Archive for battle

What Is Jihaad? And Why Do The Believers Fight?

Posted in Brothers Base, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on October 10, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

Ash-Shaheed Sayyid Qutb said about jihaad:

“It is a battle for Allaah, to establish His authority on earth and to overthrow all tyrants who try to usurp this authority. In short, it is a fight to make Allaah’s word supreme. It has no motive of imposing the authority of any person, group or nation, or making any personal or national gain.”

He then went on to say, explaining why believers go out to fight:

(1) Believers go out to fight for Allaah’s cause, to establish His authority and Lordship over human life, and to ensure people’s submission to Him alone.

(2) They seek to destroy the tyrants who usurp Allaah’s authority and claim sovereignty for themselves, having no basis for their claim in the form of a permission granted by Allaah or His law.

(3) They fight to declare the liberation of mankind throughout the world from any bondage to any authority, since such bondage represents a humiliation of man.

(4) Believers fight in order to protect people’s rights, freedom and integrity, not to humiliate other races and peoples through the abuse of power Allaah has granted them.

(5) They go out to fight seeking no personal gain whatsoever. Victory brings them nothing other than having obeyed Allaah’s command to go on jihaad, to establish the code of living He has revealed, to make Allaah’s word supreme and to seek His grace and pleasure.”

Further on he says:

“Right at the outset, Islaam rules out any war undertaken for the glory of individuals and states. It rejects all campaigns that seek to exploit resources and open markets, or to subjugate and humiliate other communities.

Islaam has nothing to do with any war that tries to establish the superiority of one class, race, nation, or state over another. The only type of campaign which Islaam approves of is one undertaken for God’s cause.”

[Fee Zhilaal Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/158-159 & 187]

Understanding That Victory Comes From Allaah Alone

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on June 10, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Allaah says regarding the events of the battle of Badr: “(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): “I will help you with a thousand of the angels each behind the other (following one another) in succession. Allah made it only as glad tidings, and that your hearts be at rest therewith. And there is no victory except from Allah. Verily, Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [8:9-10]

Ash-Shaheed Sayyid Qutb comments on these two verses saying:

“Their Lord then answered their appeal and informed them that He had decided to reinforce them with 1000 angels moving in close ranks. Greatly significant as this decision is, indicating the great value assigned by Allaah to those believers and the faith of Islaam, Allaah does not want the Muslims to understand that there is a mechanical process of a direct cause leading to a definite effect. The whole matter is referred back to Him so that the Muslims maintain the right beliefs and concepts.

This whole response, enforcement, and the revelation announcing it were merely given as happy news to reassure the believers’ hearts. Victory itself comes only from Allaah. This is a basic fact of faith restated here so that Muslims do not attach undue importance to any particular cause or factor.

It was sufficient that the Muslims should do their best and exert their maximum effort, overcoming the initial shock some of them experienced as they found themselves facing real danger. All they needed to do was to actually proceed in obedience of Allaah, assured of His support. In other words, they needed to fulfill their part and leave the rest to Allaah’s will. It is He who plans matters for them and dictates the final outcome of their efforts. The rest was merely a piece of happy news, giving reassurance to the believers to calm their hearts and enable them to face up to the real danger.

A community of believers does not need more than to feel that they are supported by Allaah’s soldiers for their hearts to be set at rest and to go into battle with courage and perseverance. Victory then comes from Allaah, who alone can grant it.”

[Fee Zhilaal  Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/92]

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

‘Alee’s Advice To His Troops During His Reign As Caliph

Posted in Brothers Base, Inspirational Stories with tags , , , on May 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

When some border land under Ali’s control was raided, he said:

“Jihaad is one of the gates of paradise, which Allaah opens to the closest of His friends. It is the garment of piety, the shield of Allaah and the greatest protection. Whoever abandons it because of lack of interest, Allaah will give him a garment of humiliation to wear; calamities will befall him, he will be brought low and a seal will be placed on his heart. He will be led away from truth because of neglecting jihaad; he will be humiliated and deprived of justice.

