Archive for arabic

The Eloquent Speech Of The Prophet (saw) Are Known To The Scholars

Posted in Hadith Studies with tags , , , , , , on October 20, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

From the signs in the text of a narration that point to its fabrication is when the matn (text) is of a stilted or awkward speech, lacking the Arabic eloquence.

The scholar who is familiar with the intricate details of the Arabic language knows when a given word or phrase is stiff or stilted (artificial, unnatural) and concludes that it is impossible to have emanated from one who is eloquent and well spoken – how then could such words have emanated from the most eloquent person to have ever spoken Arabic, Muhammad (saw)?

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr pointed out that this is sign is valid when exact words of the Prophet (saw) are being quoted.

Ibn Daqeed Al-‘Eed said:

“Scholars often rule a narration to be fabricated based on this principle – based on the wording of the narration. Because of their extensive research in hadeeth literature, they have developed string mental and spiritual faculties, through which they are able to differentiate between what the prophet (saw) might have uttered and what the Prophet (saw) could not have uttered.”

Al-Bilqeenee said:

“If one serves under a master for a number of years, he knows what he loves and what he hates, so if a third party were to claim that the master hated something, while the servant knew for a fact that he loved that things, he would, immediately upon hearing the claim, reject it as a lie.”

For example scholars of this field are known to have statements like “There is darkness upon this hadeeth,” or “Its text is dark,” or “The heart denies it,” or “The soul does not find peace in it.”

Ar-Rabee’ Ibn Khuthaym said:

“Among hadeeths, there is the hadeeth that has the illumination of the day, by which you know it (to be true). And among hadeeths there is the hadeeth that has the darkness of the night, by which you know it (to be false).”

Ibn Al-Jawzee said:

“The skin of the student of knowledge quivers upon hearing the munkar hadeeth (that which is unauthentic as well as contradicting the authentic). And most of the time his heart has an aversion to it.”

[The Sunnah And Its Role In Islamic Legislation” p. 139]

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Are There Non-Arabic Words In The Quraan?

Posted in Qur'an with tags , , , , , , on February 27, 2013 by TheAuthenticBase

The Qur’an explicitly states that it is all communicated in pure and clear Arabic (al-Nahl, 16:3o). Although the ulema are in agreement that words of non-Arabic origin occur in the Qur’an, they are, nevertheless, words which were admitted and integrated into the language of the Arabs before the revelation of the Qur’an.

To give just a few examples, words such as qistas (scales – occurring in the Sura al-Isra’, 17:35), ghassaq (intense cold) in Sura al-Naba’ (78:2 5) and sijjil (baked clay – in al-Hijr, 15:74) are of Greek, Turkish and Persian origins respectively (1). But this usage is confined to odd words; a phrase or a sentence of non-Arabic origin does not occur in the Qur’an (2).

Since the Qur’an consists of manifest revelation in Arabic, a translation of the Qur’an into another language, or its commentary whether in Arabic or other languages, are not a part of the Qur’an.

However, Imam Abu Hanifah has held the view that the Qur’an is the name for a meaning only, and as such, salah may be performed in its Persian translation. But the disciples of Abu Hanifah have disagreed with this view and it is reported that Abu Hanifah himself reversed his initial ruling, and this is now considered to be the correct view of the Hanafi school (3).

Footnotes:

(1) For an exclusive treatment of words of foreign origin in the Qur’an see Shawkani, Irshad, p. 22ff. See also Ghazali, Mustasfa, I, 68.

(2) Shaltut, Al-Islam, P. 486; von Denffer, ‘Ulum, P. 73.

(3) This report is attributed to a Nuh b. Maryam who has confirmed that Abu Hanifah changed his initial ruling. See Aba Zahrah, Usul, p. 60; Shaltut, Al-Islam, P. 478; Sabuni, Madkhal, P. 4.

[Taken from “Principles Of Islaamic Jurisprudence” by M. H. Kamali, p.19]

‘Umar, And The Arabic Language

Posted in Inspirational Stories, Learn Arabic, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on March 1, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Umar, And The Arabic Language

Learn Arabic, for it makes a person more logical and wise, and increases his chivalry.

Learn grammer as you learn sunnahs and shares of inheritance.

Learn I’raab al-Qur’aan (syntax) as you learn to memorize it.

The worst of writing is that which is elongated without being clear, and the worst of readings is to say things unclearly, and the best of writing is that which is clearest.

