Archive for September, 2014

Refuting The People Of Innovation, By Ibn Taymiyyah

Posted in Biddah / Innovation with tags , , , , , , on September 29, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“The one who refutes the people of innovation is a Mujaahid. This is such that Yahyaa Ibn Yahyaa used to say, ‘Defending the Sunnah s more virtuous than fighting in Jihaad.‘ ” [Naqd Al-Mantiq, p.12]

Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah also said:

“So whoever is a Mujaahid in the way of Allaah, by way of his tongue, then it is through commanding good and forbidding evil, explaining the religion, conveying the commands, prohibitions and good that is found in the Quraan and Sunnah, clarifying the views that contradict that, and refuting those who oppose the Quraan and the Sunnah. Or it could be by way of the hand, such as by fighting against the disbelievers.

So if he is harmed during his Jihaad by the hand or tongue of another, then his reward for that is upon Allaah. And he should not seek to return the injustice that was caused to him by the oppressor. rather is this oppressor repents and accepts the truth due to which Jihaad was made against him (in the first place), then his repentance serves to wipe away what (sin) was in the past.

Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief), their past (sins) will be forgiven. But if they return (to disbelief), then the examples of those (punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning).” [8:38]

And if he doesn’t repent and instead continues to oppose the Quraan and the Sunnah, then he is an opponent of Allaah and His Messengers. The believers have a right that is subordinate to the right of Allaah. So when this person gets punished, it is due to the right of Allaah, so that Allaah’s Word can be the highest and so that all of the religion (worship_ can be for Allaah – it is not just done for the sake of retribution.” [Al-Ihtijaaj Bil-Qadar, p.50]

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Orientalists & Hadeeth Origin

Posted in Hadith Studies with tags , , , , , , on September 24, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

The Orientalist Schacht claims that hadeeth were all fabricated by the companions and successors whenever they saw a good practise in the lands they conquered. He says: “Mutilation as a punishment for coin clippers and counterfeiters is advocated by spurious “hadeeths” quoted in Baladhooree. R.S. Lopez in Byzantine, 16/445 ff, has suggested a Byzantine origin. If this is correct, it would be a case of proposed adoption of a judicial practice which existed in the conquered territories.” [Foreign Elements, 14]

Ash-Shaykh M. M. Al-Azami replies to this by stating: “In Baladhooree, there are references to the practice of Marwaan and Abaan Ibn ‘Uthmaan who punished coin-clippers by flogging or chopping off the hand. But there is no hadeeth; neither spurious nor authentic. Thus his statement is wrong.

Further, if they punished, and Romans also used to punish this crime, then to claim that it might have been taken from them is ridiculous. It is doubtful whether any government would reward the coin-clippers for their “fine-art” and “handskill”. It is quite normal that every government would punish them.” [Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature, p. 267]

Running Away From The Battlefield, By Ibn Al-‘Arabi

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , on September 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

Regarding the statement of Allaah:

O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in a battle-field, never turn your backs to them. And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!” [8:15-16]

Ibn Al-‘Arabi said:

“People (i.e, the scholars) have disputed whether the running away in flight applies only to the Battle of Badr or to all battles Muslims may fight at any time until the day of judgement. Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree reports that this order applies only to the battle of Badr, when the Muslims had no other company or troop other than Allaah’s Messenger. This view is supported by Naafi’, al-Hasan, Qataadah, Yazeed Ibn Habeeb and Al-Dahhaak.

Ibn ‘Abbaas and all other scholars are of the view that this Quranic verse applies at all times until the day of judgement. Those who have taken a different view, saying that it applies to Badr only have misinterpreted the statement, “Anyone who turns his back on them that day,” [8:16] making the phrase ‘on that day’ a reference to the battle of Badr only. But this is not so. It refers to the day of battle whenever a battle takes place.

In evidence we take the fact that this Quranic verse was revealed after the battle of Badr was over with all that it involved. The Prophet is authentically quoted to list fleeing from battle as one of the worst major sins. In itself, this hadeeth should settle all disputes and make the ruling absolutely clear. We have clarified how the confusion arose that led some scholars to think that it applied to Badr only.”

[Ahkaam Al-Quraan, by Ibn Al-‘Arabi, 2/843-844]

The Importance of Acting Upon Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on September 17, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

“The Lord of Honor would reveal the Quraan one, two, or three verses at a time and would require them to act upon those verses. The Companions of the Messenger of Allaah would take one, two, or three verses – never more than ten at a time – and then go act on them. They would then come back, learn some more, and go act on what they learned. As Ibn Mas’ood said, “We learned knowledge and action with the Quraan.”

Therefore, it is very dangerous for you to have a lot of knowledge while having only a modest level of action. The one who hears you thinks to himself “MaashaaAllaah!” He hears you talking about this verse from the Quraan, this hadeeth, the hadeeth being authentic, the hadeeth being weak, ‘aqeedah, Islamic history, the khulafaa’, ‘Umar said this, Abu Bakr said that – may Allaah be pleased with them all. However, you are ten centimeters when it comes to action, and when it comes to knowledge you are over three meters. There is no balance! This is a disease.

Having a lot of knowledge without action is a disease just like having a lot of action without knowledge.”

[At-Tarbiyyah Al-Jihaadiyyah Wal-Bina, by Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam, 3/182-183]

Having Patience While Giving Da’wah

Posted in Dawah Toolkit with tags , , , , , , on September 14, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

The young male and female Muslim who take up the duty of calling others to Islaam are subject to ridicule, harassment and derision – in pubic areas such as the marketplace and school, but even in their own homes. Many among the youth complain that their mothers and fathers are harsh with them, outwardly showing disdain for their religious zeal.

What is our position and attitude in the face of these difficulties? It is compulsory upon us to be patient and to bear hardship, all the while hoping for reward from Allaah (swt). Yet such difficulties should not prevent us from making da’wah to the way of Allaah (swt). Allaah sent Muhammad (saw) with guidance and the true religion, yet when he (saw) stood to call others to the truth, was he left alone to peacefully convey his message or was h harmed along the way? Were the Messengers sent before him left alone to peacefully convey the message of Islaam or were they harmed as well? Allaah said:

“Verily, (many) Messengers were denied before you (O Muhammad), but with patience they bore the denial, and they were hurt, till Our help, reached them.” [6:34]…

Some of the Prophet’s neighbours in Makkah would leave foul-smelling, impure filth at his doorstep, yet all along, he patiently endured the harm thy inflicted on him saying, “What kind of neighbourliness is this?” [Related by At-Tabaraanee in his Taareekh, 2/343]

In other words, “Why do you inflict harm upon me in this manner? How does your treatment of me reflect on your duties as a neighbour?”…

Along with being patient, should we continue to invite our families or should we become angry and observe silence? We should continue to invite them without loosing hope, and when we do invite them, we should deal with them gently and in a wise manner, without resorting to harshness or severity…

Know for sure that people do not become guided overnight, except for those whom Allaah (swt) exempts from this general principle. It is the way of Allaah that matters come to their completion gradually. The Prophet (saw) remained in Makkah for 13 years, inviting the people to Islaam, yet his da’wah still did not achieve complete success. Then he went and lived in Al-Madeenah, and in total, the Religion only became complete 23 years after the Prophet was sent.

Never delude yourself into thinking that people will change overnight. You must tread the path of da’wah with patience and with imperturbable determination…

Be patient and determined; i one does not change for the better today, he may do so tomorrow. In attempting to better the manners of your family, begin with easy matters an then move on gradually to the more difficult ones. By the Might of Allaah, I am confident that, if one is patient, determined and consistent in his da’wah, he will in the end succeed.

[The Islamic Awakening, by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, pp.54-57]

The Ruling On Isolating Oneself

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on September 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“Mingle with others in a good way but at the same time be strictly isolated because isolation safeguards you from having to deal with bad people and preserves your dignity….

Practice isolation for it is the basis of all good, and beware of bad companionship, and let the books and reading about the lives of our predecessors be your companions.”

[“Sincere Counsel To Students Of Sacred Knowledge” by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p.67 & 84]

A scholar was once asked:

“What do you say about the isolation of an ignorant person?”

And he replied:

“Insane calamity.”

Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee said:

“The ideal here is that a person does not neglect any duties he may have towards others even if they do not ask him to perform them, and that he does not get involved in falsehood that is not binding on him even if they invite him.

Indeed, whoever gets occupied with what does not concern him will miss out on what does concern him, and whoever gets busy with falsehood will become apathetic with the truth. So be with the people in good and stay away form their evil, and aim to be a witness who is like he wasn’t there ad a learned man who is like an ignoramus (1).” [Isolation, p.117-118]

Footnotes:

(1) Al-Hasan Al-Basree said, “If a man sits amongst people, and they perceive him to be ignorant, when in fact he is not ignorant, then this is truly the Muslim who possesses understanding (of the religion).” [An-Nisaa’ee, book of knowledge, #20]

Do Not Use Quraan And Hadeeth To Establish Your Authority

Posted in Marriage with tags , , , , , , , on September 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

It is very common for Muslim men to pointedly remind their wives about the Quraanic verses and hadeeths that declare their superiority and special rights over her, especially in the first few days after marriage. The most common reminders are (1) that the husband has the right to take up to our wives without his wife’s consent; (2) if prostration were permissible to anyone other than Allaah (swt), the Muslim woman would have been commanded to prostrate to her husband; (3) the husband has the exclusive right to verbally issue a divorce; and (4) he can call her for sexual intimacy at any inopportune time, or restrain her movement outside the house, or even stop her from visiting her close relatives.

The new bride might be callously reminded of these facets of her husband’s superiority the minute she admits to missing her family or asks for a visit to her parent’s home…

What impact doe this action – of reminding your wife of your superior rights or ruthlessly exercising them to proactively establish unilateral control – have on the innocent and well meaning Muslim girl who has come to your house? What will she think of you if you say and do such things to her?

In addition, what does such a behaviour on your part imply about you as a person? Definitely that you, as a man, are insecure, and that you are using your Islaamic rights in a feeble attempt to establish authority over her.

A man who is self-confident and righteous will never use this inappropriate method to try to control and dominate his wife. He is not insecure as her husband and does not think that the only way to ‘have her all to him’ is to trap her in his house, making her serve him all day like a personal valet.

Therefore a good Muslim husband should never remind his wife of his higher status, unless she persistently disobeys him or does actions that r forbidden by Allaah (swt). The bes way to make her obey is to let her have everything she wants – everything allowed by Islaam that is – and to focus on giving her, her rights, over and above what she deserves. She will then automatically become the devoted faithful and obedient wife that you want her to be.

[Traversing The Highs And Lows Of Muslim Marriage, by Sadaf Farooqi, Pp. 69-70]