Archive for November, 2012

The Sahaabah: A Generation Of The Quraan

Posted in Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , on November 30, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

A plethora of evidence demonstrates that the Companions actively took part in the policy of teaching the Quraan during the Madanee period. The following narrations represent, as usual, only a fraction of the evidences:

‘Ubaada Ibn As-Saamit taught the Quraan during the Prophet’s lifetime.

Ubayy also taught during the Prophet’s lifetime in Madeenah, even trekking regularly to teach a blind man in his house.

Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree states that he sat with a group of immigrants (muhaajiroon) while a qaari (reciter) read for them.

Sahl Ibn Sa’d Al-Ansaaree said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting to each other…” .

‘Uqba Ibn ‘Aamir remarked, “The Prophet came to us while we were in the mosque, teaching each other the Quraan.”

Jaabir Ibn ‘Abdillaah said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reading the Quraan, our gathering consisted of both Arabs and non-Arabs…”

Anas Ibn Maalik said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting, among us Arabs and non-Arabs, blacks and whites…”

Additional evidence shows that the Companion travelled beyond Madeenah to serve as instructors:

Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal was dispatched to yemen.

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What Is The Khimaar That A Woman Is Obliged To Cover Herself With? By Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

Posted in Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , on November 25, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Regarding the statement of Allaah: “And to draw their khimaars (veils) over their juyoob (bosoms)” [24:31], Ibn ‘Uthaymeen mentions:

“The khimaar is that which a woman uses to cover and veil her head, such as a head cloth. So if she was commanded to place the khimaar over her jayb (bosom), then she was also commanded with covering her face, whether it is because wearing the khimaar necessitates that or because it is understood from general reasoning.

This is since if covering the neck and bosom are obligatory, then veiling the face is an obligation for all the more reason, since it is the source of beauty and enticement.

Indeed, when people seek the beauty of a figure, they do not ask except concerning the face. If it is beautiful, they do not look towards anything else in the same manner as possessing importance. This is why when it is said that such and such woman is beautiful, one doesn’t understand from these words anything except the beauty of the face.(1)

So it is clear that the face is the place of beauty that is asked about and informed of. And if it is this way, then how can we come to understand that this religion, which is based upon wisdom, would obligate the covering of the neck and chest and then allow the exposure of the face?”

[Taken from “Four Essays On The Obligation Of Veiling” Ch. 2: An Essay On Hijaab, p. 29]

Footnotes:

(1) As the shaykh mentions elsewhere: “There is no doubt that the face is the place of attraction and beauty and from where temptation is derived.” [Ibid. p.31]

What The Scholars Have Said Regarding The Khimaar

Posted in Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , on November 20, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“The khimaar is that which covers the head, the face and the neck. And the jilbaab is that which is made to fall from the top of the head downwards, such that nothing from her dress is apparent except for her two eyes.” [As is reported on him by Al-Albaanee in his book “Hijaab” p.71]

Imaam Ibn Khuzaymah said in his saheeh:

“The khimaar: that which a woman covers her face with.”

And this is what the female companions understood regarding khimaar when the aayah obligating it was revealed.

‘Aa’ishah said:

“May Allaah have mercy on the first emigrant women (muhaajiraat). When Allaah revealed “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars over their bosoms (juyoob)”, they tore off the bottom parts of their dresses and used them as khimaars (and covered their faces with them).” [Bukhaaree]

Ibn Hajr said:

“Her saying ‘used them as khimaars’ means we covered our faces with them.” [Taken from the book ‘Awdatul Hijaab 3/287-288]

Imaam Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-Shinqeetee said (when commenting on the above hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah):

“This authentic hadeeth is clear proof that the female companions mentioned in it understood that the meaning of Allaah’s saying, “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars all over their juyoob (bosoms)” required the veiling of their faces. That is why they tore off part of their dresses and “used them as khimaars” meaning they covered their faces with them, obeying Allaah’s command in (24:31), which mandates the veiling of their faces.

So a woman’s wearing of the hijaab in front of men and the veiling of her face before them is established in the authentic sunnah, which provides an explanation for the Quraan… It is well known that they could not have gotten their understanding that Allaah’s saying “And (tell them) to draw their khimaars all over their juyoob (bosoms)” meant to veil the face except from the Prophet (saw), since he was present at that time. They would ask him about things that they found difficult with in their religion… So it is not possible that they could come up with an understanding of this ayah by themselves.” [Adwaa Al-Bayaan, 6/595]

Proof From The Scholars Regarding The Obligation Of Niqaab

Posted in Sisters Base with tags , , , , , on November 15, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Allaah says:

O Prophet (saw)! Tell your wives and your daughters and the believing women to cast their jilbaabs upon themselves (i.e. their bodies). Thats is better, that they should be known so as not to be bothered. And Allaah is Ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Al-Ahzaab: 59]

Ibn ‘Abbaas  said:

“Allaah has commanded the believing women, when they come out of their homes, due to a necessity, to cover their faces by placing their jalaabeeb over their heads, and only expose one eye.” [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/114

Muhammad Ibn Sireen (d.110?) said:

“I asked ‘Ubaydah As-Salmaanee about Allaah’s saying, ‘… to cast their jalaabeeb upon themselves…’ so he veiled his face and head and only exposed his left eye.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 6/470]

Abu ‘Ubayd As-Salmaanee and others mentioned that:

“The believing women used to cast their jilbaabs from (over) the top of their heads downwards, to the point that nothing was visible except their eyes, for the purpose of seeing the road.” [Ibn katheer, 6/470]

Aboo Su’aad said:

“What is mean by the ayah is that they should cover their faces and bodies with it.”

