Archive for the Methodology Of The Salaf Category

Following The Way Of The Companions

Posted in Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , on March 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ash-Shaatibee said: “The early generation (as-Salaf) was the most knowledgeable about the meanings of the Quraan.” [Al-Muwaafaqaat, 3/409]

Ash-Shaatibee said: “They (the Companions) are the example to follow with regards to the way in which shariah and its aims and goals are to be understood.” [Al-Muwaafaqaat, 4/130]

Hudhayfah Ibn Al-Yamaan (ra) said: “O people, follow the path of those who came before you, for by Allaah (swt), if you follow their path, then indeed you will succeed tremendously, but if you drift away from it, right or left, you will be greatly misguided.” [Hilyat Al-Awliyaa’, 10/280]

Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee said: “So long as there is evidence in the Quraan and Sunnah, then the excuse for not following them is invalid. If we find no evidence there, then we turn to the opinions of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah (saw) or of one of them.” [Al-Umm, 7/265]

Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee said: “You have no right to give an opinion unless you base it on a reference point or a valid analogy, and the reference point is the Quraan or Sunnah, the words of one of the companions of the Messenger (saw), or the consensus of the people.” [Manaaqib Ash-Shaafi’ee, 367]

Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal said: “Whatever comes from the Prophet (saw) and his companions, follow it. Then with regards to those who come after them (the taabi’oon), the matter is broad in scope.” [Masaa’il Al-Imaam Ahmad, by Aboo Daawood, p. 276]

The Superiority Of The Understanding Of The Companions, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on February 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“If we compare our understanding to theirs (the companions), there is no doubt that they were more sincere at heart, had deeper knowledge, were more straightforward and were more likely to understand the text correctly than we can do, because Allaah (swt) blessed them with smarter minds, more eloquence, deeper knowledge, a more straightforward approach to the text, proper and quick understanding, little or no impact from other influences, good intentions and fear of the Lord.

The Arabic language came naturally to them, and the correct meanings and concepts were instilled in their hearts and minds. They had no need to examine the chains of narrations and background of the narrators to see if there were any faults in the hadeeth or to assess the quality of the narrators or to examine the fundamentals of the branches of knowledge and the different views of the experts on the principles of Islamic law. They had no need of all of that. For them there were only two steps to follow: (a) Allaah (swt) said such and such, and His Messenger said such and such. (b) What it means is such and such.

They were the most capable of people to go through these two steps easily, and they were the most qualified because all of their energy, knowledge and quality was focused on these two things only.

In comparison, the energies and focus of the later scholars were scattered. Studying the Arabic language and matters connected to it took up a great deal of their intellectual efforts. Understanding the fundamentals of different branches of knowledge took up further efforts, and knowledge of the chains of narration and the backgrounds of the narrators took up even more, as did their focus on examining the books of the shaykhs from whom they were learning, of whom there were many, and what the meant (in their books and in what they said), and so on.

When they reached the point, after all this effort, of seeing to understand the texts with hearts and minds that were exhausted from examining everything that came before they were in a position to examine the text, and after that they had expended their energy in studying things other than the text, then they would understand the text and what it meant with whatever was left of their energy.”

[I’laam Al-Muwaqqi’een, 4/149]

Worshipping Allaah In Makkah And Madeenah

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on March 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyyaad was a famous sholar and zaahid who was known for his sincere worship and devotion to Allaah at the two Holy Mosques, Malkah and Madeenah.

The Mujaahid, ‘Abdullaah Ibn Al-Mubaarak made Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyyaad cry by telling him:

“O Worshipper of the two Holy Mosques, if you were to see us,
You would surely know that you are only playing with worship.
(While you) decorate your cheeks with his tears,
We decorate our throats with our blood.”

[Mentioned by ibn Katheer in his Tafseer from Haafidh Ibn ‘Asaakir’s biography of ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mubaarak, by way of Muhammad Ibn Ibraheem Ibn Abee Sukaynah, who reported that in the year 170AH he was sent with these words to the city of Tartus (in Palestine, where the Muslims were engaged in Jihaad against the Byzantines), to Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyyaad calling people to fight on the cause of Allaah.]

How Az-Zubayr Used To Name His Children

Posted in Brothers Base, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous, Parenting with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 1, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Due to Az-Zubayr’s deep love of martyrdom, he named his sons after martyred Companions.

Hishaam Ibn ‘Urwah narrated that his father said that Az-Zubayr said:

Talhah named his sons after Prophets when he learned that there would be no Prophet after Muhammad (saw). But I named my children after martyrs, in the hope that they will attain martyrdom:

Abdullah after Abdullah Ibn Jahsh, Al-Mundhir after Al-Mundhir Ibn ‘Amr, ‘Urwah after ‘Urwah Ibn Mas’ood, Hamzah after Hamzah, Ja’far after Ja’far Ibn Abee Taalib, Mus’ab after Mus’ab Ibn ‘Umayr, ‘Ubaydah after ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Haarith, Khaalid after Khaalid Ibn Sa’eed and ‘Amr after ‘Amr Ibn Sa’eed Ibn Al-‘Aas, who was killed at Yarmook.

