The Impermissibility Of Plastering Graves


Jaabir reported:

“The Messenger of Allaah forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures), used as sitting places (for the people) or building over them.”

[Muslim]

In another narration, Jaabir narrated:

“The Messenger of Allaah forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into permanent structures) and that they be written on.”

[Aboo Daawood & Tirmidhee]

Imaam Maalik said,

“Plastering graves is detested and so is building over them…“

[Al-Mudawwana, 1/189]

For more info on the position of Imaam Maalik (and his followers) refer to Tafseer Al-Qurtubee, 10/380, and Fath Al-Majeed, p. 323.

Al-Aloosee Al-Hanafee said:

“I have seen those who allow what the ignorant do at the grave of the dead pious such as honoring graves, building tombstones over graves… All of that is opposition to Allaah and His Messenger (saw) and innovating in the Deen that which Allaah did not permit.”

[Rooh Al-Ma’aanee, 15/239-240]

For more info on the position of the Hanafees refer to Badaa’i As-Sanaa’i 1/320

Ibn Qudaamah said:

“Because that is from the adornment of the dunyaa and the dead have no need for taht whatsoever.“

To know more about the position of the Hanbalee Scholars refer to Al-Mughnee, 3/439-440

Imaam An-Nawawee said:

“It is ‘deemed as forbidden’ to plaster graves and to build and write on them even if the grave is found within a cemetery it should be destroyed.”

[As-Siraaj Al-Wahhaaj, 1/114]

To know more about the position of Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee and many of his followers refer to Rawdat At-Taalibeen, 1/652, Al-Umm, 1/278 & Sharh Musilm Lin-Nawawee, 7/37-38.

Al-Baghawee said:

“It is ‘considered haraam’ to place a sun-shade over a grave because ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (ra) saw a sunshade on a grave and instructed that it be removed.”

[Al-Majmoo’, 5/266]

Ibn Hajar Al-Makkee Al-Haytamee said:

“The worst of the prohibited actions and the means to shirk is to pray by it (the grave), take the masjid as a grave or build over it. The ‘ulamaa do not permit this and it has been reported abundantly from the prophet (saw) that there is a curse for whoever does these actions.”

[Az-Zawaajir ‘An Iqtiraaf Al-Kabaa’ir, 1/195]

Imaam Ismaa’eel Ad-Dehlawee Al-Hanafee said that among the innovated deeds done at the graves were:

“… placing a pavilion over the tomb, or kissing its steps, or sitting on the tomb, and respecting all the trees, plants and herbs which surround the tomb and not dishonoring them – all of such actions are deemed as shirk and are entitled Israak Fil ‘Ibaadah.”

[Tawiyat Al-Imaan]

And as we know the origin of shirk is to venerate the graves. See this post for more info.

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