Is A Mursal Hadeeth Weak?

A mursal narration is a narration that a taabi’ee ascribes to the Prophet (saw) without mentioning the Companion that he took it from.

Al-Haakim said:

“This is a vast science because the Imaams differ regarding the validity of narrations that do not have complete chains.” [162]

– The fuqahaa (scholars of fiqh) disagree as to whether the mursal hadeeth is a valid proof (most of them saying it is weak – see An-Nawawee’s quote below).

– The hadeeth scholars, however, agree among themselves that it is not a valid proof.

Imam Muslim said in the introduction to his saheeh:

“In our basic view and the view of the scholars of narrations, the mursal hadeeth is not a valid proof, neither in our view nor in the view of the learned scholars of hadeeth.” [Muqaddimah, Baab Sihhat Al-Ihtijaaj Bil-Hadeeth Al-Mu’an’an]

Al-Haafidh Ibn As-Salaah said:

“As to our mention of the invalidity of the mursal hadeeth and our ruling of it being weak, the group of hadeeth retainers and critics of narrations agree with our view. A view they expressed in their various works.” [See Uloom Al-Hadeeth of Ibn As-Salah, p.55]

An-Nawawee has been quoted to have said:

“The mursal hadeeth is a weak hadeeth according to the vast majority of hadeeth scholars, Ash-Shaafi’ee, and most of the fuqahaa (scholars of fiqh) and jurisprudents of usool.” [See Tadreeb of As-Suyootee, p.119]

This is because of ignorance of the condition of the missing link which may possibly be weak who may be a person other than a Companion.

Leave a reply:

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: