hand side while he was still in his house (not outside in the masjid), so only his wifes (and who-so-ever else saw him in his house do this) narrated that he done it,while other companions (like Ibn ‘Umar here) said he (saw) did’nt use to do this…}}

1115. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) stayed in my house, he would perform four Rak`ah (supererogatory prayer) before Zuhr prayer. Then he would go out and lead Salat. He (PBUH) would then come back and perform two Rak`ah (supererogatory prayer). He would lead the Maghrib prayer and come back and perform two Rak`ah (supererogatory prayer). When he (PBUH) had led the `Isha’ prayer, he would enter the house and perform two Rak`ah (supererogatory prayer).
[Muslim]

{{There is also another hadith, I think by ‘Aaishah, where she says that if he (saw) missed the four sunnahs (before zhuhr) he would pray them later on…}}

1116. Umm Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Whoever observes the practice of performing four Rak`ah before Zuhr prayer and four after the Zuhr prayer, Allah will shield him against the Fire (of Hell).”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]

Commentary: This Ahadith mean that a person who follows this course of practice, will die as a Muslim and will not remain in Hell for ever like the Kuffar (infidels) unless Allah has forgiven all his sins for him and would, as a result, save him from Fire altogether. That is, Almighty Allah will not let him live in Hell for ever. According to some Ahadith, the fire of Hell will not touch him, which also amounts to saying that he will not be kept in Hell for all eternity. If a Muslim is liable to punishment, his stay in Hell – for a few days or weeks or months depending on the nature of his sins – is not a contravention of such Ahadith because he will ultimately be released from Hell and brought to Jannah. “Allah will shield him against the Fire” should not be taken to mean that a Muslim will not be sent to Hell no matter what he does. If Almighty Allah does not forgive him in the very first instance, he will have to suffer the torment of Hell as long as He would like and then he will be sent to Jannah.

1117. `Abdullah bin As-Sa’ib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to perform four Rak`ah prayer after the declining of the sun before Zuhr prayer and would say, “This is an hour at which the gates of heaven are opened, and I like that my good deeds should rise to heaven at that time.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: The Prophet (PBUH) used to perform the four Rak`ah Sunnah of Zuhr prayer when the sun started declining. In fact, except for `Isha’ prayer, he would perform every Salat at its early hours.

{{With regards to the isha salaah, he used to wait in the masjid and he (saw) didn’t really have a specific time for which he used to pray it, along with the companions, he (saw) used to wait untill many people had come in the majsid and then he used to lead them in salaah. Once he kept on waiting untill almost midnight, some had then just prayed and left, then after he (saw) had lead them in salaah, he turned around and said “Those who had waited and prayed with me, it was as if they were in salaah (during their waiting period)” or words to that effect.}}

The phrase “the gates of heaven are opened” to means that the good deeds that people do are lifted to heavens at that time.

1118. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: “If the Prophet (PBUH) could not perform four Rak`ah before Zuhr prayer, he would perform them after it (i.e., after the obligatory prayer).”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: This Hadith tells us about the preparation which the Prophet (PBUH) used to make for performing the Sunnah. Every Muslim should, therefore, make full preparation for performing Sunnah. If one is unable to perform it before the Fard prayer, then one must do it afterwards.

{{So basically, a person can pray:

-Four before (the four fard) and two after it

-Four before (the four fard) and four after it

-Two before (the four fard) and two after it}}

Advertisements

3 Responses to “The Sunnah Of Zhuhr Salaah”

  1. gana abba Says:

    jazakumullahu khairan.

  2. Do you have any info on exactly how the 4 before dhuhr should be prayed? Should they be in sets of two or should the 4 be together but with one tashaahud? Any authentic info. on this?

  3. Assalamualaykum. Many perform 4 rakats in one go. But i have heard that 2 by 2 is also permissible. Both i think are acceptable

Leave a reply:

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: