Running Away From The Battlefield, By Sayyid Qutb
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Sayyid Qutb said:
“To flee from battle deserves such condemnation because of the magnitude of its serious consequences on the one hand, and because it has a bearing on the very question of having faith. A believer should be firm and resolute, able to resist any force on earth, since he believes that Allaah’s power can overcome all powers.
If a believer’s heart experiences a tremor at a moment of danger, such a tremor should not go as far as making him flee from battle. The moment of anyone’s death is determined by Allaah alone.
Hence, no believer may flee from battle fearing for his life. This should not constitute too much of a burden for anyone. A believer is a human being who encounters an enemy, who, in turn, is a human being. hence, they are of the same nature. The believer, however, has the advantage of relying on the overpowering might of Allaah Himself. Moreover, he is under Allaah’s care while he is alive, and he entrusts himself to Allaah’s care if he attains martyrdom.
This means that in all situations he is stronger than his enemy who defies Allaah and His Messenger. Hence this absolute ruling: “And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!”
[Fee Zhilaal Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/101]