Proof From The Scholars Regarding The Obligation Of Niqaab


Allaah says:

O Prophet (saw)! Tell your wives and your daughters and the believing women to cast their jilbaabs upon themselves (i.e. their bodies). Thats is better, that they should be known so as not to be bothered. And Allaah is Ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Al-Ahzaab: 59]

Ibn ‘Abbaas  said:

“Allaah has commanded the believing women, when they come out of their homes, due to a necessity, to cover their faces by placing their jalaabeeb over their heads, and only expose one eye.” [Mukhtasar Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 2/114

Muhammad Ibn Sireen (d.110?) said:

“I asked ‘Ubaydah As-Salmaanee about Allaah’s saying, ‘… to cast their jalaabeeb upon themselves…’ so he veiled his face and head and only exposed his left eye.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 6/470]

Abu ‘Ubayd As-Salmaanee and others mentioned that:

“The believing women used to cast their jilbaabs from (over) the top of their heads downwards, to the point that nothing was visible except their eyes, for the purpose of seeing the road.” [Ibn katheer, 6/470]

Aboo Su’aad said:

“What is mean by the ayah is that they should cover their faces and bodies with it.”

Imaam As-Suddee said:

“She should cover one of her eyes, her forehead and the other (lower) portion of her face, except one eye.”

Shaykh Bin Baaz says:

“Shaykh Al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, as well as oter scholars held this view (of the obligation for women to cover their faces), and it is the truth in which there is no doubt.”

Aboo Bakr Al-Jassaas Al-Hanafee said:

“In this ayah is evidence that a young woman is commanded with (a) covering her face in front of male strangers, (b) remaining covered, and © refraining from going out (without it) so that the people will not place any doubt upon her.” [Ahkaamul Quraan, 3/371-372]

Jalaal Ud-Deen As-Suyootee said:

“This is the ayah of the hijaab applying to all women. There is proof in it that covering the head and the face is obligatory.” [Al-Ikleel, p.180]

‘Imaad Ud-Deen At-Tabaree said:

“So He commanded the women to veil their faces and cover their heads.” [Tafseer Ilkiyaa Al-Haras At-Tabaree, 4/135]

Jalaal Ud-Deen Al-Mahallee said:

“It means that they should let some of it fall over their faces, except for one eye, when they go out for their necessities.” [Qurratul-‘Ainayn ‘Alaa Tafseeril-Jalaalayn, p.560]

Ibn Al-Jawzee said concerning this ayah (ahzaab:59)(1):

“It means that they must cover their heads and faces so that they may be known as free women. The definition of a jilbaab is a loose outer garment, as has been stated by Ibn Qutaybah.” [Rawaa’i Al-Bayaan, 2/382]

Jamaal Ad-Deen Al-Qaasimee said:

“… By them wearing loose outer garments (ardiyah) and cloaks (malaahif) and by covering their heads and faces so that they can guard and protect their chastity and no one will look at them with desire.” [Mahaasin Al-Ta’weel, 13/4908-4909]

‘Alaamah Ash-Shinqeetee said:

“From the Quraanic evidences that indicate that a woman must wear hijaab and cover her entire body, even her face, is Allaah’s saying: “O prophet! tell your wives and your daughters and the believing women to cast their jilbaabs over themselves.” This is because several scholars have stated that a woman must veil her whole face and not reveal anything from it except for noe eye with which she can see. Among those who held this opinion were: Ibn Mas’ood, Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Ubaydah As-Salmaanee and others…

There is no disagreement amongst the Muslims on the fact that the Prophet’s wives were obligated to wear the hijaab and veil their faces…

Also, in Allaah’s saying: “tell your wives and your daughters” is a further proof that the understanding of the ayah is not that women expose their faces, since the Priphet’s wives veiled their faces, and there is no disagreement amongst the Muslims about this.” [Adwaa Al-Bayaan Fee Eedaah Al-Quraan Bil-Quraan, 6/586]

Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sa’dee said:

“Allaah commanded His Prophet (in it) to order (all) women generally. And He begins by mentioning his wives (first), then his daughters since they are firmer (in the religion) than others. Another reason (for this) is because his ordering someone must be preceded byhis first ordering his family members, as Allaah says: “O you who believe, save yourselves and your families from a Fire.” So, “To cast their jilbaabs over themselves” refers to the garments that go over the inner garments, such as a cloak, the khimaar, the loose outer garment, and so on. This means they must cover their faces and chests with them. Then Allaah mentions the wisdom for this, saying: “That will be better, that they should be known so as not to be bothered.” This indicates that a woman will always find harm and trouble if she doesn’t wear the hijaab.” [Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan, 6/122]

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