Archive for August, 2010

O Qaari! Listen To The Words Of Ibn Mas’ood!

Posted in Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous, Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Mas’ood (RA) said, “It is a must for the recitor of the Qur’an to recite at night when the people are sleeping, and during the day when they are eating, and with weeping when the people are laughing, with piety when they are heedless, and with sadness when the people are happy.

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A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 26th Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Ramadhaan with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

26th of Ramadhaan (Juzz 26)

To be recited Saturday Night (Sep 04)

Chapter 46 – al-Ahqaf – “The Sand Dunes”

Summary: A Meccan surah taking its name after verse 21 which mentions the sand dunes where the people of Ad used to live, and where they were destroyed because of their rejection. The major theme of the chapter is the inescapable punishment awaiting those who deny the truth and Resurrection, when truth is challenged, the response is inevitable. Emphasis is placed on the misplaced stubbornness of the Meccans and the Prophet is encouraged to be patient and await Allah’s judgment.

Chapter 47 – Muhammad – “Muhammad”

Summary: A Medinan Surah dealing with the theme of war, the fate of the hypocrites, and the organisation of the Muslim community. Special attention is given to the iniquity of those who expelled the Prophet from Mecca, and the futility of opposing Allah and His Messenger is declared. Muslims are urged to obey Allah and the Prophet lest their deeds come to nothing. The first section of the chapter contrasts the believers with the disbelievers, the mid portion deals with backsliders and the faint hearted, and the chapter closes by urging faith and virtue.

Chapter 48 – al-Fath – “Victory”

Summary: A Medinan Surah taking its name from the first verse which references a dream of the Prophet in which he saw himself and his followers performing Hajj. The treaty of Hudaybiyyah is indirectly referenced and throughout the chapter the Prophet is assured that this treaty is a great breakthrough. The surah condemns the hypocrites of Madinah, the polytheists of Mecca, shows that victory comes from faith, patience and courage, and closes by praising the believers.

Chapter 49 – al-Hujurat – “The Private Rooms”

Summary: This Medinan Sura takes its title from the reference to the Prophets private rooms in verse 4. It deals with social aspects of the Muslim society and guides the believers how to deal with proper respect to their Prophet, and with mutual respect and trust to each other. The concluding passages point out the differences between true faith and a mere outward observance of religious practice.

Chapter 50 – Qaf – “Qaf”

Summary: Taking its name from its opening verse, this Meccan Surah deals mainly with Resurrection and the Day of Judgment. Previous generations of disbelievers are referred to in order to warn the Meccans and reassure the Prophet. Resurrection in nature is cited as evidence for the final resurrection and the weakness of man is highlighted. The chapter opens and closes by discussing the Qur’an.

Chapter 51 – adh-Dhariyat – “Scattering Winds”

Summary: A Meccan Surah highlighting the Signs in nature as proof of the Resurrection. The disbelievers are reminded of the fate that befell previous rebellious generations and the Prophet is urged to persist in his call.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah

A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 27th Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Ramadhaan with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

27th of Ramadhaan (Juzz 27)

To be recited Sunday Night (Sep 05)

Chapter 52 – at-Tur – “The Mountain”

Summary: A Meccan Surah addressing many of the arguments put to the Prophet by the disbelievers of Mecca. After a series of oaths, the Last Day is described and the bliss of Paradise is contrasted to the torment of Hell. The Prophet is urged to continue his call and to await Allah’s judgment. Allah swears by numerous objects of creation that the Last Day is inevitable, the first of which is the Mountain from which the chapter takes its name.

Chapter 53 – an-Najm – “The Star”

Summary: A Meccan Surah confirming the divine source of the Prophet’s message. Reference is made to the Nights Journey and Ascension, and the Prophets vision of Gabriel. Superstitious beliefs concerning Angels and goddesses is refuted, true belief is outlined, and the Surah closes by warning about the imminent Day of Judgment.

Chapter 54 – al-Qamar – “The Moon”

Summary: A Meccan Surah dealing with the punishment meted out to the earlier disbelieving nations. These are presented as warning to the Meccans and the refrain, “Will anyone take heed” runs through the chapter. The treatment of the believers in Paradise is contrasted to the punishment of the disbelievers in Hell.

