The beliefs of the majority of the sects who ascribe to Aboo Haneefah have deviated awayfrom the madhab of this great Imaam, Nu’maan Ibn Thaabit, Aboo Haneefah (ra).
This deviation is one of ‘aqeedah and fiqh. However I will only discuss the ‘aqeedah issues here in this post.
The Hanafees of today are mainly found to be amongst the Brelwees and the Deobandees (as well as other minor sects). Both of these two sects have clearly deviated themselves away from ‘aqeedah positions held by Imaam Aboo Haneefah and have chosen the ‘madhab’ of the Ash’arees (the founder of which was Abul Hasan Al-Ash’aree).
Below are two of the views held by this great Imaam (Aboo Haneefah) which contradict the way of the Ash’arees (whose ideas and beliefs are found in the Deobandees and Brelwees, amongsts other sects) and two views which contradict the Brelwees only (excluding the Deobandees):
1) Allaah Is Above The Throne:
Imaam Aboo Haneefah openly declared the ascension of Allaah above His Throne, and His ‘uluww and fawqiyyah (being high above) over his servants, and openly declared taker upon whoever doubts in that. (1)
Also Imaam At-Talamankee (d. 429) said:
“There is ijmaa’ (consensus) from Ahlu Sunnah that Allaah ascended over His Throne bi-Thaatihi (by His Self)… There is ijmaa’ (consensus) from Ahlu Sunnah that Allaah ascended over His Throne ‘alaa haqeeqah (in a real sense), not ‘all majaaz (metaphorically).” (2)
The Deobandees and Brelwees have both clearly deviated themselves away from this position and have adopted the ‘aqeedah of the Ash’arees (which is contradictory to this above belief held by Ahlu Sunnah).
2) Aboo Haneefah Never Performed Ta’weel:
Imaam Aboo Haneefah and his companions were not known to perform ta’weel (3) of the Attributes.
Rather Imaam Aboo Haneefah declared that ta’weel of the Attributes was a nullification of them, and it was the way of the Mu’tazilah.
Imaam Aboo Haneefah said:
“It is not to be said that His Hand is His Power, nor His Bounty; because that is a nullification of the Attribute, and it is the statement of the people of qadar and I’tizaal.” (4)