Archive for February, 2014

Have All The Hadeeth Survived Till This Day?

Posted in Hadith Studies with tags , , , , , , , on February 25, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Imaam Bukhaari states that he had memorised over 600,000 hadeeth from which he extracted about 7000 for his saheeh, (or about 2600 without repetition) [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Taareekh Baghdaad, 2/8]. Those with a sickness in their hearts, use this statement to say that there are so many saheeh ahaadeeth which have not survived to this day and age. Ash-Shaykh Muhammad Mustafa Al-Azami refutes such a claim by saying:

As for the problem of enormous numbers, every channel of transmition is counted as a separate hadeeth. ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee (d. 198) said: “I have 13 traditions from Al-Mugheerah transmitting from the Prophet (saw) concenrining “al-mash ‘alaa al-khuffayn.” ” It is quite obvious that Al-Mugheerah is reporting a single action of or habit of the Prophet. It does not matter how many times this action was repeated. It would be reported as a single action. As this single action is reported to ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee from 1 channels

The first four centuries of the hijrah were the golden age for the science of transmition and the number of transmitters grew tremendously.

Ibn Khuzaymah (d. 311) gives some 30 isnaads for one hadeeth in one chapter, concerning the single act of ‘Aa’ishah, for cleansing the cloth. Meanwhile it is obvious that there might have been many other channels of transmition which were unknown to him.

Muslim Ibn Hajjaaj (d. 261) cites the names of a number of transmitters,when he argues about certain points, especially when there is a mistake committed by some transmitters. For example, he gives 13 traditions concerning the single incident of Ibn ‘Abbaas and his tahajjud prayer. In the prayer he stood on the left side of the Prophet and then the Prophet pulled him to his right side. Yazeed Ibn Abee Ziyaad related on the authority of Kulaib, that Ibn ‘Abbaas stood on the right side of th Prophet, but he was placed on the left. On this occasion Muslim gives 13 isnaads – making 13 hadeeths – contradicting Yazeed’s statement. Further, he does not give the complete isnaad ad their full growth until his time. He mostly gives details of channels until about 130 AH> Had he given the complete comprehensive isnaad flourishing in his own time, they might have grown to 50 traditions at least.

There have been some traditionists who claim that they had every hadeeth from 100 channels, and many others who have written every hadeeth from 20 or 30 channels. So we may now infer what the real numbers of the traditions were which were described as 600,000.

Another point is that they were not purely traditions of the Prophet (saw), but the sayings of the Companions and the Successors and their legal decisions as well; the word “hadeeth” covers all these subjects and matters in some scholars’ terms…

Now it is clear that when traditionists give enormous numbers for the traditions, they mean channels and sources of their transmission, and so not man real numbers of hadeeth. But when they give small figures, saying: “Al-Zuhree has 1,000 hadeeth, or Al-Qaasim has 200 hadeeth” they most probably man hadeeth as a subject matter not counted according to its isnaad.

[“Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature”, by M. M. AlAzami; Suhail Academy; Lahore, Pakistan; Pp. 302-3]

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O Muslims Of The West, Behave! By Sh. Muqbil Ibn Haadee Al-Waadi’ee

Posted in Adab (Manners), Dawah Toolkit with tags , , , , , , on February 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

If we are compelled to go to a land of disbelief, we should fear Allaah with regards to our Islaam for indeed many Muslims that travel to America, Britain, Germany or one of the other disbelieving countries serves as barriers for some Christians, atheists and Jews (to embrace Islaam). They serve as obstacles between them and Islaam.

This is due to the fact that these Muslims do not practise Islaam (as it should be practised). A Muslim is prohibited from selling alcohol, but yet he sells it. He is prohibited from selling pork, but yet he sells its meat and so on. He is forbidden from doing many things, such as stealing and treachery, but yet he doesn’t act upon Islaam.

In fact, he may even have worse conduct than the Jews and Christians. So these kinds of people give Islaam a bad reputation, even though Islaam is free from them. This is even the case with us, even though we fall short in acting upon Islaam, Islaam is still Islaam – it is a proof against us and we are not a proof against it.

The comportment of the Muslims in these times has become an evil type os comportment. It is based on treachery. You will find that when a Muslim is entrusted with an item or is put in charge of some organization, that most of the time, he displays nothing but treachery and deceit, contrary to the enemies of Islaam, for they display good conduct for the sake of worldly reasons, not to mention trustworthiness…

So it is upon the Muslims to fear Allaah. Many people in Indonesia accepted Islaam as a result of good conduct. This was die to the good conduct and behaviour that they saw from the Muslims. For example, a Muslim would go from Hadramaut (in Yemen) to Indonesia for business purposes and they would see his good manners and thus accept Islaam because of that. And yet this man only travelled there for the purpose of conducting business.However they saw is good manners and dealings and embraced Islaam because of that.

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What The Shee’ah Say About Their Imaams

Posted in Shiasm Exposed with tags , , , , , , , on February 15, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Al-Khomenie said:

Indeed our Imaams have an exalted status, a lofty position and a natural caliphate to which all creation submits.” [Tahreer Al-Waseelah, by Al-Khomenie, p. 52]

He also said:

“The 12 Imaams have lofty positions with Allaah. No close Angel or beloved Prophet has reached that position.” [Tahreer Al-Waseelah, by Al-Khomenie, p. 94]

Al-Majlisi said:

“The 12 Imaams are greater and better than all prophets except for our Prophet Muhammad.” [Miraat Al-Uqool]

Knowledge Based Jihaad, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in 'Aqeedah, Biddah / Innovation, Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , on February 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

While speaking about some of the people of Rhetoric (Ahlul Kalaam) who deny Allaah’s Attributes, Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“How great a trial against Eemaan was this and its likes! And how great a crime this is against the sunnah and the Quraan! And how beloved to The Most Merciful in making jihaad against it with the heart, hand and tongue! And how heavy is the reward of that jihaad upon the scales.

