From The Evil Consequences Of Ta’weel


Before we list some of the evil consequences of ta’weel, it must be noted that there is absolutely no proof from the Quraan, Sunnah or the understanding of the Salaf, to resort to ta’weel. Nor is there any proof whatsoever for these explanations they give. For example there is no proof to say ‘Allaah’s Hand’ means ‘His Power;, or that ‘His Descending to the lowest Heaven’ means, ‘His Mercy coming down’ etc.

Besides these false interpretations (ta’weel) of the Attributes having no proof, they can also be refuted by logical reasoning as well (which may be discussed later on in shaa Allaah).

And now we proceed with a list of some of the evil consequences of performing ta’weel:

This (resorting to ta’weel)  necessitates  that they are more eloquent and clear (in speech) than Him and greater in giving advice to mankind.

Playing with the texts of the Book and the Sunnah, and thus putting an end to their sanctity and sacredness

That the person of ta’weel is not pleased with what he (saw) was pleased with (as he (saw) never explained them in a way these people do).

That this ta’weel, had Allaah desired it for Himself, then He would have ordered it in His Book or upon the tingue of His Messenger (saw) and then ta’weel (of the Attributes of Allaah) would have been obligatory.

It is a form of correcting and rectifying Allaah and His Messenger (saw).

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8 Responses to “From The Evil Consequences Of Ta’weel”

  1. saeed ibn muhammad Says:

    bismillahirahmaniraheem

    asalamualaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

    brother i have heard the arguements of some asharis. could you clarify the issue.

    two issues in particular, the first is this reference to a hadith of one of the major companions that the shin of Allah tala does not mean shin.

    secondly they use as evidence the hadith of the jamaa. something like Allah tala never lets the Jamaa go astray.

    • Assalaamu ‘alaykum,

      As for your firtstly query, the verse u r refering to is:

      (Remember) the Day when the shin shall be laid bare (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) and they shall be called to prostrate (to Allah), but they (hypocrites) shall not be able to do so.” [68:42]

      And the Companion, by the name of Ibn ‘Abbaas (ra) is reported to have said that shin means fear/hardships/trouble/difficulty.

      However to say that Allaah does not have a Shin because of this interpretation is false due to a number of reasons.

      FIRSTLY; the authenticity of this hadeeth is in question. Shaykh Al-Albaanee didn’t give a verdict upon this hadeeth but his student (shaykh Saleem Al-Hilaalee) declared it to be weak.

      SECONDLY; Arguments sake, lets say it were authentic, then even so, the verse is not referring to the Shin of Allaah! It just says, ‘when the shin shall be laid bare‘, it does NOT say ‘When Allaah’s Shin shall be laid bare‘…

      So the narration of Ibn ‘Abbaas, were it authentic, does not nullify Allaah having a Shin, as this verse is not referring to Allaah’s Shin.

      Question: So what does the word ‘shin’ here refer to?

      Answer: During the pagan times just before Prophethood, the Arabs, whenever they were in times of difficulty, used to unveil their shin as a sign of hardship or showing that they are experiencing trouble. A bit like how we, in our times would write ‘SOS’ (save our souls) on the floor so a helicopter can see it form above, but they (the pagan arabs) would literally uncover their shin, as a sign of showing the hardships they are facing (i.e, as a way of saying ‘im in trouble’).

      So the meaning of the verse, along with the commentary of Ibn ‘Abbaas, means that on the day of judgement, the troubles and hardships will be uncovered, and we, ahlu sunnah have no problem with this interpretation.

    • THIRDLY; Allaah having a Shin is attested to in an authentic hadeeth, which says that on the day of judgement, after all the kuffaar will follow their idols (objects of worship) to hell, the Muslims will remain and Allaah will come to them and uncover His (Perfect, Excellent, Magnificient) Shin, at which the believers will prostrate, and the hypocrites will be unable to prostrate. Thsi hadeeth proves Allaah has a Shin.

