The Speech Of Allaah, Part 12 | Proofs That The Quraan Is Uncreated


The beliefs of Ahlu Sunnah is that the quraan (which is the speech of Allaah), is uncreated. Below are the proofs for this:

Allaah Says:

To Him belongs the Creation and the Command,” [7:54]

Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah (d. 198 AH) in explaining this verse said:

“He has lied (who says that the Qur’aan is created)! Allaah has stated, “To Him belongs the Creation and the Command,” so the creation is the creation of Allaah, and His Command is the Qur’aan.”

[Reported by Al-‘Aajurree in Ash-Sharee’ah]

Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal (d. 241 A.H.) also used this verse to prove that the kalaam of Allaah is not created. [ibid]

Seeking Refuge In The Kalaam:

The Prophet (saw) said:

Whoever dismounts at any place, and says, ‘I seek refuge in the kalimaat (words) of Allaah from the evil that is created,’ nothing will harm him until he moves from his stop.” [Muslim]

This hadeeth also proves that the kalaam of Allaah is not created, since the Prophet (saw) commanded the believers to seek refuge in the kalaam of Allaah from all types of evil. Refuge can only be sought from the Creator (and His Attributes), and not from the creation.

Imaam al-Bukhaaree (d. 256 A. H.) stated:

“In this hadeeth is proof that the kalaam of Allaah is not created.”

Likewise, Imaam Bukhaaree’s teacher, Nu’aym ibn Hammaad (d. 228 A.H.), stated:

“It is not permissible to seek refuge in the created, nor in the speech of men, jinn or angels.”

In other words, the very tact that a person seeks refuge in the kalaam of Allaah proves that it is an uncreated Attribute of Allaah, for it is not allowed to seek refuge in a created object.

Explicit Quotes From The Salaf:

Ibn ‘Abbaas, in explaining the verse,

A Qur’aan without any crookedness,” |39:28|

said:

This means that the Qur’aan is not created.” [Al-Laalikaa’ee, 355]

Imaam Aboo Haneefah (d. 150 A.H.) wrote in his Fiqh al- Akbar:

“The Qur’aan is the speech (kalaam) of Allaah, written in the mus-hafs, preserved in the hearts, recited by the tongues, and revealed to the Prophet (saw),”

and in another place he mentions more specifically that:

“..the Quraan is not created…” [Fiqh Al-Akbar, 301]

Imaam Maalik (d. 179 A.H.) was asked concerning one who says that the Qur’aan is created, what should be done to him: He replied:

“He should be forced to repent, and it he refuses, then his head should be cut off!” [Al-Laalikaa’ee, 494]

Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee (d. 204 A.H.) stated:

“Whoever states that the Qur’aan is created is a disbeliever.” [Al-Khamees, p.14]

Imaam Ahmad ibn Hambal (d. 241 A.H.) stated:

“It has been narrated from many of our salaf that they used to say, ‘The Qur’aan is the kalaam of Allaah, and it is not created.‘ This is also what I believe…” [As-Sunnah of ‘Abdullaah Ibn Ahmad, 108]

The narrations from the salaf concerning the fact that the Qur’aan is not created has reached and far exceeded the level of mutawaatir.

The great scholar of the Sunnuh, Aboo al-Qaasim Hibatullaah ibn Hasan al-Laalikaa’ee (d. 418 AH) transmitted reports from over five-hundred and fifty scholars of the salaf, all of whom slated the same fact:

“The Qur’aan is the Kalaam of Allaah, not created, and whoever states that it is created is a disbeliever.”

And regarding this, he (al-Laalikaa’ee) mentioned:

“…no one refuted or contradicted them, and whoever did so, they were forced to repent, or they were commanded to be killed or banished…” [1/344]

A Simple Logical Approach:

A simple logical proof that the kalaam of Allaah is not created is as follows: If the Kalaam of Allaah were created, it would mean that one of Allaah’s Attributes (that of speech) had a beginning, yet Allaah’s attributes do not change with time, for the Quraan says:

He is the First (there is nothing before Him), and He is the Last (there is nothing after Him)…” [57:3]

and His attributes are a part of Him. The kalaam of Allaah is an Attribute of Allaah, and all of Allaah’s Attributes are eternal and uncreated.

The Qur’aan is the Kalaam of Allaah, and is therefore characterised by the same characteristics as the kalaam of Allaah.

In Conclusion:

In conclusion, the scholar of the Sunnah, Imaam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Aajurree (d. 360 AH) stated:

“And they should know that it is the kalaam of Allaah, not created. So if a Jahmee argues with them, and says,”It is created!” or says, “The Qur’aan is the kalaam of Allaah!” and stops at that (i.e., a Waaqifee), or says, “My recitation of the Qur’aan is created!” (i.e.. a Lafdhee), or says, “The Quraan is only an ‘expression’ of what is in the Lauh al-Mahfoodh!” (i.e., an Ash’aree), then the ruling with regards to such a person is that he be left, and not talked to, nor prayed behind, but rather warned against.” [Ash-Sharee’ah, 1/239]

[Note: This is not takfeer upon the Ash’arees]

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