The Unauthenticity Of The Narration About Bilal Visiting The Grave Of The Prophet (saw)
Regarding this story (click here) of bilal returning from shaam and doing the adhaan in madenah, then it has been declared unauthentic. Below is the verification of the hadeeth, declaring it unauthentic:
Haafiz Ibn AbdulHaadee (one of ibn taymiyyah foremost students) mentiones in “Saarim Al-Munki Fee Radd ‘alaa As-Subkee”:
This narration is not authentic. This narration has been narrated by Al-Haakim Aboo Ahmad Ibn Ahmad Ibn Ishaaq An-Nisaabooree Al-Haafiz in his “Juzz Khaamis” from his “Fawaa’id”, and from his way it has been narrated by ‘Asaakir in the mention of Bilaal, and it is a narration that is ghareeb (unknown) munkar (unauthentic and contradicting authentic reports) with an isnaad having inqitaa (disconnection) and majhool (unknown) narrators.
Muhammad Ibn Al-Fayd Al-Ghasaanee was alone in reporting it from Ibraheem ibn Muhammad Ibn Sulaymaan Ibn Bilaal from his father, from his grandfather.
Ibraheem ibn Muhammad is unknown, not knowing to be thiqah (upright) or having amaanah (trust), neither dabt (accuracy), nor adaalah (integrity), rather he is majhool (unknown). (1)
As for Muhammad Ibn Sulaymaan (his father who he narrates this narration from), then he is qaleel al-hadeeth (narrating few hadeeth). (2)
As for Sulaymaan Ibn Bilaal, then he is a man not famous, rather majhool al-haal and qalil ar-rawayah (unknown and narrating few narrations), and he did not become famous in holding knowledge and transmitting it. And none from the Imaams declared him to be thiqah (upright) as far as we know.
And we request the one taking this as a proof and basing on this narration; who declared him to be thiqah (trustworthy) among the Imaams? And (who) relied on his hadeeth among the Hufaaz (memorisers of hadeeth)? Or who praised him among the scholars until his narration can be based upon and one can rely on his report?
(1) Adh-Dhahabee said about him: “There is jahaalah (ignorance) in what is narrated from him by Muhammad Ibn Al-Fayd Al-Ghassaanee.” And Ibn Hajr mentions this incident in his lisaan and says: “This is a story clearly fabricated.”
(2) Aboo Haatim said of him, “Munkar al-hadeeth (abandoned in hadeeth).” See Taareekh Al-Kabeer 1/98