Seeking Blessings (Tabarruk) From The Graves Is Haraam


Seeking blessings (tabarruk) from trees, stones, ‘pious’ individuals and the likes are all means to shirk.

Ibn Hajar Al-Makkee Al-Haytamee (Ash-Shaafi’ee) said:

“Our companions (from the Shaafi’ee madhhab) say: it is haraam to pray to the graves of the Prophets and Awliyaa, such as praying on them, tabarruk (seeking blessings) and glorifying them. The status of this action is that it is a manifest major sin.”

He then goes on to mention some of the glorifications of graves which are forbidden such as:

“…such as placing seats om graves out of glorification, seeking blessings (tabarruk) from them, and likewise making tawaaf around graves.”

An-Nawawee said:

“They (the scholars) said: it is ‘considered haraam’ to touch the grave and kiss it, rather it is from manners to be distant from it just as the people were distant from it when he was alive.

…From the danger of the one like this is that he touches the grave with his hand and the likes in order to attain Barakah (blessings) yet this only shows the person’s ignorance and heedlessness as Barakah is only within that which agrees with the Shar’ (Islamic Legislation), so how can one seek virtue by that which opposes what is correct?”

[Al-Majmoo’, 8/257-258]

Imaam Ahmad rejected those who would touch his body with their hands in order to seek blessings from him, when this was done to Imaam Ahmad, he became angered and said:

“Who did you get this from?”

He firmly and sternly rejected this practice.

[Refer to Tabaqaat Al-Hanaabilah 1/228 & Al-Minhaaj Al-Ahmad 1/428]

Al-Meelee said:

“The people consider touching (the graves) to be tabarruk (seeking blessings) for help (istimdaad) from the souls of the dead pious, and they believe that they are alive in the graves, have an influence in the world and can grant the requests made to them.

The people also build shrines on the graves of the dead pious and believe that the spirit of the righteous person is in the grave.

You will actually find that there are great constructions built upon shrines ascribed to Shaykh ‘Abdul Qaadir Jilaanee who is buried in Baghdaad (?!), while he never even knew that place and never heard of it! You will find these shrines dedicated to Jilaanee in Western Algeria but most are in the East.

In some cases we know that the dead person in a grave is not even righteous (1).”

[Risaalat Ash-Shirk, p. 244]

Footnotes:

(1) Ahmad Ibn hajar Al-Bootaamee Ash-Shaafi’ee affirmed this point in Tatheer Al-Janaan, p. 32, where he said: “Also it is not known if the person in the grave was indeed a righteous person, and matters are judged by the end results so a person may have been truthful on the outset yet inside was a zindeeq.”

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