We even see that ‘Umar would punish the one who made mistakes in Arabic when he was in an important position for which he was expected to be qualified:

– It was narrated that Abu Moosa Al-Ash’ari wrote a letter to ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab (r.a), and ‘Umar wrote back saying, “Your scribe who wrote to me made a spelling mistake; give him one lash of the whip.”

– Ibn Al-Jawzi also narrated that the scribe of ‘Amr Ibn Al-Aas wrote to ‘Umar and he wrote “Bismillaah”, but he did not write the letter seen. ‘Umar wrote to ‘Amr, telling him to give him one lash with the whip. ‘Amr did that, and he was asked: “What did he hit you for?” He replied, “For a (letter) seen.”

[Taken from: ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab, His Life And Times, By ‘Alee Muhammad As-Salaabi, Volume I, Pp. 371-372]

Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia

Posted in Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 24, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia

***Please note that I have no contact/link with the universities. Please do not provide your e-mail address, telephone number or any other personal details. I am just a brother who has collected/gathered this information together so as to help those who wish to study the deen in an Islamic University by providing some information. Again, please do not provide any contact details to myself. Jazaak-Illaahu khaira.***

Also, when asking me a question, please keep speech to a minimum. No ‘lol’, no smiley faces, no excessive talking etc.  I’m a brother just like any other brother…  (Jazaak illaahu khaira) Excessive speech will be edited/deleted.

To proceed;

There are a few ways in which a sister can study the deen / live in Saudi Arabia. One way is by applying directly to the respected universities (if you already have a mahram there in saudi). For those who do not have any mahrams in saudi, then another way is to get your mahram (husband, brother, father, father-in-law, son etc.) to apply along with you. And finally, to live in Saudi can be done by your mahram (husband only) calling you over once he has his own place and is working there in the Kingdom.

I will discuss these below:

Studying The Deen In Saudi

Saudi has four main universities where the deen is taught at a high level.

– Islamic University of Madinah, (Madinah, Saudi Arabia)

– Umm Al-Qura University (Makkah, Saudi Arabia)

– Imam University (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

– Daar Al-Hadith (al-Khayriyyah) (Makkah, Saudi Arabia)

UPDATE: A full list of the Saudi Government Universities can be found on this page. Masha-Allaah there’s quite a lot of Universities in the Kingdom…

– Madinah University:

As for Madinah University, then there are no courses for sisters. Madinah University only caters for brothers and brothers only.

UPDATE: Madinah University May be planning to extend their University to also accept female students. They are making progress in terms of the sisters’ facilities, and we may see something more concrete next year – and Allah knows best. Not only does this open the door to sisters who want to apply, but also could potentially make it much easier for married students.

UPDATE: (31/03/10) With regards to sisters studying the deen in saudi while their husbands are students in Madeenah uni, the following can be considered:

There are women teachers of course, but the male scholars have the most famous halaqaat (in Masjid Un-Nabawi), and they also teach the sisters.

There are basically two main types of women’s teaching which is done by men.

* At the Masjid An-Nabawi, the audio is transferred from the shaykh’s microphone and broadcast into a certain area of the women’s section (which is completely separate, unlike Makkah, which is partially separate). The women who want to learn from that shaykh sit in that certain place, so that they can hear the audio.

* In the Islamic institutions, colleges, etc. – They teach via one way video link, and the sisters have an audio link and a classroom assistant who manages the whole thing. The shaykh can hear their questions, but can’t see them, and they can both see and hear the shaykh. The classroom assistant is a woman who makes sure they all behave themselves. There is an amazing 3 year course which is taught in this manner by some of the major scholars in Madinah.

I know there are women who teach as well, and I’m sure there are some prominent people of knowledge amongst them, but they don’t have a really open role, and the major halaqaat are still taught by the male scholars.

Allah knows best.

So if sisters can learn the Arabic language (which can also be done while they are there in Madeenah via private tuition) they can then “attend” the halaqahs by the noble shaykhs at Masjid An-Nabawi.

– Umm Al-Qura University:

As for Umm Al-Qura University, then sisters can apply here as they do cater for sisters. Sisters would, however, need to apply with their mahram or already have a mahram living in Makkah throughout her time there. Unlike the other three universities, Umm Al-Qura is not solely an Islamic University, it is just like any other university in Saudi Arabia, however one of its departments/faculties is Islamic Studies. The Arabic program is for two years and all classes maintain an Islamic environment where sisters can relax with their hijaab.

