Al-Qurtubee’s Position On Venerating Graves

Al-Qurtubee said:

“Our scholars have said that it is prohibited for the Muslims to take the graves of the Prophets and of the ‘Ulamaa as masaajid.”

[Tafseer Al-Qurtubee, 10/380]

Al-Qurtubee said, after explaining the hadeeth “Do not pray on graves and do not sit on them“:

“As for building constructions (on graves) in a way similar to that of jaahiliyyah out of pride and veneration then that has been destroyed and has disappeared, for within that was adorning the first port of call of the Hereafter (i.e. the grave) with things from the dunya resembling those who has venerated graves and worshipped them.”

[Tafseer Al-Qurtubee, 10/381]

Al-Qurtubee said:

“And as for the sunnah then there are many affirmed authentic ahaadeeth, such as the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (ra) wherein Umm Habeebah and Umm Salamah mentioned a church that they had seen in Ethiopia wherein pictures were displayed. They mentioned this to the Messenger of Allaah (saw) and he said:

They were the ones that if a righteous man among them died, they would make his grave into a masjid and make images of the person within it. They are the worst of creation with Allaah.” [Reported by Bukhaaree 1341 and Muslim 528]

Our scholars have said: The early generations done that in order to see their images and be reminded of their piety so as to strive as their pious people did and worship Allaah at their graves. Yet as time passed, the generations after them became ignorant of the purpose of their images and then Shaytaan whispered into them that their fathers and grandparents used to actually worship these images – so then the people began to worship the images. The Prophet (saw) cautioned against this and gave a stern warning against doing the likes of such things.”

[Tafseer Al-Qurtubee, 2/58]


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