Does Tashbeeh Lead One To Become A Mushabbihah And A Mujassimah (Anthropomorphist)


As has been explained in the previous post, the way of the Salaf was to accept the narrations pertaining to the Sifaat (Attributes of Allaah) as they are, upon their literal meaning.

Due to this, the Jahmiyyah, Ash’ariyyah, Mu’tazilah, the Maatooreediyyah and others like them from among the ahlul kalaam accuse Ahlu Sunnah (those upon the ‘Aqeedah of the salaf), that they are Mushabbihah and Mujassimah (Anthropomorphists).

Rather it is they who are the Mushabbihah and Mujassimah (Anthropomorphists) due to the desease in their hearts. It is not possible for them to affirm the Attributes of Allaah without their hearts resembling them to the creation and this is why ta’weel (misinterpretation) is one of their hallmarks, their claim being, ‘We are declaring Allaah free from defects’, but in fact they are stripping Allaah of his Attributes, until Allaah is but nothingness!

As Muhammad Ibn al-hasan Ash-Shaybaanee (d. 189), the student of Imaam Aboo Haneefah said:

All the fuqahaa, from the east to the west, are agreed upon (the obligation of) having faith in the Qur’aan and the ahaadeeth which the reliable and trustworthy narrators have come with from the Messenger of Allaah (saw) in describing the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, without explaining them (tafseer) or likening them to the creation (tashbeeh).

So whoever explains anything from them today, then he has departed from tat which the Prophet (saw) and his companions were upon. For verily, they did not explain them, but they gave verdicts with whatever is in the book and the sunnah and then they remained quite.

So whoever speaks with the saying of Jahm (ibn Safwaan) then he has seperated from the Jamaa’ah since he (Jahm) describes Him (Allaah) with nothingness!

[Sharh Usoolul I’tiqaad, of al-Laalikaa’ee, 3/432]

And this is also the basis for their accusation against Ahlu Sunnah, that they are Dhaahiriyyah (1) (Literalists) since they, due to the aforementioned sickness in their hearts, resort to ta’weel (misinterpretation, away from the literal meaning) with respect to the Attributes of Allaah and explain them in a way unknown to the Messenger (saw) and his companions (ra).

[Taken from “Foundations Of The Sunnah” p. 115]

(1) A study of the actuality of Ahlu Sunnah being Dhaahiriyyah, and how true this is, will be done in the near future in shaa Allaah.

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