Archive for fajr

Doing Nāfilah, After Dawn Break, Other Than The prior-Sunnah Salaah

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , on September 3, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Hafsah (ra) said:

‘At dawn break, the prophet (saw) used to perform two short Rak‘ah only.’ [Muslim]

Commenting on this hadīth, An-Nawawī said:

‘Some may deduce from this hadīth the prohibition of performing Nāfilah at dawn break except the prior Sunnah of the dawn Salāt and the Salāt which has specific reson. This ruling is one of the three rulings deduced by the Shāfi‘ī scholars. Qādī ‘Iyād reported that it is held by Mālik and the Jumhūr’.(1)

Al-Qastallānī reported that Mālikī and Hanafī scholars held that only the two prior-Sunnah Rak‘ahs of the dawn Salāt could be done at dawn break. This opinion is also held by Ahmad’s followers and in one of the Shāfi‘ī views, so did Ibn As-Salāh and Al-Mutawallī in his “Tatimmah”.

I believe that doing other than the two prior-Sunnah Rak‘ahs at dawn break is detested as affirmed in many ahādīth traced back to ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Umar, ‘Abdullāh Ibn ‘Amru and Abī Hurairah (ra).

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Time Limit For The ‘Isha’ Prayer

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 8, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Time Limit For The ‘Isha’ Prayer

There is the opinion deduced from taking the apparent (dhahir) meaning of the hadith about the middle of the night that was held by Ibn Hazm, ash-Shawkani, al-Albani, and others that the permissible time is till the middle of the night, beyond which it is forbidden to delay ‘Isha’.

Consider also what the major scholars of the four madhahib said:

Ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi (Hambali) said in ‘al-Mughni’:

“What is more befitting – if Allah Wills – is that one does not delay it past the first third of the night. If he delays it past the middle of the night, this is permissible. What is beyond this is allowed only for necessity, and its ruling is the same as praying ‘Asr in the time of necessity (in the last portion of its allotted time)…Beyond this, the time of ‘Isha’ extends till the emergence of the second (true) Fajr.”

al-Kasani (Hanafi) said in ‘Bada’i’ as-Sana’i”:

“As for the last time for ‘Isha’, it is when the true time of Fajr comes in, according to us.”

Muhammad ‘Alish (Maliki) said in ‘Manh al-Jalil’:

“And the preferred time to pray ‘Isha’ ends with the first third of the night.”

an-Nawawi (Shafi’i) said in ‘al-Majmu”:

“What is preferred is to pray by the first third of the night. If this preferred time passes, we are left with the permissible time, which is till the time of the second (true) Fajr. This is the madhhab that has been narrated from ash-Shafi’i, and it is what has been clearcut from our companions, past and present.”

at-Tahawi (Hanafi) said in ‘Mushkil al-Athar’:

“So, the authenticity of these narrations has been established: that the time in which one can pray ‘Isha’ is from when the Sun sets, till the end of the night. However, this is divided into three categories:

a) from when it enters, to the first third of the night, and this is the best time in which to pray it,

b) as for what is beyond this – till the middle of the night – this is less preferable than the first choice, and

c) as for what is beyond the middle of the night, this is less preferable than the times before it.”

So, the four madhahib interpreted the relevant ahadith to mean that the time in which it is permissible to pray ‘Isha’ is till the time of Fajr, with the strong discouragement from delaying it past the first third of the night, let alone the middle of the night, unless one has a good excuse (such as illness, preoccupation with a task, etc.).

In conclusion, there is a difference of opinion as to whether the time limit is a matter of strict forbiddance, or merely one of preference. In any case, the safest thing to do is to not delay it past the middle of the night, as much as you are able.

And Allah Knows best.

Source

A Young Man Is Complaining That His Father Does Not Wake Him Up For Fajr Prayer; What Should He Do?

Posted in General Family Issues, Ibaadah - Salaah, Killing The Fitna, Parenting with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 4, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

A Young Man Is Complaining That His Father Does Not Wake Him Up For Fajr Prayer; What Should He Do?

QUESTION: My father does not wake me up for Fajr prayer and I have reached the age of puberty. What should I do?.

ANSWER: Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly:

First of all we would like to congratulate you on this keenness to perform Fajr prayer in the mosque and we ask Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, to make you steadfast and increase you in guidance and righteousness.