Chapter 55 – ar-Rahman – “The All-Merciful”

Summary: A Medinan Surah highlighting Allah’s wonders in the world, describing the end of the world and painting a delightful picture of Paradise. The chapter is characterised by the refrain, “Which, then of your Lord’s blessings will you both deny?” which runs throughout its course. Man and Jinn are divided into three classes: the disbeliever, the best of the believers, and the ordinary believers.

Chapter 56 – al-Waqi`ah – “The Inevitable Occurrence”

Summary: A Meccan Surah whose central message is stated in its opening verses: the Day of Judgment is inevitable. As in the previous chapter, man is divided into three categories: the Forerunners, the Companions of the Right, and the Companions of the Left. Proof is given of Allah’s power and consequently His ability to bring about the Resurrection.

Chapter 57 – al-Hadid – “Iron”

Summary: A Medinan Surah that urges believers to spend in Allah’s Way and uphold justice. Allah’s power, knowledge and glory is affirmed to encourage the believers to right action, and the fate of the hypocrites is described. Reference is made to the Conquest of Mecca. The response to some Previous Prophets is mentioned and the chapter ends by referring to Allah’s grace.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah

A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 25th Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Miscellaneous on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

25th of Ramadhaan (Juzz 25)

To be recited Friday Night (Sep 03)

Chapter 41 – Fussilat – “Made Distinct”

Summary: The Meccan Surah continues the theme of the previous chapter and deals with the arrogance of the disbelievers, the truthfulness of the Qur’an, Tawhid and Resurrection. The title is used to describe the Qur’an in verses 3 and 44. Several references are made to the senses which the disbelievers shut off from perceiving the truth and which will then testify against their owners on the Last Day. The chapter commences by discussing revelation and its people, then the story of Ad and Thamud followed by a passage on Judgment, Paradise and Hell, a section on scripture and closes by encouraging the Prophet and the believers.

Chapter 42 – Shura – “Consultation”

Summary: A Meccan Surah that takes its name from verse 38 where the practice of consultation is listed as one characteristic of the Muslim community. The chapter discusses Allah’s power, wisdom and final decision, explaining that these form some of the fundaments of faith. The unity of religion is stressed and the nature of revelation, and truth and falsehood, is described at the close of the chapter. The fact that Allah does not resemble His creation is central to this chapter.

Chapter 43 – az-Zukhruf – “Ornaments of Gold”

Summary: This Meccan Surah deals with repudiating pagan beliefs concerning the Angels and affirming the power of Allah and His acts of creation. Taking its name after the mention of the word in verse 38, the chapter contrast the glory of truth with the glitter of falsehood, and highlights that to attribute divinity to any besides Allah is harmful and logically inadmissible. The chapter commences by discussing revelation and the obduracy of the disbelievers. It then moves to discuss the story of Abraham and how he exposed the falsehood of paganism, and shows that the adornments of this world will not last, illustrating this with the story of Pharaoh. The Surah closes by discussing Jesus, eschatology and repudiating the belief that Allah could have a son.

Chapter 44 – Dukhan – “Smoke”

Summary: A Meccan Surah taking its name from verse 40 which refers to the Last Day as being smoke filled, or, alternatively,  prophecy to a haze of dust which surrounded Mecca at the time of drought and famine which preceded the Conquest of Mecca. The chapter highlights the mercy that is the Qur’an, the arrogance of the powerful and wealthy, draws comparisons between the people of Pharaoh and Tubba and the Meccans. The chapter opens with a discussion on revelation, moves to discuss the Last Day, them a narrative of the punishment of Pharaoh’s people follows, the bliss of Paradise and Torment of Hell are described, and the chapter closes with an address to the Prophet, enjoining him to wait for Allah’s judgment.

