Archive for the Knowledge Category

Who Should A Student Of Knowledge Befriend

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , on February 1, 2017 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Jamaa’ah said:

“The student of knowledge should not mix except with either those he can benefit, or can benefit from. And if he is offered the friendship of one who will waste his time with him, will not benefit him, will not benefit from him, and will not assist him in reaching his objective, he should politely end the relationship from the start before it progresses to something deeper, as when something becomes established, it becomes more difficult to change it. There is a phrase that is constantly on the tongues of the Fuqahaa’, “Repelling something is easier than removing it.

So, if he requires someone to befriend, let that person be righteous, religious, pious, wary, intelligent, full of benefit, having little evil, good at complying, rarely conflicting, reminding him if he forgets, cooperating with him when he is reminded, helpful if he is in need, and comforting if he is in distress.”

[Tadhkirat As-Saami’ Wal-Mutakallim, p. 83]

The Salaf And Their Books

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on August 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Bashkuwaal describes ‘Abdal-Rahmaan Ibn Muhammad as saying: “He did not lend his original books, and if someone requested him persistently, then he used to give it to a scribe who copied it and revised it, then handed it to the borrower.” [Ibn Bashkuwaal, Al-Silaah, 299]

After the death of Muhammad Ibn Maslamah Al-Ansaaree (31BH – 46AH), a booklet was found attached to his sword containing hadeeth. [Raamhurmuzee, Al-Muhaddith, 56]

Daawood Ibn Nusair Al-Taa’ee (100-160) buried his books [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/187]

‘Abdullaah Ibn Luhi’ah (96 – 174) had books which got burnt. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/376]

Al-Sakan said: “I asked Ibraheem Ibn Muslim Al-Saa’igh to lend me a book and when he demanded a mortgage, I handed him a copy of the Quraan as a mortgage.” [Imlaa, 178]

Aboo Ishaaq Al-Sabee’ee complained that his grandson Isra’eel filled the house with books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Taareekh Bahgdaad, 7/22]

Shu’aib Ibn Abee Hamza (90 – 162) did not allow anyone to utilize his books, but on his deathbed he gave permission to two people to transmit these books on his authority. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 2/442]

Once, Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (97-161), being afraid of some trouble, hid his books in a cell. Later, when they were brought out, it was found that there were nine heaps of them each reaching in height to the chest of the man. [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 248]

Az-Zuhree (51 – 124H) collected books in quantity and used to spend his time with them, so much so, that his wife used to say: “I swear by Allaah, these books are harder for me to bear than three co-wives.” [Aboo Al-Fida, Taareekh, 1/204]

The Du’aat Are Not A Substitute For The Scholars, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , on July 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan said:

“The presence of ‘intellectuals’ and ‘passionate speakers’ are not a substitute for the scholars in the Ummah. Such people are only well-read individuals. They are not scholars with understanding. Therefore applying the term ‘scholars’ to them is applying a term in other than its proper place. Consideration is given to the facts and not to ascriptions. So many times you wil find people that have good speech and incite the masses, yet they do not possess (true) understanding (of the religion).

The thing that exposes these people is when an incident occurs due to which the people need to know the religious ruling for that matter, since (at this time) the speakers and zealots reveal the limitations of their understanding. It is at this point that the role of the scholars comes in.

So let us take note of this and give our scholars their right, acknowledge their status and virtue, and give everyone of them the position they deserve.”

[Wujoob At-Tathabbut Fil-Akhbaar Wa Ihtiraam Al-‘Ulamaa’, p.50]

Abu Hurayrah & His Collection Of Books

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on May 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

We are not sure whether he (Aboo Hurayrah) had any written collection of ahaadeeth in his early life, but mention is made in a later period of the books he had in his possession:

1) Hasan Ibn ‘Amr saw many books of ahaadeeth in Aboo Hurayrah’s possession. [Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Baaree, 1/217]

2) It is said that Basheer Ibn Naheek made his collection, copying he book of Aboo Hurayrah, bu the isnaad of this statement is somewhat defective.