Jihaad by way of knowledge-based arguments and the tongue takes precedence over jihaad by way of the sword and spears. This is why in the soorahs revealed in makkah, Allaah ordered this type of jihaad to be carried out in the form of warning and admonishing, such that there was no mention of jihaad by the hand. Allaah says:

So do not obey the disbelievers, and wage jihaad with the utmost strength against them with it (the Quraan).” [25:52]

So jihaad by way of knowledge and arguments is the jihaad of His Prophets, Messengers and the elite few amongst His servants particularized with guidance, success and bounty. And whoever dies without having fought or without having spoken to himself about fighting, he dies upon a branch of hypocrisy.”

[See the explanation of “Al-Qaseedah An-Nooniyyah” by Sh. Muhammad Khaleel Harraas, 1/8]

Tafseer Books Written By Our Salaf

Posted in Qur'an with tags , , , , , , on February 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Rufai Ibn Mihraan (d. 91) transmitted a lengthy book of commentary on the Quraan from Ubay Ibn Ka’b. [Adh-Dhahabee, Al-Tafseer Wal-Mufassiroon, 1/115]

Al-Dahhaak Ibn Muzaahim (40 – 105H) had a commentary on the Quraan. [Fihrist, 34]

Mujahid compiled a commentary on the Quraan which was copied out by many scholars. [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal, 1/44]

Rufaaf Ibn Mihraan (10BH – 90AH) wrote a commentary on the Quraan. [Al-Qaadhi Iyyaad, Sharh Al-Shifaa, 1/175]

Sa’eed Ibn Jubair Al-Asdi (46 – 95) compiled a commentary on the Quraan and used to write the hadeeth he heard from Ibn ‘Abbaas and Ibn Umar. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 7/199]

Qataadah Ibn Di’aamah Al-Sassoosee (61 – 117) compiled a commentary on the Quraan. [Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqaat, 7/33]

‘Abdul-Maalik Ibn ‘Abdul-Azeez Ibn Juraij (80-150) had a book titled “Kitaab Al-Tafseer”. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Taareekh Baghdaad, 8/237]

Daawood Ibn Abee Hind (75-139) wrote a commentary on the Quraan. [Fihrist, 33]

Al-Husain Ibn Waaqid Al-Marwazee (90 – 159) compiled a commentary on the Quraan. [Fihrist, 34]

Al-Hushaim Ibn Basheer Al-Waasitee (104-183) compiled many books, of them “Kitaab At-Tafseer”. [Fihrist, 228]

Ibraheem Ibn Tahmaan (100-163) compiled many books, of which was “Kitaab At-Tafseer”. [Fihrist, 228]

Isma’eel Ibn Ibraheem Al-Asadee (110-193) compiled a book titled “Kitaab At-Tafseer” among others. [Fihrist, 227]

Muqattil Ibn Sulaimaan (90-150) compiled many books as well as a commentary on the Quraan. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 10/279]

Sa’eed Ibn Abee ‘Arubah (80 – 156) wrote many books. Aong them was a commentary on the Quraan. Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal, 166]

Sa’eed Ibn Basheer Al-Azdi (79-168) was an author of many books, and compiled a commentary on the Quraan as well. [Adh-Dhahabee, Meezaan Al-‘Itidaal, 2/130]

Saalim Ibn ‘Ajlaan AlAftaas (70 – 132) had a commentary on the Quraan which the scholars praised. [Al-Azdee, Taareekh Al-Mawsil, 120]

Shaybaan Ibn ‘Abdul-Rahmaan Al-Tamimi (90 – 164) transmitted from Al-Hasan Al-Basree and had a commentary on the Quraan. [Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqaat, 7/79]

Za’eedah Ibn Qudaamah (100 – 160) was a compiler of many books. Among them was “Kitaab At-Tafseer”. Fihrist, 226]

[All quotes taken from “Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature” by M. M. Azami]

There Is No Excuse For Misguidance

Posted in Biddah / Innovation, Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , on February 1, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

The Prophet (saw) said:

… I have left you upon clear guidance. Its night is like its day. No one deviates from it after me except that he is destroyed.” (1)

‘Umar Ibn Abdil-‘Azeez said:

“There is no excuse for anyone, after the sunnah, to be misguided upon error which he thought was guidance.” (2)

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab said:

“There is no excuse for anyone going astray thinking that he is upon guidance. Nor for abandoning guidance thinking it to be misguidance, since the affairs have been made clear, the proof established and the excuse cut off.” (3)

Imaam Al-Barbahaaree comments on this quote saying:

“This is because the sunnah and the jamaa’ah have consolidated and safeguarded all of the Religion. It has been made clear to the people, so it is upon the people to comply and follow.” (4)

Footnotes:

(1) Ahmad, Ibn Maajah & Al-Haakim. See As-Saheehah 937.

(2) As-Sunnah of Al-Marwazee # 95.

(3) Reported by Ibn Battah in Al-Ibaanatul Kubraa (#162) by way of Al-Awzaa’ee. However, its chain is munqati’ (disconnected).

(4)  Sharh As-Sunah, of Imaam Al-barbahaaree, #4.