Chapter 45 – Jathiya – “Kneeling”

Summary: A Meccan Surah, revealed immediately after the previous one, and taking its name from verse 45 where the kneeling posture of all communities on the Day of Judgment is described. The arguments against the Qur’an are addressed and emphasis is placed on the fate of the sceptics. References to Allah’s wisdom open and close the chapter.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah

A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 24th Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Ramadhaan with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

24th of Ramadhaan (Juzz 24)

To be recited Thursday Night (Sep 02)

Chapter 39 – az-Zumar – “The Groups”

Summary: This Meccan chapter deals almost exclusively with singling Allah out alone for worship. The command to worship Him alone is explicitly stated, shown in the example of the Prophet, and explained in parable form. Glad tidings are conveyed to the people of Tawhid and the greatness of the Book is highlighted coupled with a description of how the true believer receives it. Repeated throughout the chapter are illustrations and reminders about the life to come and Signs in Allah’s creation are described. The chapter closes with a verse depicting scene of devoted worship: the angels glorifying Allah, Judgment having been passed.

Chapter 40 – Ghafir – “The Forgiver”

Summary: A Meccan Surah opening with the statement that Allah is the Forgiver and Acceptor of Repentance and this is the theme of the whole chapter. The Surah is also called “The Believer” taken after vv. 28-45 which describe a believer, in the house of Pharaoh, to dissuade his people from opposing Moses. There are two more recurring themes: disputing Allah’s truth and calling on Him. The central portion of the Surah deals with the story of Pharaoh and Moses, and showing that false pride is trait in man making him think that the world revolves around him. The last part of the Surah deals with Signs in creation and Allah’s grace, a repudiation of polytheism and the destruction of previous nations.

Chapter 41 – Fussilat – “Made Distinct”

Summary: The Meccan Surah continues the theme of the previous chapter and deals with the arrogance of the disbelievers, the truthfulness of the Qur’an, Tawhid and Resurrection. The title is used to describe the Qur’an in verses 3 and 44. Several references are made to the senses which the disbelievers shut off from perceiving the truth and which will then testify against their owners on the Last Day.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah

A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 23rd Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Ramadhaan with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

23rd of Ramadhaan (Juzz 23)

To be recited Wednesday Night (Sep 01)

Surah 36 – Ya Sin – “Ya Sin”

Summary: A Meccan Surah taking its name from the first verse and highlights the divine source of the Qur’an, defending it against charges levelled. It warns of the fate of those who are stubborn and mock Allah’s Signs. The punishment of previous nations is recounted and arguments are provided for the reality of the Resurrection. Polytheism is condemned and particular emphasis is given to the topic of resurrection.

Surah 37 – as-Saffat – “Those in Ranks”

Summary: A Meccan Surah having short verses characterised by a fast beat. It deals with establishing the correct Islamic creed and purging it of all traces of paganism and idolatry. It launches an attack against superstition, draws a scene of the Day of Judgment and discusses resurrection, reckoning and reward. Reference is made to the question of revelation and the message and a series of Messengers is mentioned to portray the attitude of their opponents to them and Allah’s defence of His friends. The story of Abraham sacrificing his son is given special prominence as it exemplifies the pinnacle of submission attained through pure, unadulterated faith.

The chapter opens by describing the angels and discussing how the jinn try to eavesdrop on the heavenly assembly only to be chased away by piercing flames. Allah’s acts of creation are highlighted leading on to a refutation of those who deny the resurrection. The image of the resurrection is then drawn. The middle part of the chapter deals with the error of those who follow the unbelievers of old and accounts of some Messengers are narrated. The last part deals with superstitious beliefs concerning the Angels and jinn and promises victory to Allah’s Messengers. The chapter closes by declaring the limitless glory of Allah.

Chapter 38 – Sad – “Sad”

Summary: A Meccan Surah addressing three core issues: Tawhid, revelation and the reckoning. The first part relates the Meccan astonishment at the Prophet’s call, and that indeed a Messenger was sent to them at all. Their claims are rebutted, following which the story of David and Solomon is related to show that it is Allah who chooses where He places His grace and to whom He confers prophethood. The Prophet is counselled to take note of these Prophets and to be patient. A brief account of Job is then given to show how Allah tests His true servants with hardship and the exemplary patience shown by this Prophet. The grace of Allah on whoever He chooses is contrasted with those He has punished.

