Archive for March, 2011

Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Notes, Janaa’iz (Funerals), Ch. 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1]

Posted in Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Classes with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 30, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

[As usual my notes will be indented written in gray text. However due to the length of this topic I will devide it into three segments]

Chapter 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1 of 3]

Chapter 9a: Funeral Prayer, its Legal Status

There is a consensus among all the great Muslim jurists that a funeral prayer for a deceased person (1) is a collective obligation or fard kifayah. The Prophet, peace be upon him, commanded the Muslims to offer it, and they have been doing so ever since they received this commandment.

(1) … in congregation…

And it is waajib to do so (in congregation) because the Prophet (saw) said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.” [Bukhaaree]

If the janaazah prayer is done individually it would suffice and the obligation (of offering the janaazah prayer) would be fulfiled but they would sin for leaving off the jamaa’ah (congregation).

As An-Nawawee said, “There is no difference that it is permissible to pray janaazah individually. But the sunnah is to pray in jamaa’ah (congregation.” [Al-Majmoo’ 5/314]

The minimum people to establish a congregation is three, if there are two people than one stands behind the other, not next to him (this will be discussed later inshaaAllaah).

Abu Hurairah reported that when the Prophet, peace be upon him, was informed of the death of a person, he used to ask: ‘Does he owe anything to anyone?‘ If the answer was in the affirmative, he would then ask: ‘Has he (the deceased) left anything to settle his debt?‘ If he had left something to settle his debt, he would offer the funeral prayer for him. Otherwise, he would say to the Muslims: ‘Offer a (funeral) prayer for your brother‘ (Bukhari 5371 and Muslim 1691).

With regards to paying off the debt, that has been discussed in the previous chapter “What to do when someone dies“.

Chapter 9b: Reward for Offering Funeral Prayer

The following hadeeth can be divided into two parts. Part 1:

Continue reading

The Excellence Of Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , on March 29, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

The prophet (saw) said:

The excellence of knowledge is greater than optional actions and the best of your religion is piety.

[Saheeh At-Targheeb Wat Targheeb, 65]

Aboo Dardaa said:

“Whoever holds that going off in the morning or going off later in the day to gain some knowledge is not jihaad, then he is deficient in his intellect and deficient in his opinion.”

Ka’b al-Ahbaar said:

“The student of knowledge is like the one who goes off in the morning, or later in the day to fight in the way of Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic.”

Indeed some of the Salaf have clearly stated, amongst them Maalik, Ash-Shaafi’ee and Imaam Ahmad, and it is stated word for word by Aboo Haneefah that:

“…The most excellent of actions, after the obligatory duties, is seeking knowledge.”

Ibn Al-Qayyim mentioned:

“… Optional knowledge is better than the excellence of extra and optional worship. This is because the benefit of knowledge is general, it benefits its possessor and it benefits the rest of the people as well. Whereas the benefit of worship is particular to the person who does that worship.

Also because with the scholar, his benefit and knowledge remains after his death. Whereas worship is cut off from him at his death.”

[Miftaah daaris Sa’aadah, 1/120]

The Salaf And Their Salaah, Part 2

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 28, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Ahmad Ibn ‘Atiyyah reported:

“The daily portion of voluntary raka’ah for prayer that Muhammad Ibn Samaa’ah made was two hundred raka’ah.” (1)

‘Ataa reported:

“Murrah used to offer six hundred units of voluntary prayer daily…” (2)

Qays Ibn Rabee’ narrated:

“I saw Yazeed Ibn Zuray’ in a dream and asked him, ‘What has Allaah done with you?

He replied, ‘I have been granted entrance into Paradise.

I then asked, ‘Why?

