Doing Nāfilah, After Dawn Break, Other Than The prior-Sunnah Salaah


Hafsah (ra) said:

‘At dawn break, the prophet (saw) used to perform two short Rak‘ah only.’ [Muslim]

Commenting on this hadīth, An-Nawawī said:

‘Some may deduce from this hadīth the prohibition of performing Nāfilah at dawn break except the prior Sunnah of the dawn Salāt and the Salāt which has specific reson. This ruling is one of the three rulings deduced by the Shāfi‘ī scholars. Qādī ‘Iyād reported that it is held by Mālik and the Jumhūr’.(1)

Al-Qastallānī reported that Mālikī and Hanafī scholars held that only the two prior-Sunnah Rak‘ahs of the dawn Salāt could be done at dawn break. This opinion is also held by Ahmad’s followers and in one of the Shāfi‘ī views, so did Ibn As-Salāh and Al-Mutawallī in his “Tatimmah”.

I believe that doing other than the two prior-Sunnah Rak‘ahs at dawn break is detested as affirmed in many ahādīth traced back to ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Umar, ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Amru and Abī Hurairah (ra).

Although the prophet (saw) was very keen to practice Nāfilah, he (saw) never did at dawn break more than the two Rak‘ah Salāt. This is clearly stated by Yasār, the manumitted slave of Ibn ‘Umar, who said:

‘Ibn ‘Umar (ra) once saw me performing Nāfilah Salāt at dawn break.

He (‘Ibn ‘Umar) then said: ‘O Yasār! The prophet (saw) once saw us doing what your are doing and said: ‘Let those who are present inform those who are not; never do Nāfilah after dawn break but the two [prior-Sunnah Rak‘ahs of the dawn Salāt]’.'(2)

Commenting on this hadīth, At-Tirmithī reported the unanimous agreement amongst scholars regarding this ruling. (3)

Al-Baihaqi and others reported through an authentic chain of narrators traced back to Sa‘īd Ibn Al-Musayyab that the latter saw a man doing Salāt after dawn break more than two Rak‘ahs, doing long Rukū‘ and long Sujūd. Sa‘īd ordered him not to do Nāfilah after dawn break.

The man wondered: ‘Would Allāh (swt) punish me for performing Nāfilah?’.

Sa‘īd clarified: ‘No, but for violating the prophet’s (saw) Sunnah’. (4)

Indeed, Sa‘īd Ibn Al-Musayyab set a magnificently powerful way of dealing with those who practice Bid‘ah considering it a righteous act of worship and condemning Ahlus Sunnah for their rejection to their practice claiming that they reject doing Nāfilah and reciting Thikr!! Indeed, Ahlus Sunnah reject all that which contradicts the prophet’s (saw) Sunnah. (5)

Footnotes:

(1) “Sharh Sahīh Muslim” (vol. . 3 / p. 216).

(2) Narrated by: At-Tirmithī in “Al-Jāmi‘ (no. 419). This hadīth is authentic due to the
many other supporting narrations. See: “I‘lāmu Ahlul ‘Asr Bi’ahkām Rak‘atai Al- Fajr” (p. 83-101) and “Irwā’ul Galīl” (vol. 2 / p. 232).

(3) “Jāmi ‘ut Tirmithī” (vol. 2 / p. 280). In “At-Talkhīsul Habīr” (vol. 1 / p. 191), Ibn Hajar doubted the unanimous agreement At-Tirmithī stated.

(4) Narratted by:Abdir Razzāq in “Al-Musannaf” (no. 4755), Ad-Dārimī in “As- Sunnan” (vol. 1 / p. 116), Muhammad Ibn Nasr in “Qiyāmul Lail” (p. 46) and Al- Baihaqī in “As-Sunnan Al-Kubrā” (vol. 2 / p. 466).

(5) “Irwā’ul Galīl” (vol. 2 / p. 236).

[Taken from “The Clarified Ruling Of Mistakes Don eIn Salaah”, By Shaykh Mashhoor Hasan Aal-Salmaan, Pp. 186-187]

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