The Sahaabah: A Generation Of The Quraan

A plethora of evidence demonstrates that the Companions actively took part in the policy of teaching the Quraan during the Madanee period. The following narrations represent, as usual, only a fraction of the evidences:

‘Ubaada Ibn As-Saamit taught the Quraan during the Prophet’s lifetime.

Ubayy also taught during the Prophet’s lifetime in Madeenah, even trekking regularly to teach a blind man in his house.

Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree states that he sat with a group of immigrants (muhaajiroon) while a qaari (reciter) read for them.

Sahl Ibn Sa’d Al-Ansaaree said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting to each other…” .

‘Uqba Ibn ‘Aamir remarked, “The Prophet came to us while we were in the mosque, teaching each other the Quraan.”

Jaabir Ibn ‘Abdillaah said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reading the Quraan, our gathering consisted of both Arabs and non-Arabs…”

Anas Ibn Maalik said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting, among us Arabs and non-Arabs, blacks and whites…”

Additional evidence shows that the Companion travelled beyond Madeenah to serve as instructors:

Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal was dispatched to yemen.

On their way to Bi’r Ma’oona, at least 40 Companions known for teaching the Quraan were ambushed and martyred.

Aboo ‘Ubaidah was sent to Najraan.

Wabra Ibn Yuhannaas taught the Quraan in San’aa (Yemen) to Umm Sa’eed Bint Buzrug during the Prophet’s lifetime.

The sea of incentives and opportunities for learning the Holy Bok, coupled with the waves of people involved in disseminating it, soon yielded a prodigious number of Companions who had thoroughly memorised it by heart (huffaaz). Many were subsequently martyred on the fields of Yamaama and Bi’r Ma’oona, and the full details of their names have, in most cases, been lost to history. What the references do show are the names of those who lived on, who continued to teach either in Madeenah or in the newly conquered lands of the growing Muslim realms.

A Comparison With The Bible:

History has not always delat kindly with scriptures. Jesus’ original Gospel was irretrievably lost in its infancy and replaced by the biographical works of anonymous writers lacking any first-hand knowledge of their subject. LIkewise the Old Testament suffered heavily under chronic idolatry and neglect. There can be no sharper contrast than the Quraan, blessed as it was with rapid diffusion throughout the Arabian Peninsula during the Prophet’s lifetime, carried forth by Companions who had learned its verses, and received their teaching commissions, directly from the Prophet (saw) himself. The vast number of huffaaz stands testament to his success.

[Taken from “The History Of The Quraanic Text From revelation To Compilation, A Comparative Study With The Old And New Testaments” by M. M. Al-Azami, Pp. 63-66]


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