Venerating Graves Is Haraam, By Ibn Hajar Al-Makkee Ash-Shaafi’ee


Ibn Hajar Al-Makkee Al-Haytamee Ash-Shaafi’ee said:

“The 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th and 19th major sin is to take graves as masjids, to place seats on them, to take them as idols, to make tawaaf around them and to pray to them.”

He also said:

“All of these six from the major sins are found with the statements of some Shaafi’ee scholars and it is as if these (major sins) are taken from the hadeeth, for the issue of taking a grave as a masjid for example is clear because he, meaning the Prophet (saw), cursed whoever does that and he (saw) viewed the one who does that at graves to be of the worst of creation with Allaah (swt) on the day of Judgement…

Our companions (from the Shaafi’ee madhdhab) say: it is haraam to pray to te graves of the Prophets and awliyaa, such as praying on them, tabarruk (seeking blessings) and glorifying them. The status of this action is that it is a manifest major sin… Such as placing seats on graves out of glorification, seeking blessings (tabarruk) from them and likewise making tawaaf around graves…”

He then goes on to mention:

“The worst of the prohibited actions and the means to shirk is to pray by it (the grave), take the masjid as a grave or build over it (1). The ‘ulamaa do not permit this and it has been reported abundantly from the prophet (saw) that there is a curse for whoever does these actions.

These graves have to be destroyed (2) along with the domes built over the graves as they are more harmful than Masjid Ad-Diraar as they were built upon disobedience to the Messenger (saw) because the Messenger (saw) forbade such things and instructed to destroy such graves and all candles or lights have to be removed from these graves (3) and it is not correct to stand by them or make vows at them.”

[Az-Zawaajir ‘An Iqtiraaf Al-Kabaa’ir, 1/195]

Footnotes:

(1) It is mentioned in Ibn Hajar’s explanation of “Al-Minjhaaj” and what has been abridged from it: “It is ‘considered haraam’ to plaster graves, build over them and write on them due to the three authentic prohibitions against doing this. This whether the name of the deceased or of someone else is written on it…

(2) Imaam An-Nawawee said: “It is ‘deemed as forbidden’ to plaster graves and to build and write on them even if the grave is found within a cemetery it should be destroyed.” [As-Siraaj Al-Wahhaaj, 1/114]

Al-Baghawee said: “It is ‘considered haraam’ ro place a sun-shade over a grave because ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (ra) saw a sunshade on a grave and instructed that it be removed.” [Al-Majmoo’, 5/266]

(3) Ar-Rifaa’ee stated in Sharh Al-Minhaaj: “…and the lighting of candles at graves is haraam whether one benefits from it or not.” [Fath Al-Majeed, p.213]

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