Means To Shirk Which The Shaafi’ee Scholars Have Forbade


It has been transmitted from Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and his followers that there is a prohibition of the means to shirk such as:

– tajsees of graves (plastering them in order to make them into permanent structures) (1)

– building on top of them (2)

– writing on them (3)

– placing lights on them (4)

– taking them as masaajid (5)

– praying to them (6)

– facing them in du’aa

– making tawaaf around them (7)

– sitting on them (8)

– kissing them (9)

– touching them (9)

– placing sun-shades on them

– to say ‘by Allaah and by your beloved’ (10)

Footnotes:

(1) Based upon the hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim that, “The Messenger of Allaah (saw) forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures), used as sitting places (for the people) or building over them.” To know more about the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and many of his followers refer to Rawdat At-Taalibeen, 1/652, Al-Majmoo’, 5/266 & Sharh Musilm Lin-Nawawee, 7/37-38.

(2) To know more about the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and many of his followers refer to Rawdat At-Taalibeen, 1/652, Al-Majmoo’, 5/266 & Sharh Musilm Lin-Nawawee, 7/307.

(3) Based on the hadeeth from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah “forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures) and that they be written on.” [Aboo Daawood  Tirmidhee] To know more about the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and many of his followers refer to Al-Umm, 1/278, Rawdat At-Taalibeen, 1/652 & Al-Majmoo’, 5/266.

(4) Based on the saying of the Prophet (saw), “Allaah has cursed women who visit graves, those who build masjids on them, and those who erect lamps (over them).” To know more about the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and many of his followers refer to Fath Al-Majeed, p. 186.

(5) The Prophet (saw) said, “Allaah cursed the yahood and the nasaarah because they took the graves of their prophets as masaajid.” [Bukhaaree & Muslim]. He (saw) also said, “Those before you used to take the graves of their prophets as masaajid, do not take graves as masaajid! I forbid you from doing that!” [Muslim & others] For more info on the position of the Shaafi’ees refer to Al-Umm, 1/278 & Sharh Musilm Lin-Nawawee, 7/38.

(6) The Prophet (saw) said: “Do not sit on graves and do not pray towards them.” [Muslim & others]. For more info on the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (and his followers) refer to Al-Umm, 1/46 & Sharh Musilm Lin-Nawawee, 7/38.

(7) Allah says, “…and perform tawaaf around the ancient House [Al-Ka’bah].” [22:29] hence the one who makes tawaaf around a grave is, in reality, comparing it to the House of Allaah, the Haram, which the Muslims make tawaaf around. For more info on the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (and his followers) refer to Al-Majmoo’ 8/257.

(8)  Jaabir reported that “The Messenger of Allaah forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures), used as sitting places (for the people) or that a construction be built on them.” [Muslim] For more info on the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (and his followers) refer to Sharh Muslim of An-Nawawee 7/37.

(9) It is well known that Allaah did not legislate for us to kiss any place specifically except for the Black Stone and He did not legislate for us to touch anything except for the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner. As for what people do at graves then such practices are extreme which lead to falling into shirk and innovation as it equalises between sanctified symbols in Islaam and graves. For more info on the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (and his followers) refer to Al-Majmoo’ 8/257.

(10) Based on the statement of the Messenger of Allaah, “Whoever swears by other than Allaah has committed shirk.” [Ahmad, Tirmidhe & Al-Haakim] See Tafseer Ibn Katheer 1/101.

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