He answered, ‘By abundantly offering prayer.‘ ” (3)

Muhaarib said:

“We accompanied Qaasim Ibn ‘Abdir Rahmaan and he became superior over us with long silence, generosity and abundant prayer.” (4)

Masrooq narrated:

“There isn’t a time that we wake up or go to sleep and I feel remorse upon anything from the worldly life except for not making more sujood to Allaah.” (5)

‘Ubaydullaah Ibn Sulaymaan Ibn Mu’aawiyah Ash-Shaamee reported:

“Our grandfather wore out two prayer rugs and began on a third, with the place of his knees, face and hands from the abundance of prayer that he offered.” (6)

Continue reading

The Salaf And Their Salaah, Part 1

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 28, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Muslim Al-Makkee narrated:

“Once I saw Ibn Az-Zubair go into rukoo’ so I read soorah al-Baqarah, Aali Imraan, an-Nisaa’ and al-Maa’idah and he did not raise his head!” (1)

Aboo Qatn narrated:

“I never saw Shu’bah making rukoo’ except that I thought he forgot, nor have I ever seen him sitting between the two prostrations except that I thought he forgot.” (2)

Ibn Wahb narrated:

Once I saw (Sufyaan) Ath-Thawree in the Haram after maghrib prayer offering voluntary prayer. Then he went down into sujood (prostration) and he didn’t raise his head until the adhaan for ‘ishaa was made.” (3)

‘Abdaan narrated:

“Hudbah Ibn Hakeen used to make tasbeeh in rukoo’ and sujood more than thirty times.” (4)

‘Alaa narrated:

“Once I came to the masjid of Waasit and the mu’adhdhin made the adhaan for dhuhr. Afterwards Mansoor Ibn Zaadhaan came and began offering prayer. I saw that he made sujood eleven times before the iqaamah was made for the prayer.” (5)

Some of the students of Abu Ash-Shaykh reported that they never entered upon Abu Ash-Shaykh except that he was offering prayer.” (6)

Continue reading

Safeguarding Knowledge Through Writing

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on March 27, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Imam Al-Shafi’ee said:

“… I was fatherless and my mother couldn’t afford paper for me. When I found a bone, I wrote on it.”

[“Jami’ Bayan-il-‘ilm”, 157]

It is narrated in “Kitab Al-Ilm” of Abu Khaithama:

Anas Ibn Malik (radialahuanhu) used to tell his son: “O my son! Secure knowledge by writing”.

[“Kitab Al-Ilm”, 120]

It is narrated in “Kitab Al-Ilm” of Abu Khaithama:

“I have indeed seen them (people) writing on their palms with stalk reeds in the presence of Al-Baraa”.

[“Kitab Al-Ilm”, 147]

Ash-Sha’bi said:

“If you hear anything, then write it down, even if you have to write it on a wall.”

[“Kitab Al-Ilm”, 146]

Shaykh Nasir Al-Umar wrote:

Jaabir Ibn Abdullah undertook a one month journey to the land Al-Shaam, in order to hear a single hadith from Ibn Unais, which was: “The people will be gathered barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised on the Day of Judgement”.

[“Al-Ilm”, Page 1]

Quotes gathered by Durani

Even The Jinn Would Fear Imaam Ahmad

Posted in Inspirational Stories, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 26, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

A crazed girl was brought to al-Wathiq, so, he said: “Send her to Ahmad bin Hambal.

When she was brought to Ahmad, they asked him: “Please cure this crazed girl for us!

So, he began to speak to the jinni that had possessed this girl, saying: “Get out of this girl! Get out of this girl!

But it didn’t come out. He continued, saying: “Get out, or I’ll (and Ahmad began to threaten the jinni),” and the jinni came out, saying: “O Ahmad! You feared Allah, so, everything is afraid of you! You feared Allah, so, everything is afraid of you!

The jinni waited until Ahmad bin Hambal eventually died, and it returned to possess the girl once again. So, they brought the girl to a shaykh – who, as it was said, is more like us than Ahmad bin Hambal – and he began to speak to the jinni, saying: “Get out, or I’ll…

Suddenly, the jinni began to laugh, saying: “Ahmad bin Hambal has died; Ahmad bin Hambal has died…

The Prophet (saw) said:

Have no love for the dunya, and Allah will Love you. Have no love for what is with the people, and the people will love you.

[Ibn Maajah. Graded unauthentic by Imaam Muqbil, but authentic by Shaykh Al-Albaanee]

[‘Fi Dhilal Surat at-Tawbah’; p. 195-196]

Qaadhi ‘Iyaad – Respecting The Scholars

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 26, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Qaadi Iyaad mentions:

“One of the rights of the scholar is that you should not be persistent when question him, nor gruff when answering him. Neither be importune if he is tired, nor catch hold of his robe when he rises to depart. Do not point to him, or spread abroad some private information about him, or speak ill of anyone in his presence.