Verily, I called you by night and by day, secretly and openly to fight these people. I told you to attack them before they attacked you, for by Allaah, no people are attacked in their land but they are humiliated. But you were negligent and reluctant, so attacks were launched against you and land was taken from you….

How strange it is, by Allah, that these people are united in their falsehood, and you are disunited and do not support your truth. This is what breaks the heart and brings grief and sorrow. May you perish, for you have become a target to be shot; you are raided and do not raid others, you are attacked and do not attack others. Allaah is being disobeyed, and you are pleased with that. If I command you to march towards them on a hot day, you will say that it is too hot and we should wait until it cools down. If I command you to march towards them in winter, you will say that it is too cold and we should wait until it warms up.

All of that in order to avoid heat and cold. If you are trying to avoid heat and cold, then by Allaah you will try harder to flee from the sword, O you men who are not men. Yon have the minds of children and are as irrational as women…

You have spoiled all my plans with your disobedience and reluctance, to the point that Quraysh have begun to say that the son of Abu Taalib is a courageous man, but he has no experience of war. What a strange thing they are saying! Is there anyone among them with more experience of war than me? Or who has attained a higher position in it than me? For I got involved in it when I had not yet reached the age of twenty, and here I am having passed the age of sixty. But if a man is not obeyed, his wisdom is to no avail…”

[Al-Bayaan Wat-Tabyeen, by Al-Jaahidh, Pp. 238-239]

The Stages Of The Prophet’s Da’wah, By Ibn Al-Qayyim

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , on October 1, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“The first revelation given to the Prophet (saw) by his Lord (swt) was his order to him: “Read in the name of your Lord who created, created man out of an alaq.” [96:1-2] This was the start of his Prophethood. The instruction to him was to read within himself. At the point, He did not order him to convey anything to anyone. He subsequently revealed to him: “O you who are enfolded, arise and warn.” [74: 1-2] This means that God made him a prophet by telling him to read, and He gave him his mission by saying: “O you who are enfolded,arise and warn.” [74: 1-2] God then ordered him to warn his immediate clan. Subsequently, he gave the same warning to his own people, then to the surrounding Arabian tribes, then all Arabs, then mankind generally.

For more than a decade after the start of his Prophethood, Muhammad (saw) continued to advocate the faith without resorting to fighting or the imposition of any loyalty tax (i.e. jizyah). Throughout this period he was ordered to stay his hand, forbear patiently and overlook all oppositions. Later, God gave him permission to migrate (from Makkah to Madeenah) and permitted him to fight. He (swt) then instructed him to fight those who wage war against him and to maintain peace with those who refrain from fighting him. At a later stage, God ordered him to fight the idolaters until all submission is made to God alone.

After the order was given to the Prophet to strive and fight for God’s cause, unbelievers were in three categories with regard to their relations with him: [1] those with whom he was in peace and truce, [2] combatants fighting him, [3] and those under his protection (Ahlul-Dhimmah). God ordered him to honour his treaties with those whom he had a pace treaty, as long as they honoured their commitments. If he feared treachery on their part, he was to revoke the treaty but would not fight them until he had informed them of the termination of their peace treaty. On the other hand, he was to fight those who violated their treaties with him.

When Soorah 9, At-Tawbah, was revealed, it outlined the policy towards all these three categories. The Prophet (saw) is ordered there to fight his enemies from among the people of earlier faiths until they either submit to his authority, paying the loyalty tax, jizyah, or embrace Islaam. He is also ordered in the same Soorah to strive hard against the kuffaar with arm, and against the hypocrites with arguments and proof.

A further order to the prophet (saw) in Soorah 9 was to terminate all treaties with unbelievers, classifying such people into three groups:

– The first group he was ordered to fight, because these were the ones who violated their treaties with him and who were untrue to their commitments. He fought them and was victorious.

– The second group consisted of those with whom he had a pace treaty which they had honoured fully, and the treaty was to run for a specific term. They had given no support to any person or group who opposed the Prophet. With these he was to honour the peace treaty until it had run its course.

