Allaah’s Names And Attributes Are Unique


A principle with regards to Allaah’s Names and Attributes are that they are Unique, and do not resemble the attributes of His creation. Allaah says.

There is nothing that is similar to Him, and He is the All-Hearer, All- Seer.” [42:11] (1)

Therefore, since Allaah’s Attributes are unique, it is not possible for mankind to understand the exact nature of Allaah’s Names and Attributes, even though it is possible to understand the concept that any Name or Attribute refers to.

For example, Allaah has described Himself in the Qur’aan as al-Hayy, which means, ‘The Ever- Living.’ Mankind understands that Allaah is Ever-Living; that He was always with Life, and will always be with Life.

Mankind also understands that, even though he himself is ‘alive’ (hayy), the life that he has is very different from the one that Allaah describes Himsell as having, for man’s life was given to him, and it shall be taken away from him, in contrast to the characteristic of life that Allaah describes Himself with.

In addition, man does not have the power to create life, unlike Allaah.

So man has the characteristic of life, and Allaah describes Himself as having the characteristic of Life, but the actuality ol the two characteristics differ as much as man differs from the Creator.

Therefore, mankind understands the concept of Allaah’s name al-Hayy, but can never understand the actuality of it.

The same analogy applies for the other Names and Attributes of Allaah.

[Taken from “An Introduction To The Sciences Of The Qur’aan” by Yaasir Qaadhee, Pp. 30-31]

Footnotes:

(1) The point being derived at here is that Allaah first says that there is nothing similar to Him. He (swt) then goes on to affirm two Attributes which are also there in the creation. So by this we come to know that there are attributes which the creation has which Allaah also has but the reality of the two are non comparable. This shall be discussed with an example above.

If one understands all this mentioned above, one will easily be able to refute the ideas of the Ash’arees, as this is a principle which they have failed to grasp.

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