The following derived hadeeth from him in written form:

1) ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Marwaan: He had almost all the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah in written form. [Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqaat, 7/157]

2) Aboo Saalih Al-Sammaan: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah and others. Al-A’mash wrote down 1000 hadeeth from him [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 80]; and Ibraheem An-Nakha’ee (d. 96H) made his collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth through Al-A’mash – Aboo Saalih – Aboo Hurayrah [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal 1/140]. It is not mentioned whether or not Aboo Saalih himself had any written collection, but his son Suhail had a written collection fro him. Therefore, most probably Aboo Saalih had a written collection from Aboo Hurayrah.

3) ‘Aqbah Ibn Aboo Al-Hasnaa: He transmitted a book from Aboo Hurayrah. A copy of this book was in the possession of Adh-Dhahabee. [Adh-Dhahabee, Meezaan Al-‘Itidaal, 3/85]

4) Basheer Ibn Naheek: He made his collection from Aboo Hurayrah, and presented the book to him and even obtained Aboo Hurayrah’s permission to transmit it. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 1/470]

5) Hammaam Ibn Munabbih: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah a saheefah (book) which has been edited and published.

6) Marwaan Ibn Hakam: He made a collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth. It was copied by Aboo Al-Za’zaa. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa, 2/431]

7) Muhammad Ibn Sireen: The book was written on an old parchment… This book was in the possession of Yahyaa Ibn Sireen, because in his later days Muhammad Ibn Sireen did not like to have any sort of books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami’ 56b]

8) Sa’eed Al Maqburee: Muhammad Ibn ‘Ajlaan had the book of Sa’eed which he had compiled from Aboo Hurayrah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 9/342]

9) ‘UbaydAllaah Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mauhab Al-Taimee: His son related a book from him most of which consisted of defective hadeeth. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 11/254]

Other students of Aboo Hurayrah who wrote down hadeeth (not necessarily from Aboo Hurayrah) include:

1) ‘Abdullaah Ibn Hurmuz. [Hanbal, 2/531]

2) ‘Abdul-Rahmaan Ibn Hurmuz Al-A’raj (40 – 117). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/291]

3) ‘Awn Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Utbah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 8/173]

4) Habeeb Ibn Saalim Al-Ansaaree (40 – 110).Hanbal, 4/273]

5) Muhammad Ibn Ziyaad Al-Qurashi (35 – 120). [Ma’rifah, 164]

6) Saalih Ibn Nabhaan (40 – 125). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 4/406]

7) Yazeed Ibn Abee Habeeb (53 – 128). [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal, 142b]

8) Zayd Ibn Aslam – Client of Ibn ‘Umar (40 – 136). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/396 & 7/8]

[Taken from “Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature”, by M. M. Al-Azami, Suhail Academy, Lahore, Pakistan, 2001. Pp. 37-38, 60, 76, 81, 82, 95, 100, 105 & 106]

The Importance Of Having More Than One Shaykh

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , on April 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ayyoob said: “If one wants to know the mistake of his teacher he ought to frequent other teachers as well.” [Daarimee, 1/153]

Ibn Al-Mubaarak said: “To reach an authentic statement, one needs to compare the words of scholars which each other.” [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami, 193]

When Ibn Uyaynah delivered his lectures on hadeeth, he was questioned by students whenever he differed from his colleague (Imaam) Maalik. [Humaidee, 226, 238, 281, 934]

The Superiority Of The Understanding Of The Companions, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on February 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“If we compare our understanding to theirs (the companions), there is no doubt that they were more sincere at heart, had deeper knowledge, were more straightforward and were more likely to understand the text correctly than we can do, because Allaah (swt) blessed them with smarter minds, more eloquence, deeper knowledge, a more straightforward approach to the text, proper and quick understanding, little or no impact from other influences, good intentions and fear of the Lord.

The Arabic language came naturally to them, and the correct meanings and concepts were instilled in their hearts and minds. They had no need to examine the chains of narrations and background of the narrators to see if there were any faults in the hadeeth or to assess the quality of the narrators or to examine the fundamentals of the branches of knowledge and the different views of the experts on the principles of Islamic law. They had no need of all of that. For them there were only two steps to follow: (a) Allaah (swt) said such and such, and His Messenger said such and such. (b) What it means is such and such.