– The third group included those with whom he Prophet had no treaty and no previous fighting engagements, as well as those who had an open-ended agreement. The Prophet (saw) was instructed to give these groups four months’ notice, after which he was to fight them. The Prophet acted on these instructions, fought those who violated their treaties, and gave four months’ notice to those who had no treaty or had one without a specific term. Those who honoured their treaties were to have it honoured by the Prophet until the end of its term. All these embraced Islaam before thee end of their term. As for those who pledged loyalty to him, they were to pay the loyalty tax, jizyah.

Thus, after the revelation of Soorah 9, the unbelievers were in three different categories with regard to the Prophet’s relations with them: (1) combatants, or (2) bound by a specified-term treaty, or (3) loyal. The second category embraced Islaam shortly thereafter, leaving the other two groups: combatants who feared him, and those who were loyal. Thus all mankind were divided into three classes: (1) Muslims who believed in the Prophet’s message; (2) those at peace with him who enjoyed security; and (3) those who were hostile and feared him.

As for the hypocrites, he was instructed to accept from them what they professed, leaving the final verdict on them to God. He was to strive against them with informed argument. he was further instructed to turn away from them and to be hard so that he would deliver his message to them in a way that they could not refute. He was forbidden to pray for them when they died, or to visit their graves. He was informed that if he were to pray for them to be forgiven, God would not forgive them.

Such was the prophet’s policy towards his opponents, both unbelievers and hypocrites.

[Zaad Al-Ma’aad, 3/158-161]

Words of Sh. ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam Regarding “Fee Dhilaal Al-Quraan”

Posted in Miscellaneous, Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , , , on January 25, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

“Whoever wishes to understand it (the Quraan) clearly as it is, as if he is receiving the Quraan as it was revealed, and to take part in the battle that it is fighting – the battle that it fought the first time around – he must read “Fee Dhilaal Al-Quraan” (by Sayyid Qutb). Whoever does not read Sayyid Qutb’s tafseer in Fee Dhilaal Al-Quraan will not be able to grasp the depths of this battle, for many reasons.

From them is the fact that the man who wrote this book was relaying to the people these events from the midst of the conflict, and from the depths of the battlefield. He wrote these words while he was watching the hangman’s noose being tightened in front of his eyes. So, he wrote them while he was free of all fears, and free of all the burdens of the dunyaa – no wife, no job, no children, no connection to the burdens that pull one to this earth.

He wrote them while he was bidding the dunyaa farewell, and everyone who reads the tafseer of Al-Baqarah, Aal ‘Imraan, An-Nisaa, Al-Maa’idah, Al-A’raaf and walks with them – in the second printing onwards – will realize that the one who wrote these words is not from the people of this world. Rather, he is bidding this world farewell with these words, and is giving it a departure wave with these words.

Because of this, many people read books, read explanations of the Quraan, read the words of Ibn Katheer, At-Tabaree, and other than them, and they are never able – and I am saying this to you as a professor of Sharee’ah, and I know more than you, and I understand this issue more than you do – they are unable to understand the Quraan as it was revealed, nor are they able to partake in the battle for which Allaah revealed it; not just in the era of the Messenger of Allaah (saw), but in every era, and in every place.

This Quraan is the Book of Allaah that was revealed to fight a battle against the enemies of Allaah, “… and strive against them with it a great struggle…” [25:52]

And it is a must for the people to understand the Book of Allaah, why it was revealed, and with whom these texts are dealing with. And some people think that these texts fought a battle, played their role, and that it is no longer possible to utilize this way of looking at things, or to move forward with these rules to fight the battle of today, which is as if it were the same battle that was fought by the Messenger of Allaah (saw).

So, I advise you and myself to read “Fee Dhilaal Al-Quraan”.

[At-Tarbiyyah Al-Jihaadiyyah Wal-Bina, by Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam, 3/6-7]

Showing Hospitality Towards The Captives Of War

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 10, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

Abu Azeez Ibn ‘Umayr Ibn Haashim was the brother of Mus’ab Ibn ‘Umayr and was fighting the Muslims on the battle of Badr. He was the holder of the banner of the kuffaar next to Al-Nadr Ibn Haarith. When he was taken as captive by the Muslims, he said:

“I was assigned to a group of the Ansaar. When they laid out their lunch or dinner, they would give me the bread while they themselves ate dates without bread. This was because of the Prophet’s instructions to them. Every time any one of them had a piece of bread, he would give it to me.

