Archive for the Knowledge Category

Who Should A Student Of Knowledge Befriend

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , on February 1, 2017 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Jamaa’ah said:

“The student of knowledge should not mix except with either those he can benefit, or can benefit from. And if he is offered the friendship of one who will waste his time with him, will not benefit him, will not benefit from him, and will not assist him in reaching his objective, he should politely end the relationship from the start before it progresses to something deeper, as when something becomes established, it becomes more difficult to change it. There is a phrase that is constantly on the tongues of the Fuqahaa’, “Repelling something is easier than removing it.

So, if he requires someone to befriend, let that person be righteous, religious, pious, wary, intelligent, full of benefit, having little evil, good at complying, rarely conflicting, reminding him if he forgets, cooperating with him when he is reminded, helpful if he is in need, and comforting if he is in distress.”

[Tadhkirat As-Saami’ Wal-Mutakallim, p. 83]

The Salaf And Their Books

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on August 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Bashkuwaal describes ‘Abdal-Rahmaan Ibn Muhammad as saying: “He did not lend his original books, and if someone requested him persistently, then he used to give it to a scribe who copied it and revised it, then handed it to the borrower.” [Ibn Bashkuwaal, Al-Silaah, 299]

After the death of Muhammad Ibn Maslamah Al-Ansaaree (31BH – 46AH), a booklet was found attached to his sword containing hadeeth. [Raamhurmuzee, Al-Muhaddith, 56]

Daawood Ibn Nusair Al-Taa’ee (100-160) buried his books [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/187]

‘Abdullaah Ibn Luhi’ah (96 – 174) had books which got burnt. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/376]

Al-Sakan said: “I asked Ibraheem Ibn Muslim Al-Saa’igh to lend me a book and when he demanded a mortgage, I handed him a copy of the Quraan as a mortgage.” [Imlaa, 178]

Aboo Ishaaq Al-Sabee’ee complained that his grandson Isra’eel filled the house with books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Taareekh Bahgdaad, 7/22]

Shu’aib Ibn Abee Hamza (90 – 162) did not allow anyone to utilize his books, but on his deathbed he gave permission to two people to transmit these books on his authority. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 2/442]

Once, Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (97-161), being afraid of some trouble, hid his books in a cell. Later, when they were brought out, it was found that there were nine heaps of them each reaching in height to the chest of the man. [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 248]

Az-Zuhree (51 – 124H) collected books in quantity and used to spend his time with them, so much so, that his wife used to say: “I swear by Allaah, these books are harder for me to bear than three co-wives.” [Aboo Al-Fida, Taareekh, 1/204]

The Du’aat Are Not A Substitute For The Scholars, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , on July 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan said:

“The presence of ‘intellectuals’ and ‘passionate speakers’ are not a substitute for the scholars in the Ummah. Such people are only well-read individuals. They are not scholars with understanding. Therefore applying the term ‘scholars’ to them is applying a term in other than its proper place. Consideration is given to the facts and not to ascriptions. So many times you wil find people that have good speech and incite the masses, yet they do not possess (true) understanding (of the religion).

The thing that exposes these people is when an incident occurs due to which the people need to know the religious ruling for that matter, since (at this time) the speakers and zealots reveal the limitations of their understanding. It is at this point that the role of the scholars comes in.

So let us take note of this and give our scholars their right, acknowledge their status and virtue, and give everyone of them the position they deserve.”

[Wujoob At-Tathabbut Fil-Akhbaar Wa Ihtiraam Al-‘Ulamaa’, p.50]

Abu Hurayrah & His Collection Of Books

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on May 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

We are not sure whether he (Aboo Hurayrah) had any written collection of ahaadeeth in his early life, but mention is made in a later period of the books he had in his possession:

1) Hasan Ibn ‘Amr saw many books of ahaadeeth in Aboo Hurayrah’s possession. [Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Baaree, 1/217]

2) It is said that Basheer Ibn Naheek made his collection, copying he book of Aboo Hurayrah, bu the isnaad of this statement is somewhat defective.

The following derived hadeeth from him in written form:

1) ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Marwaan: He had almost all the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah in written form. [Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqaat, 7/157]

2) Aboo Saalih Al-Sammaan: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah and others. Al-A’mash wrote down 1000 hadeeth from him [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 80]; and Ibraheem An-Nakha’ee (d. 96H) made his collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth through Al-A’mash – Aboo Saalih – Aboo Hurayrah [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal 1/140]. It is not mentioned whether or not Aboo Saalih himself had any written collection, but his son Suhail had a written collection fro him. Therefore, most probably Aboo Saalih had a written collection from Aboo Hurayrah.