[At-Tabaqaat, 3/101]

Four Causes Of Disunity Among The Ummah, Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Posted in Brothers Base, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , on August 25, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

1) Imported Methodologies

If we discard the methodology which our pious predecessors were upon and seek to introduce methodologies from here and there, we will become divided and every group will have its own methodology which differs from the others and every group will claim the others are mistaken.

2) Listening To Liars And Their Likes

Secondly, from the causes of separation and differing is listening to liars and slanderers, and to the false rumours and propagation which the weak in faith, hypocrites and biased ones propagate from within, those who do not want us to be united upon a single faith and religion. This is why it is compulsory upon us to verify narrations an to not make haste, as Allaah (swt) had ordered us to verify narrations (see Quraan 49:6).

3) Finding Fault With Muslims And Having Evil Suspicion

Thirdly, finding fault with the Muslim who has not committed a sin is impermissible and evil suspicion is impermissible. All of this is a prohibition against finding fault with the Muslims and from listening to those who backbite and slander them. For this reason Allaah made backbiting impermissible. And the worst of all is the one who moves between the students of knowledge and callers to Islaam in order to spread corruption and cause within the Muslim community and to incite feelings of hatred between them.

4) Abandoning The Muslims

The fourth cause of separation is: abandoning the Muslims, and abandonment means desertion and distancing. Meaning a person distancing and cutting himself from a person and no speaking to him.

Knowledge Based Jihaad, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in 'Aqeedah, Biddah / Innovation, Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , on February 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

While speaking about some of the people of Rhetoric (Ahlul Kalaam) who deny Allaah’s Attributes, Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“How great a trial against Eemaan was this and its likes! And how great a crime this is against the sunnah and the Quraan! And how beloved to The Most Merciful in making jihaad against it with the heart, hand and tongue! And how heavy is the reward of that jihaad upon the scales.

Jihaad by way of knowledge-based arguments and the tongue takes precedence over jihaad by way of the sword and spears. This is why in the soorahs revealed in makkah, Allaah ordered this type of jihaad to be carried out in the form of warning and admonishing, such that there was no mention of jihaad by the hand. Allaah says:

So do not obey the disbelievers, and wage jihaad with the utmost strength against them with it (the Quraan).” [25:52]

So jihaad by way of knowledge and arguments is the jihaad of His Prophets, Messengers and the elite few amongst His servants particularized with guidance, success and bounty. And whoever dies without having fought or without having spoken to himself about fighting, he dies upon a branch of hypocrisy.”

[See the explanation of “Al-Qaseedah An-Nooniyyah” by Sh. Muhammad Khaleel Harraas, 1/8]

Seeking Forgiveness For The Misguided, By Ibn Taymiyyah

Posted in 'Aqeedah, Adab (Manners), Killing The Fitna, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , , on December 18, 2013 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“He (Imaam Ahmad) did not make takfeer of the Murji’ah who say that faith is saying without action, nor did he make takfeer of those who considered ‘Alee more virtuous than ‘Uthmaan, rather the texts are clear from him that he prevented even takfeer of the Kawaarij, the Qadariyyah and others besides them. In fact, he only make takfeer of the Jahmiyyah for their denial of Allaah’s names and attributes, and this is because of their clear and apparent contradiction to what the Messenger (saw) came with, since the reality of their claim amount to denial of the Creator. But he suffered at their hands until he knew their reality very well, seeing that it was founded in ta’teel. Indeed takfeer of the Jahmiyyah is well known from among the Salaf Imaams.

Yet Imaam Ahmad did not make takfeer of the individuals among them, because the one who invites to an idea is worse than the one who simply utters it. And the one who punishes those who oppose such ideas is worse than the one who simply invites to them. And the one who makes takfeer of those who oppose him is worse than the one who punishes them.

So in this light, the people in authority were uttering the ideas of the Jahmiyyah, that the Quraan is created, and that Allaah would not be seen in the hereafter, etc., and they were also inviting people to accept these ideas, and inquisiting them over them, punishing them when they did not accept, and making takfeer of those who rejected them. They would keep the prisoners as captives until they uttered the Jahmiyyah belief that the Quraan was created etc., they would not give anyone a position of authority, nor give anyone any provision from the bayt al-maal unless he had these things.

With all these factors present, Imaam Ahmad, may Allaah have mercy upon him, had mercy with them, he sought forgiveness for them, because he knew that it was not clear to them that they were denying the Messenger (saw), nor that they were rejecting what he came with, but they were rather uttering mistaken interpretations, following those who brought such ideas to them.”

[Majmoo’ Al-Fataawaa, 23/342]