The Difference Between Specifying And Generalising Takfeer


As for specifying a person with takfeer than this is something different to generalising it. Ibn Taymiyyah said, in explaining this:

“I explained that what has been transmitted from the Salaf and the Imaams in regards to attaching takfeer to one who had said such-and-such a statement is also correct, however there has to be a distinction between applying it and specifying it.”

[Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa, 3/229]

Likewise Ahmad Ibn Hajar Aal-Bootaamee Ash-Shaafi’ee said:

(Question): Can a specific person, or a specific group, be made takfeer of for their nullifiers of tawheed and kufr even though they believe in Allaah and the Messenger and perform all of the Divine Legislation?

Answer: It can be said that such actions are those of shirk and kufr such as: sujood to a walee (or anyone else for that matter), tawaaf around a grave, making a vow to a grave, however, as for a specific person or group then we do not immediately make takfeer of them, rather we have to inform them of the verses of the Quraan and the ahaadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (saw) which clarify shirk and warn from it.

We also have to clarify that the person who commits such shirk will have no portion of Paradise whatsoever and that these actions are shirk.

So if a specific person or group continues in this way (of falling into shirk) and is stubborn and does not accept, then at this point it is permitted to apply shirk to them…”

[Al-‘Aqaa’id As-Salafiyyah Bi Adilatiha An-Naqliyyah Wal-‘Aqliyyah, Pp. 37-40]

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