      FOURTHLY; However, there are two interpretations for the aayah quoted in the beggining. One is the commentary of Ibn ‘Abbaas, and the other of some other Sahaabah. Ibn ‘Abbaas said this verse and the hadeeth (above) are two seperate things altogether, however some mufassireen have explained this aayah with the interpretation of the other sahaabah. These sahaabah have stated that the interpretation of the verse is the hadeeth…

      Ok, i need to cut the answer short here, in shaa Allaah I’ll continue with the answer in a short while…

      • bismillahirahmaniraheem

        asalamaulaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

        Barakallahufeek Ustadh.

        what about the issue of the Jamaa. The Jamaa will be protected or something?
        also could you send me your email. i may have some questions which i dont want to post directly under the comments. hayakallah

        • Assalaamu ‘alaykum,

          Before I carry on, just wanna say, please don’t call me ustaadh…

          So as for the FOURTH point above (regarding the Shin of Allaah):

          So basically Ibn ‘Abbaas has his tafseer of the verse. and then there are other sahaabah who interpreted the verse conecting it to the hadeeth about the day when Allaah will reveal His Shin.

          So irrespective of what tafseer you take (the one of Ibn ‘Abbaas (even tho it is unauthentic) or the one of the other sahaabah) either way, the view-point of Ahlu Sunnah still remains, Allaah has a Shin, and there is nothing like Him.

          I hope this has answered ur question regarding the Shin of Allaah…

        • Assalaamu ‘alaykum,

          As for the Jamaa’ah question, then the hadeth in question is the one which the prophet (saw) said that this ummah will split into 73 sect, all in hell except one, the sahaabah asked which one, to which the prophet replied, ‘those upon which I am my companions are on today‘ and in another narration, he replied, ‘They are the jamaa’ah‘.

          And in a third narration he (saw) said: “As-Suwaad al-A’dham (the Great Majority)

          All these narrations r authentic…

          As for the word Jamaa’ah, it is mentioned in “Lisaan ul-Arab” [8/53-60] that the word jamaa’ah inthe language is:

          … from Ijtimaa’ (a gathering, where people come together, i.e. a unification) and this is the opposite of separation, dispersal. The Jamaa’ah are a people who have united together on a certain matter/affair

          However the great majority and the jamaa’ah are in reference to the era of the Companions and the Taabi’een (i.e, the Salaf).

          The Great Majority (Jamaa’ah) here does not refer to the great majority of people in every age and era.

          In this regard Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood said: “The Jamaa’ah is whatever (agrees) with the Truth. Even if it is only one person“.

          Likewise Sufyaan Ath-Thawre said, “If there is a scholar on top of a mountain, then he is the jamaa’ah.

          Ishaaq ibn Raahawaayah (d.238) said: “If you were to ask the ignorant people about the Great Majority they would say: ‘The majority of people‘. They do not know that al-Jamaa’ah is the Scholar who clings to the narrations from the Prophet and his way. So whoever is with him (the scholar) and follows him, then he is al-Jamaa’ah” Reported by Abu Nu’aym in [Hilyat ul-Awliyaah].

          I quote from an article:

          In the era of the Companions and their Followers the Taabi’een the Great Majority in that time were upon the Truth. This was due to the fact that people were in nearness to the time of the Messenger and the Messenger attested to the credibility of the best of generations. As for those who came after them then the fact that they are many is not to be considered due to the generality of the texts which give evidence that evil will increase and spread amongst the people, the Ummah will split into seventy-three sects and that Islaam will return as something strange.” [end quote]

          So in short, the jamaa’ah (main body) refers to the main body from the Salaf…

          I hope this has somewhat answered ur question…

          Wassalaamu ‘alaykum,

          Akhookum

    • Likewise akhee, u got more stuff related to the Shin of Allaah here:

      http://www.islaam.net/main/display.php?id=253&category=97

      May Allaah reward Ustaadh Aboo Rumaysah. Ameen.

  2. Assalaamu ‘alaykum,

    As for my email, then I guess its best I give you a shaykhs email, as its always better to ask a shaykh a question.

    I advice shaykh Suhaib Hasan, you can contact him on:

    dr.suhaib.hasan@gmail.com

    No hard feelings in shaa Allaah…

    Wassalaamu ‘alaykum.

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