3) ‘Aqbah Ibn Aboo Al-Hasnaa: He transmitted a book from Aboo Hurayrah. A copy of this book was in the possession of Adh-Dhahabee. [Adh-Dhahabee, Meezaan Al-‘Itidaal, 3/85]

4) Basheer Ibn Naheek: He made his collection from Aboo Hurayrah, and presented the book to him and even obtained Aboo Hurayrah’s permission to transmit it. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 1/470]

5) Hammaam Ibn Munabbih: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah a saheefah (book) which has been edited and published.

6) Marwaan Ibn Hakam: He made a collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth. It was copied by Aboo Al-Za’zaa. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa, 2/431]

7) Muhammad Ibn Sireen: The book was written on an old parchment… This book was in the possession of Yahyaa Ibn Sireen, because in his later days Muhammad Ibn Sireen did not like to have any sort of books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami’ 56b]

8) Sa’eed Al Maqburee: Muhammad Ibn ‘Ajlaan had the book of Sa’eed which he had compiled from Aboo Hurayrah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 9/342]

9) ‘UbaydAllaah Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mauhab Al-Taimee: His son related a book from him most of which consisted of defective hadeeth. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 11/254]

Other students of Aboo Hurayrah who wrote down hadeeth (not necessarily from Aboo Hurayrah) include:

1) ‘Abdullaah Ibn Hurmuz. [Hanbal, 2/531]

2) ‘Abdul-Rahmaan Ibn Hurmuz Al-A’raj (40 – 117). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/291]

3) ‘Awn Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Utbah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 8/173]

4) Habeeb Ibn Saalim Al-Ansaaree (40 – 110).Hanbal, 4/273]

5) Muhammad Ibn Ziyaad Al-Qurashi (35 – 120). [Ma’rifah, 164]

6) Saalih Ibn Nabhaan (40 – 125). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 4/406]

7) Yazeed Ibn Abee Habeeb (53 – 128). [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal, 142b]

8) Zayd Ibn Aslam – Client of Ibn ‘Umar (40 – 136). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/396 & 7/8]

[Taken from “Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature”, by M. M. Al-Azami, Suhail Academy, Lahore, Pakistan, 2001. Pp. 37-38, 60, 76, 81, 82, 95, 100, 105 & 106]

The Importance Of Having More Than One Shaykh

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , on April 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ayyoob said: “If one wants to know the mistake of his teacher he ought to frequent other teachers as well.” [Daarimee, 1/153]

Ibn Al-Mubaarak said: “To reach an authentic statement, one needs to compare the words of scholars which each other.” [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami, 193]

When Ibn Uyaynah delivered his lectures on hadeeth, he was questioned by students whenever he differed from his colleague (Imaam) Maalik. [Humaidee, 226, 238, 281, 934]

The Superiority Of The Understanding Of The Companions, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on February 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“If we compare our understanding to theirs (the companions), there is no doubt that they were more sincere at heart, had deeper knowledge, were more straightforward and were more likely to understand the text correctly than we can do, because Allaah (swt) blessed them with smarter minds, more eloquence, deeper knowledge, a more straightforward approach to the text, proper and quick understanding, little or no impact from other influences, good intentions and fear of the Lord.

The Arabic language came naturally to them, and the correct meanings and concepts were instilled in their hearts and minds. They had no need to examine the chains of narrations and background of the narrators to see if there were any faults in the hadeeth or to assess the quality of the narrators or to examine the fundamentals of the branches of knowledge and the different views of the experts on the principles of Islamic law. They had no need of all of that. For them there were only two steps to follow: (a) Allaah (swt) said such and such, and His Messenger said such and such. (b) What it means is such and such.

They were the most capable of people to go through these two steps easily, and they were the most qualified because all of their energy, knowledge and quality was focused on these two things only.

In comparison, the energies and focus of the later scholars were scattered. Studying the Arabic language and matters connected to it took up a great deal of their intellectual efforts. Understanding the fundamentals of different branches of knowledge took up further efforts, and knowledge of the chains of narration and the backgrounds of the narrators took up even more, as did their focus on examining the books of the shaykhs from whom they were learning, of whom there were many, and what the meant (in their books and in what they said), and so on.

When they reached the point, after all this effort, of seeing to understand the texts with hearts and minds that were exhausted from examining everything that came before they were in a position to examine the text, and after that they had expended their energy in studying things other than the text, then they would understand the text and what it meant with whatever was left of their energy.”

[I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een, 4/149]

O Bearers Of Knowledge…

Posted in Knowledge on November 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O bearers of knowledge, act upon it, for the knowledgeable one is the one who acts on what he knows an whose actions and knowledge are in harmony.

There will be people who acquire knowledge, but it does not go any deeper than their collar bones; how they are inwardly will be contrary to how they appear to be, and their actions will differ from their knowledge.

They will lead study circles and compete with one another to the extent that one will get angry with a person in his circle if he leaves him to go and sit with someone else. Those people’s actions do not ascend from their gatherings to Allaah (swt).”

[Sunan Ad-Daarimee, 1/106]