Imaam As-Suddee said:

“She should cover one of her eyes, her forehead and the other (lower) portion of her face, except one eye.”

Shaykh Bin Baaz says:

“Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, as well as oter scholars held this view (of the obligation for women to cover their faces), and it is the truth in which there is no doubt.”

Aboo Bakr Al-Jassaas Al-Hanafee said:

“In this ayah is evidence that a young woman is commanded with (a) covering her face in front of male strangers, (b) remaining covered, and © refraining from going out (without it) so that the people will not place any doubt upon her.” [Ahkaamul Quraan, 3/371-372]

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Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah, The Pious Female Worshipper

Posted in Dunya | Aakhirah, Inspirational Stories, Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , on November 12, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah used to pray the whole night, and when dawn came she lay down for a bit and then got up frightened, saying to herself, ‘Sleep in the grave is long.’ ” [“Sincere Counsel To Students Of Sacred Knowledge” by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p.53]

Adh-Dhahabee related by way of Ibn Abee Dunyaa: ‘Abda Bint Abee Shawwaal, who used to serve Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah said:

“Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah used to pray the whole night. When morning would come she would lay down till the sky would turn yellow. I used to hear her say, ‘My soul, how much do you sleep and till what time do you stand up? You might sleep for just a little and never get up until the day of Resurrection.’ “

Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah was a ascetic, God fearing worshipper from Basra. She is said to have lived for 80 years and died in 180H.

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Raabi’a Al-‘Adwiyyah the worshipper used to get up to pray in the beginning of the night and say:

‘The lover has stood up for her hope,
And her heart is about to fly away from joy.’

When the night was over she would say: “No! It has been taken away!” and she would recite:

‘The darkness is gone with its intimacy and concord,
If only the night and its intimacy would come again.’ “

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The Importance Of Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , , on November 9, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Aspiring to virtuous deeds is the highest goal of those who strive yet virtuous deeds vary in status and ranks. Some people consider them to mean abstaining from worldly vanities and others think they stand for dedicating oneself to worship. The truth, however, is that complete virtue is nothing but joining knowledge with action…

Beware of just having theoretical knowledge without putting it into action, for those who accompany the rulers and associate with worldly people have turned their backs to enacting their knowledge which in turn has deprived them of the blessings and benefit it can bring. Be careful of busying yourself with mere worship and no learning, as many ascetics and Soofees have gone astray due to acting without knowledge…

Those who hear your speak will benefit from your knowledge according to how much you yourself benefit from it. When a preacher does not apply his knowledge, his exhortation will flow off the hearts’ surface like water flows off a rock.” [“Sincere Counsel To Students Of Sacred Knowledge” by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p.39 & 80]

‘Umar Ibn ‘Abdil-‘Azeez said:

“Whoever acts without knowledge, harms more than benefits.” [Musannaf of Ibn Abee Shaybah, 13/470]

Al-Hasan Al-Basree said:

“Seek knowledge in a way that does not harm (you acting on) your worship, and worship in a way that does not harm (you gaining) your knowledge. Whoever acts without knowledge harms more than he benefits.” [Musannaf of Ibn Abee Shaybah, 13/499]

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The Ruling On Innovators And Innovations, By Ibn Taymiyyah

Posted in Biddah / Innovation with tags , , , , , , , , , on November 6, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Some of the Shaafi’ee and Hanbalee scholars, and others, have permitted killing the one who calls to innovations that are in opposition to the Quraan and Sunnah. This is the same case with the Maalikee scholars who said, ‘Maalik and others only allowed killing the Qadariyyah for the purpose of eradicating corruption from the lands, not because of their apostasy.‘ ” [As-Siyaasat Ash-Shara’iyyah, p.123]

Ibn Taymiyyah also said:

“Any innovator that has the proof established against him, deserves to be punished. And if not, then still, his innovative and prohibited actions are fruitless and contain no reward in them. Rather they subtract from his good deeds, reduce his reward and serve as a means for lowering his sanctity and status.

This is the ruling and the recompense for the deviant misguided ones, and Allaah rules with equity and justice – He does not wrong anything, not even an atom, and He is All knowing, Most Wise.” [Ar-Radd ‘Alaa Al-Akhnaa’ee]

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