Do not seek out his failings; when he slips, wait for him to recover and accept his his apology. You must revere and esteem him, for the sake of Allah. Do not walk in front of him. If he needs anything, you should make haste serve him before the others.

You should not find find his long company tedious, for he is like a date-palm that you sitting beneath, waiting for a windfall. When you arrive, greet him particular, and all who are present.

All this should be for the sake of Allaah; for a learned man receives more reward from Allah than someone who fasts, prays, and fights in Allah’s path; and when he dies, a hole appears in Islam which remains until the Day of Judgment, unless it be filled by a successor who is his like.

The seeker of knowledge, moreover, is accompanied by the Angels of Heaven.”

[‘Iyad, Ilma, 48]

Busying Oneself With Warning, Boycotting And Finding Faults Of Others, By Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad

Posted in Adab (Manners) with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on March 25, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad mentions:

“There is no doubt that it is obligatory upon Ahlu Sunnah in every time and place to unify and be merciful to each other, and to cooperate upon righteousness and taqwaa.

However it is distressing that in this time we see differing, coldness and indifference emanating from some of Ahlu Sunnah which has resulted in some of them busying themselves with disparagement of people, warning and boycotting. This, whereas it is obligatory upon them to expend their efforts in combating the disbelievers and the People of Innovation who oppose Ahlu Sunnah, and it is obligatory upon them to be merciful amongst themselves and bringing each other together…”

[Taken from the introduction of “Rifqan Ahle Sunnah Bi Ahle Sunnah“, By Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad. Translated by Ustaadh Aboo Rumaysah]

Between The Two Extremes Of ‘Blind Following’ And ‘Boycotting’, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in Adab (Manners), Brothers Base, Killing The Fitna, Knowledge, Various Other Misguided Sects/Groups Exposed with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 25, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Qayyim mentions in I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een:

“Knowing the excellence of the Imaams of Islaam, their rights, and rankings; and knowing that their excellence, knowledge, and sincerity to Allaah and His Messenger does not necessitate that everything they say be accepted (this being the first extreme).

What judgements they passed, the truth of which was hidden from them, such that they spoke based upon their knowledge but said that which opposed the truth, does not necessitate that all of their opinions be discarded, or that they be demeaned or abused (this being the second extreme).

These are two extremes that are far from the balanced path (i.e, [1] complete blind following and [2] complete rejection and boycotting), for that lies between the two: we do not declare him to be a sinner and neither do we declare him to be free from error…

Whoever has knowledge of the Sharee’ah and reality will know with certainty that a great man, who has a righteous place and effect in Islaam, could slip and err, but he is excused for this, even rewarded for his ijtihaad. In this case it is not permissible to follow the error nor to invalidate his ranking, being an Imaam, and the status he holds in the hearts of the Muslims.”

[Quoted in Rifqan Ahle Sunnah Bi Ahle Sunnah, By Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al-‘Abbaad, p. 41]

The Reasons For Differing Amongst The Ummah

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , on March 25, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Taymiyyah says:

Many of the Mujtahids amongst the salaf and the khalaf said and did things that were innovations but they did not know it was so. They did this because (a) they took a hadeeth thinking it was authentic when it was in reality weak, or (b) understanding a verse of the Quraan in a way that was not intended, or (c) because of an opinion they held in an issue and the text concerning it had not reached them.

If a person fears Allaah as much as he is able he falls under the saying of Allaah, “Our Lord, do not take us to account if we forget or err,” and in the saheeh it is reported that Allaah, Exalted is He, said, “I have done so“.

[Majmoo’ Fataawa]

Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee, “All Humans Are Dead Except Those Who Have Knowledge”

Posted in Dunya | Aakhirah, Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on March 24, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Imam Shafi’ said,

“All humans are dead except those who have knowledge … and all those who have knowledge are asleep, except those who do good deeds … and those who do good deeds are deceived, except those who are sincere … and those who are sincere are always in a state of worry.”