From The Dangers Of Ta’weel (Twisting The Meanings Of The Attributes Of Allaah)


Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-‘Aleem Abdul-Hammaam said, after addressing the issue of interpolating istiwaa (He ascended) to mean istawlaa (He conquered):

“…And from this is the danger of ta’weel (i.e, that it necessitates the consideration of Allaah and His Messenger (saw) to have lied) and Ibn al-Qayyim explains that it (ta’weel) is more evil than ta’teel (denial), which is merely, ‘denying the Divine Attributes and rejecting their being established with the Self of Allaah (Dhaat), the Most Perfect‘, because it (ta’weel) contains both tashbeeh (resemblance), and ta’teel (denial) (1) and also playing and fooling with the texts as well as having a bad opinion of them.

The Mu’attil (deniar of the Atributes) and the Mu’awwil (one who interpolates them (i.e. does ta’weel)) have shared (with each other) in the denial of the realities of the Names and Attributes, but the Mu’awwil (one who interpolates them (i.e. does ta’weel)) has exceeded in his playing and fooling with the texts and having a bad opinion of them and also ascribing to the one who speaks with them – that he speaks with their apparent (meanings), that he is astray and leads others astray.”

Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-‘Aleem Abdul-Hammaam then goes on to mention some more dangers of ta’weel. In short  a person who does ta’weel is indirectly saying:

(a) The apparent meaning of what Allaah and His Messenger has said is false, kufr and impossible.

(b) Believing in the apparent meaning of what Allaah and His Messenger has said makes you resemble Allaah to the creation.

(c) Allaah and His Messenger should have been more clearer in speach!

(d) Those who perform ta’weel are more clearer and eloquent in describing Allaah.

(e) It (i.e. doing ta’weel) is being a form of correcting and rectifying Allaah and His Messenger.

Footnotes:

(1) Because one sees in his mind some sort of resemblance (tashbeeh) so then he resorts to changing their meanings (ta’weel) which is an indirect ta’teel (denial) of that Attribute.

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4 Responses to “From The Dangers Of Ta’weel (Twisting The Meanings Of The Attributes Of Allaah)”

  1. Jazaakallah khair for this ‘ilm. Indeed a grave danger to one’s ‘aqeedah and to be avoided at all costs. I feel one has to first open his mind in learning and understanding correctly matters of deen, e.g. Allah swt’s attributes and then, only then, assimilate those into his belief and understanding. It can’t possibly be the other way around in matters of religion.

  2. u said that 1 of the dangers of ta’weel is

    “(a) The apparent meaning of what Allaah and His Messenger has said is false, kufr and impossible.”

    But isnt it true that Allaah says in the quran that he is everywhere. and then ibn abbaas gave his tafseer to say everywhere BY HIS KNOWLEDGE. So isnt this point also a point that they can nulify by saying this ayah i quoted, as the aparent meaning of the ayah (allaah is everywhere) is also kufr???

    plz explain. jazaak-Allaah

  3. @ Munir.

    Assalaamu ‘alaykum,

    No the apparent meaning of that verse (Allaah is with u whever u r) is not kufr, bcz the apparant meaning of a verse is dependant on its context.

    The verse starts off by speaking about knowledge, and also ends by speaking about knowledge. so by being ‘sandwiched’ by a statement b4 and a statement after it (that say Allaah ‘knows’ such and such) the apparent meaning of the verse is known to be talking about ‘knowledge’.

    This concept of the apparent meaning having different meanings (depending on its context), is clearly stated by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen in his fabulous book “Alqawaa’idul Muthlaa Fee Sifaat Illaahi Wa Asmaa’ihil Husnaa” [Exemplary Fundamentals In The Beautiful Names And Attributes Of Allaah]…

    So the aparent meaning of the verse is not kufr, as it starts and ends by talking about knowledge, so Allaah is with you by His knowledge.

    And we, Ahlu Sunnah Wal Jamaa’ah stress again that ta’weel produces certain conclusions, one of which is:

    “The apparent meaning of what Allaah and His Messenger has said is false, kufr and impossible!”

    I hope this has answered ur qstn…

    Wassalaamu ‘alaykum.

  4. Yeah, jazaakAllaah for that… That was confusing me quite some bit….

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