Like all universities listed above (excluding Daar Al-Hadith), the university pays it’s student a monthly stipend of roughly SR. 845 and also provides free hostels (accommodation) for it’s students. If a sister is there with her husband and wishes to live with him, then they can do so at their own expenditure, which will obviously be away from the main batch of hostels. If she wishes to stay in the universities hostel (which may be the case if she is there with her brother) then accommodation is free.

The tuition is likewise free, irrespective of where she stays. The students also get one free round-trip air ticket every summer holiday.

For more information, please visit this page.

– Imam University:

As for Imam University, then this also caters for sisters.

Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University does have a women’s section, unlike the Islamic University of Madinah which is a male-only University, but this section of the University does not offer scholarships to foreign women to study. The Arab women that do attend are either housed in their own dorms or remain with family members living in Riyadh.

* * *Awaiting for more info* * *

– Daar Al-Hadith:

As for Daar Al-Hadith, then unlike the above mentioned three universities this is not governmentally run. It also doesnt have a Arabic program which means students must already be fluent in Arabic. It only caters for sisters who are residing legally in Makkah, Saudi ‘Arabia, and show proof for their legal residence.

Best Option:

The best option for sisters would be to apply along with their mahrams to Umm Al-Qura University. However, if sisters wish to live in Saudi, then things are a bit different. Below is the information regarding that.

Living In Saudi

As for living in Saudi Arabia, then this seems to be a more easier option for sisters than it is for brothers. Brothers wishing to live in Saudi usually go on a teaching course (usually a TEFL or a CELTA) and apply for a job in Saudi Arabia. Sisters however can simply get their husbands to apply and then go over with them.

A Sister can likewise apply to a TEFL or CELTA course depending on her circumstance. As for a married sister, than it is better for her to get her husband to apply on one of the english teaching courses. Once he has passed the course, he can apply for a job in Saudi Arabia and call her over. If I’m not mistaken, she can go with him to live in Saudi Arabia from day one (unlike if her husband applies to one of the Saudi Universities and gets accepted, as this way he will have to apply once he is there, and this could be very difficult).

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Princess Noora Bint Abdur-Rahman University Scholorship Program, Riyaadh, Saudi Arabia

Posted in Learn Arabic, Princess Noora Bint Abdur-Rahman University (Riyaadh, Saudi Arabia), Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 14, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Please visit: pnuproject.com for information on this university, as well as the Saudi Ministry of Higher Education page here.

Princess Noora Bint Abdur-Rahman University Scholorship Program,
Riyaadh, Saudi Arabia

(Looking for serious sisters uunder 30 years of age who are interested in learning Arabic and Islamic Studies)

Included:

Air fair, room and board, monthly stiffan, and
Sponsorship for husbands and/or mahrams

Fee:

$700-$1000 for processing and domestic affairs (VISAS)

All applicants will need to submit copies of passports, Highschool diplomas or ged birth certificate, and any college transcripts

All documenrs and fees for September 2010,

Admission must be submitted by Febuary 28, 2010

For admissions September 2011, all documents must be submitted by the end of March 2010 (NO EXCEPTIONS)

For further information please contact: Umm Maryam Rasheedah (Saudi Consultant) 011966535300346 Umimaryam20@msn.com OR Umm Muhammad Naimah, Ummnajimah@yahoo.com

Please visit: http://soyouwanttobeastudent.wordpress.com/2010/02/13/new-opportunity-for-sisters/


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Until Further Notice, No-One Should Apply To This, As It Is Possibly A Scam

I Will, However, Leave This On My Blog For A While So That Other People Who May Not Be Aware That This Is Fake, And Have Probably Come Across It Somewhere Else, Know Of This

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Word-By-Word Meaning of The Holy Qur’an

Posted in Learn Arabic, Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 8, 2009 by TheAuthenticBase

Word-By-Word Meaning of The Holy Qur’an

http://www.maktabah.net/store/images/35/Lughatul-Quran.pdf

Madina Arabic Books – Solutions

Posted in Learn Arabic with tags , , , , , on November 30, 2009 by TheAuthenticBase

Madina Arabic Books – Solutions

Solutions (answers) to Madinah Arabic Book 1

Solutions (answers) to Madinah Arabic Book 2

Solutions (answers) to Madinah Arabic Book 3