Sometimes I felt embarrassed by their hospitality and I gave the bread to any one of them who was around. He would return it without taking a single bite”

[Ibn Hishaam, As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah, p. 209]

The Story Of Umm Ibraheem Al-Hashimeeyah

Posted in Inspirational Stories, Sisters Base with tags , , , , , on December 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

One of the righteous women in Basra was Umm Ibraheem Al-Hashimeeyah. The enemy attacked one of the Muslim towns so people were encouraged to join jihaad. Abdul Waahid Bin Zayd Al-Basree delivered a speech encouraging jihaad and among the audience was Umm Ibraheem. Among the things Abdul Waahid talked about was Al-Hoor (the gorgeous women of Paradise).

Umm Ibraheem stood up and said to Abdul Waahid:

“You know my son Ibraheem and you know that the nobility of Al-Basra wish to have him marry one of their daughters and I have not agreed to one of them yet. But I like this girl you described and I would be happy tp marry her to my son. Can you please describe her again?”

Abdul Waahid then narrated a poem in the description of the Hoor. Umm Ibraheem said:

“I want my son to marry this girl and I would pay you 10,000 dinars as her dowry and you take him with you in this army. He might die as a shaheed and intercede for me on the Day of Judgement.”

Abdul Waahid said:

“If you do so, that is a great success for you and your son.”

She then called her son form the audience. He stood up and said:

“Yes my mother?”

She said:

“Are you pleased to mary this girl with the condition of giving your soul to Allaah?”

He said:

“Yes! I am very pleased!”

She said:

“O Allaah, you are my witness that I have married my son to this girl from Paradise with the condition (that) he spends his soul in Your sake.”

Then she went and brought back with her 10,000 dinars and gave it to Abdul Waahid and said:

“This is her dowry. Take it and use it to provide for the Mujaahideen.”

She then purchased for her son a good horse and she armed him. When the army started its march, Ibraheem came out with the reciters of the Quraan surrounding him and reciting: “Indeed, Allaah has purchased from the believers their lives and their properties [in exchange] for that they will have Paradise.” When Umm Ibraheem was greeting her son, she told him:

“Be careful and don’t allow any shortcomings from yourself to be seen by Allaah.”

She then embraced him and kissed him and said:

“May Allaah never bring us together except on the Day of Judgement!”

Abdul Waahid said:

We reached the enemy’s territory and people were called to fight. Ibraheem was in the front and he killed many of the enemy but then they overwhelmed him and killed him. On our way back I told my soldiers not to tell Umm Ibraheem that her son was killed until I tell her. When we entered Al-Basra, she met me and said: “Did Allaah accept my gift so I can celebrate or was it rejected so I should cry?”

I said: “Allaah did accept your gift and your son died as a shaheed.”

She then prostrated to thank Allaah and said: “Thank You Allaah for accepting my gift.”

The following day she came to me in the masjid and said: “Rejoice!”

I said: “What good news do you have?”

She said: “I saw my son Ibraheem last night in a dream. He was in a beautiful garden dressed in green clothes, sitting on a throne made of pearl and he had a crown on his head. He told me, ‘Rejoice my mother! I got married to my bride!” “

[This story was mentioned by scholars like Aboo Jaafar Al-Lubnaan, and is quoted in “Mashri Al-Ashwaq Ila Masari Al-Ushaaq”]

The Bravery Of ‘Ali Ibn Abee Taalib

Posted in Inspirational Stories with tags , , , , , , , , , on November 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Amr Ibn ‘Abd Wudd had fought on the day of the battle of Badr until he was badly wounded, so he was not present on the day of Uhud but when the day of the battle of the trench came, he marked himself to show his position.

Then he and the other horsemen took up their positions and said, “Who will come out to duel?”