These stories form the second part of the chapter, the third part paints a scene of the Hereafter showing the end of the believers and the disbelievers who will argue with each other and curse each other in Hell, they will remember how they used to ridicule the believers and look for them, unable to find them. The last part of the Surah relates the story of Adam and Satan, highlighting that the attitudes and reactions of the Meccans were similar to that of the Accursed. The chapter closes with a statement from the Prophet that he wishes no wage or reward from his people, his duty is only to convey the message.

Chapter 39 – az-Zumar – “The Groups”

Summary: This Meccan chapter deals almost exclusively with singling Allah out alone for worship. The command to worship Him alone is explicitly stated, shown in the example of the Prophet, and explained in parable form. Glad tidings are conveyed to the people of Tawhid and the greatness of the Book is highlighted coupled with a description of how the true believer receives it. Repeated throughout the chapter are illustrations and reminders about the life to come and Signs in Allah’s creation are described. The chapter closes with a verse depicting scene of devoted worship: the angels glorifying Allah, Judgment having been passed.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah

A Summary of The Verses Being Recited On The 22nd Night Of Taraawee

Posted in Ramadhaan with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 31, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A summary of the verses being recited.

22nd of Ramadhaan (Juzz 22)

To be recited Tuesday Night (Aug 31)

Surah 33 – al-Ahzab – “The Confederates”

Summary: A Madinan Surah taking its name after the Battle of the Trench (5 AH) mentioned in verses 9 onwards when the joint forces of various tribes of the disbelievers besieged Madinah. The period of revelation falls in a time when the new Muslim community had started taking shape and was developing, and the chapter as a whole deals with aspects of the social reorganisation that was happening in Madinah in terms of family and communal life. It is in this context that the plots and plans of the disbelievers and hypocrites are discussed. The chapter commences by counselling the Prophet to obey and trust in Allah alone, it then moves on to enjoin the abandonment of pagan custom and the building up of strong relationships. It moves on to discuss lessons learned from the Battle of the Trench and then conduct towards the Prophet’s wives is highlighted as is the respect due to the Prophet and his family. The Surah concludes by discussing propriety on the part of women, spelling out an image of the Last Day, mentioning the trust that man has undertaken and warning the hypocrites.

Surah 34 – Saba’ – “Sheba”

Summary: A Meccan Surah taking its name after the people of Sheba mentioned in verses 15 onwards, and tackling the topics of Tawhid, revelation and Resurrection, as do all Meccan chapters, with a particular emphasis on Allah’s knowledge and reward. Various scenes of the Hereafter are portrayed showing the disbeliever’s arguments with those they followed in this life and their futile attempts at faith when it is too late. Reference is made to Allah’s favour to David and Solomon in order to encourage the Prophet; charges against him are thoroughly refuted and the disbelievers are warned of the punishment that lies in store for them. The futility of polytheism is emphasised, we are told that falsehood will not prevail and the ill effects of opulence and greed are highlighted, stressing the fact that human power is but fleeting whereas Allah’s power, justice and mercy are eternal.

Surah 35 – al-Fatir – “The Creator”

Summary: A Meccan Surah affirming Allah’s power and acts of creation and contrasted with the impotency of false gods. The intricacies of Allah’s work in creation are the unifying thread of discussion through this chapter. The Surah commences by mentioning the great objects of creation that Allah has worked: the universe and the angels, moving on to discuss His providential grace and Signs. Idolaters are warned of their punishment, and previous Messengers who were rejected as liars are mentioned to comfort the Prophet. The great reward awaiting the believers is described. The Surah, in its course, details many of Allah’s Names and Attributes such as His being omnipotent, Almighty, All-Wise, who knows all, who is aware of all, who sees all and who is free from all want.

Surah 36 – Ya Sin – “Ya Sin”

Summary: A Meccan Surah taking its name from the first verse and highlights the divine source of the Qur’an, defending it against charges levelled. It warns of the fate of those who are stubborn and mock Allah’s Signs. The punishment of previous nations is recounted and arguments are provided for the reality of the Resurrection. Polytheism is condemned and particular emphasis is given to the topic of resurrection.

Compiled by Abu Rumaysah