They were the most capable of people to go through these two steps easily, and they were the most qualified because all of their energy, knowledge and quality was focused on these two things only.

In comparison, the energies and focus of the later scholars were scattered. Studying the Arabic language and matters connected to it took up a great deal of their intellectual efforts. Understanding the fundamentals of different branches of knowledge took up further efforts, and knowledge of the chains of narration and the backgrounds of the narrators took up even more, as did their focus on examining the books of the shaykhs from whom they were learning, of whom there were many, and what the meant (in their books and in what they said), and so on.

When they reached the point, after all this effort, of seeing to understand the texts with hearts and minds that were exhausted from examining everything that came before they were in a position to examine the text, and after that they had expended their energy in studying things other than the text, then they would understand the text and what it meant with whatever was left of their energy.”

[I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een, 4/149]

O Bearers Of Knowledge…

Posted in Knowledge on November 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O bearers of knowledge, act upon it, for the knowledgeable one is the one who acts on what he knows an whose actions and knowledge are in harmony.

There will be people who acquire knowledge, but it does not go any deeper than their collar bones; how they are inwardly will be contrary to how they appear to be, and their actions will differ from their knowledge.

They will lead study circles and compete with one another to the extent that one will get angry with a person in his circle if he leaves him to go and sit with someone else. Those people’s actions do not ascend from their gatherings to Allaah (swt).”

[Sunan Ad-Daarimee, 1/106]

How The Orientalists Plot Against Islaam

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge, Miscellaneous, Politics with tags , , , , , on August 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Some Muslims have been deceived by the guise of ‘scholarly research’, which the enemies of Islaam use as a front for their nefarious activities… It is clear that some Muslims have become ensnared in their traps for one of four reasons:

1) They are ignorant of the realities of our Islamic heritage as well as of its pure sources and pristine teachings.

2) They have been deceived by the ‘scholarly research’ that the enemies of Islaam claim for themselves.

3) They desire fame, wanting to give the appearance of free and libertarian thought, after having freed themselves from the shackles of blind following, which they attribute to Islaam.

4) They are driven by deviation and desire and find no way to express their feelings except by hiding behind the shield of Orientalists and misguided Western authors who write about Islaam. [p. 36]

Those who conspire against Islaam have varied in their methods and in the execution of those methods over the centuries. When Muslims were strong, their attack took the form of intellectual and cultural invasion. When the muslims were weak, their attack took the form of military warfare, the goal of which was to annihilate all Muslims. If war did not produce fruitful results, they would resort to deception, intellectual as well as cultural warfare. Within the boundaries of Islamic territory, they would infiltrate the ranks of Muslims, disseminating morals and ideas that were contrary to the basic tenets of Islaam. [p. 475]

At the university of Edinburgh, the orientalist who was the Dean of the faculty of Islamic Studies was a Christian priest. And the Dean of Arabic Studies in Glasgow was also a priest who has been a missionary in Palestine for almost twenty years. In Oxford, the Dean of Islamic Studies was a Jew who previously worked for the British Secret Service in Libya during the second world war. [p. 44]

They (these ignorant Muslims)  hastened to accept and take from Orientalist books, being deceived into thinking that their knowledge was vast, and moreover, being deceived into thinking that they only spoke the truth. They felt that Orientalists followed a precise set of principles in their ‘scholarly research’, from which they never deviated. And this is how some Muslims came to trust the research and studies carried out by Orientalists. [p.52]

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True Knowledge Is What Leads To The Fear Of Allaah

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , on July 1, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Allaah says:

… It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah…” [35:28]

Ibn Katheer said:

“The only ones who truly fear Allaah are the scholars – those who are knowledgeable about Him. This is because every time one’s knowledge and awareness of The Most Great, The All-Able, The All-Knowing, The One ascribed with Perfect Attributes and described by Perfect Names becomes complete and whole, one’s fear of Him becomes greater and increased.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 3/553]

Al-Bayhaqee said:

“Allaah clarifies that (true) fear of Him can only be achieved through knowledge.” [Shu’ab Al-Eemaan, 5/323]

A man said to Ash-Sha’abee:

“Who is a scholar?”