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib came out to him and said to him, “O ‘Amr, you have promised Allaah that if any man of Quraysh gives you one of two options, you will accept one of them.”

He said, “Yes.”

‘Alee said to him, “I call you to Allaah and His Messenger and to Islaam.”

He said, “I have no need of that.”

‘Alee said, “Then I call you to a duel with me.”

He said to him, “Why, O son of my brother? I do not want to kill you.”

‘Alee said, “But by Allaah, I want to kill you.”

‘Amr got angry at that, so he dismounted from his horse, hamstrung it and beat its face, then he turned to ‘Alee, and they fought, circling around one another, until ‘Alee killed him  and their cavalry fled, bursting headlong in flight across the trench.

[As-seerah An-Nabawiyyah, 3/348, of Ibn Hishaam]

Running Away From The Battlefield, By Sayyid Qutb

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on October 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

Sayyid Qutb said:

“To flee from battle deserves such condemnation because of the magnitude of its serious consequences on the one hand, and because it has a bearing on the very question of having faith. A believer should be firm and resolute, able to resist any force on earth, since he believes that Allaah’s power can overcome all powers.

If a believer’s heart experiences a tremor at a moment of danger, such a tremor should not go as far as making him flee from battle. The moment of anyone’s death is determined by Allaah alone.

Hence, no believer may flee from battle fearing for his life. This should not constitute too much of a burden for anyone. A believer is a human being who encounters an enemy, who, in turn, is a human being. hence, they are of the same nature. The believer, however, has the advantage of relying on the overpowering might of Allaah Himself. Moreover, he is under Allaah’s care while he is alive, and he entrusts himself to Allaah’s care if he attains martyrdom.

This means that in all situations he is stronger than his enemy who defies Allaah and His Messenger. Hence this absolute ruling: “And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!

[Fee Zhilaal Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/101]

Running Away From The Battlefield, By Ibn Al-‘Arabi

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , on September 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

Regarding the statement of Allaah:

O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in a battle-field, never turn your backs to them. And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!” [8:15-16]

Ibn Al-‘Arabi said:

“People (i.e, the scholars) have disputed whether the running away in flight applies only to the Battle of Badr or to all battles Muslims may fight at any time until the day of judgement. Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree reports that this order applies only to the battle of Badr, when the Muslims had no other company or troop other than Allaah’s Messenger. This view is supported by Naafi’, al-Hasan, Qataadah, Yazeed Ibn Habeeb and Al-Dahhaak.

Ibn ‘Abbaas and all other scholars are of the view that this Quranic verse applies at all times until the day of judgement. Those who have taken a different view, saying that it applies to Badr only have misinterpreted the statement, “Anyone who turns his back on them that day,” [8:16] making the phrase ‘on that day’ a reference to the battle of Badr only. But this is not so. It refers to the day of battle whenever a battle takes place.

In evidence we take the fact that this Quranic verse was revealed after the battle of Badr was over with all that it involved. The Prophet is authentically quoted to list fleeing from battle as one of the worst major sins. In itself, this hadeeth should settle all disputes and make the ruling absolutely clear. We have clarified how the confusion arose that led some scholars to think that it applied to Badr only.”

[Ahkaam Al-Quraan, by Ibn Al-‘Arabi, 2/843-844]

“We Will Not Say To You As The Jews Said To Moses”

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , on June 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

When the Prophet (saw) arrived on the battlefield of Badr, he consulted his Companions. Abu Bakr spoke first, then ‘Umar, and then Al-Miqdaad Ibn ‘Amr spoke. Al-Miqdaad said:

“O Messenger of Allaah (saw) go ahead and do whatever you feel is best. We will not say to you as the Israelites said to Moses: “Go with your Lord and fight the enemy while we stay behind!” What we will say is: “Go with your Lord and fight the enemy and we will fight alongside you.” By Him who has sent you with the message of truth, if you ask us to march with you to Bark Al-Ghimaad (a remote place in Yemen), we will fight with you anyone who stands in your way until you have go there.”

The Prophet (saw) thanked him then prayed for him.

[Imtaa’ Al-Asmaa’, by Al-Maqreezee, p. 94]