He replied:

“The scholar is the one who has fear of Allaah.”

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood said:

“Knowledge is sufficiency for the fear of Allaah and ignorance is a sufficiency for delusion and being mislead.” [Az-Zuhd of Ibn Mubaarak, p.15]

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood also said:

“Knowledge is not obtaining an abundance of hadeeth, but rather knowledge is obtaining khashyah (fear of Allaah).” [Al-Hilyah, 1/131]

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood said:

“It is sufficient amount of knowledge for a person that he has fear of Allaah and it is sufficient amount of ignorance for a person that he is amazed by his knowledge.” [Ad-Daarimee, 1/346]

‘Abdul A’laa At-Taymee said:

“Whoever is given knowledge and it does not cause him to weep, then it is appropriate (to say) that he has not been given knowledge that benefits him…” [Ad-Daarimee, 299]

‘Abdullaah Ibn AhmAd Ibn Hanbal said to his father:

“Did Ma’roof have any knowledge?”

Imaam Ahmad replied:

“My son, he had the basis of all knowledge and that is the fear of Allaah.” [Siyar Al-A’laam An-Nubulaa’, 1/339]

Hudhaifah (ra) said:

It is sufficient knowledge for a man that he fears Allaah. And it is a sufficient lie that he says, ‘I seek forgiveness and repent to Him,‘ yet he goes back to doing it.” [Kitaab Al-‘Ilm, of An-Nisaa’ee #14]

Knowledge Or Voluntary Action? By Ibn Rajab

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , on June 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Rajab said:

“The scholars have differed concerning this issue. Which one is better, studying sacred knowledge or performing voluntary prayers and reciting the Quraan and words of remembrance? Knowledge is better for him who studies sincerely for Allaah’s sake and has a good and clear mind. However, this should still be joined with a good amount of prayers and worship. If you find him to be a serious student but notice that he’s lacking in his worship, it is a lazy and worthless person you’re dealing with, and this person is not truthful when he says his intentions are good.

As for when one studies hadeeth and fiqh simply as an intellectual pursuit, worship is better in such a case. In fact, the difference between the two is like the difference between the normative and superlative. This is a general categorization, and by Allaah, I have only seen a few who are sincere in seeking this knowledge.”

[Ibn rajabs explanation to Aboo Ad-dardaa’s hadeeth, p.96]

Respecting The Scholars

Posted in Adab (Manners), Knowledge with tags , , , , on May 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

NOTE: The reference to ‘scholars’ here refers to those who are upon the haqq, who do not fear the blame of the blamers, who speak the haqq even if it lands them in prison. Likewise the reference to ‘rulers’ refers to those who implement the Law of Allaah without ‘abrogating’ it for man made laws. Those rulers who worship the Kuffaar and do not implement the Shariah are not to be respected.

Ayyoob Ibn Al-Quryah said:

“The people that have the most right to be honored are three: (1) The scholars, (2) the brothers, (3) and the rulers. Therefore whoever has disdain and belittles the scholars has corrupted his manhood. Whoever has disdain and belittles the rulers has corrupted his present life, and the intelligent does not have disdain and belittle anyone.”

[Jaami Bayaan Al-‘Ilm Wa Fadhlihi, 1/46]

Taawoos Ibn Kaysaan said:

“It is from the sunnah to respect four types of people: (1) the scholar, (2) the elder, (3) the ruler, (4) and the father.”

[Musannaf of ‘Abdur-Razaaq, 11/137]

Ash-Sha’abee said:

“Once Zayd Ibn Thaabit led the prayer and then a camel was brought for him to ride. So Ibn ‘Abbaas came and took hold of the camel’s mount (for him to ascend). At this, Zayd told him, ‘Leave it alone, O son of the Messenger of Allaah’s uncle (i.e. cousin).

So Ibn ‘Abbaas replied, ‘This is how we treat the scholars and elders.‘ “

[Majma’ Az-Zawaa’id, 9/345]