Secondly:

The parents should encourage their children — males and females — to pray regularly on time, because the father is the shepherd of his household and is responsible for his flock, and the mother is also a shepherd and is responsible for her flock.

See the answer to question number 103420

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked:

Is it permissible for a man to go out to pray when his children are in the house?

He replied:

A man is obliged to obey the command of Allah in the verse in which He says (interpretation of the meaning): “O you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allaah, but do that which they are commanded” [al-Tahreem 66:6]. He must tell his family to pray as the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) enjoined when he said: “Tell your children to pray when they are seven years old and smack them if they do not do it when they are ten, and separate them in their beds.” And Allah, may He be exalted, tells us that Ismaa’eel, the father of the Arabs (interpretation of the meaning): “used to enjoin on his family and his people As‑Salaah (the prayers) and the Zakaah, and his Lord was pleased with him” [Maryam 19:55].

It is not permissible for him — the father — to leave his children sleeping without waking them up to pray and following up on them. It is not sufficient just to wake them up; rather it is essential to follow up, because he may wake them up, then they go back to sleep. End quote.

Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/215

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Traveller Praying Behind A Resident

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 3, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Traveller Praying Behind A Resident

QUESTION: A man was travelling and reached the city to which he was travelling. He wanted to pray with an imam who is resident in that city. Is his prayer valid?

ANSWER: Praise be to Allaah.

There is no reason why a traveller should not pray behind a resident, regardless of whether the way of praying differs or not. The difference in intentions does not have any effect, but if the traveller catches up with the imam in less than a rak’ah, he should pray the prayer in shortened form.

For example: the traveller catches up with the imam in the final tashahhud of the Zuhr prayer. In that case he should pray Zuhr as two rak’ahs. This is how he should pray if he did not catch up with one rak’ah or more.

But if he catches up with the resident in one rak’ah or more, then he has to pray the prayer in full (i.e., four rak’ahs). This is the view of most of the scholars and it was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas and Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both).

In Saheeh Muslim (688) it was narrated that Musa ibn Salamah al-Hadhali said: “I asked Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘How should I pray if I am in Makkah and I do not pray with the imam?’ He said, ‘Two rak’ahs, and this is the way of Abu’l-Qaasim (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

In Saheeh Muslim (694) it is narrated that Naafi’ said: “When Ibn ‘Umar was with the imam he would pray four rak’ahs and if he prayed alone he would pray two rak’ahs.

Al-Bayhaqi narrated in al-Sunan via Sulaymaan al-Tameemi that Abu Majlaz said: “I said to Ibn ‘Umar, ‘If a traveller catches up with the prayer of the people – i.e., the local residents – should he pray two rak’ahs or pray as they are praying?’ He laughed and said, ‘He should pray as they are praying.’

If the form of the prayer is different, e.g. if the traveller is praying Maghrib behind a resident who is praying ‘Isha’, then in that case he should sit after the third rak’ah.

Should he complete his prayer and leave, or should he wait for the imam to complete his prayer and say the tashahhud and salaam with him?

There is some evidence to support both options, but the more correct in my view is the second, which is to wait.

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Qibla Locator

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah, Useful Software/Tools with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 26, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Qibla Locator

Please visit this site for a accurate Qibla Locator

He Sneezed Whilst He Was Praying – Should He Say Al-Hamdu Lillaah?

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 12, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

He Sneezed Whilst He Was Praying – Should He Say Al-Hamdu Lillaah?

QUESTION: If I sneeze whilst I am praying, should I say al-hamdu Lillaah or not?.

ANSWER: Praise be to Allaah.

If a person sneezes whilst he is praying, it is prescribed for him to say al-hamdu Lillaah, may He be glorified, whether the prayer is obligatory or naafil. This is the view of the majority of scholars among the Sahaabah and Taabi’een, and it was also the view of Imam Maalik, al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad, but they differed as to whether he should say it silently or out loud. The correct view and the view of Imam Ahmad is that he should say it out loud, but only loud enough that he can hear himself, lest he distract other worshippers. That is indicated by the general meaning of the report narrated by Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “If one of you sneezes, let him say ‘Al-hamdu Lillaah’…” The hadeeth was narrated by al-Bukhaari.

That is also supported by the report narrated by Rifaa’ah ibn Raafi’ (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: I prayed behind the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I sneezed and said: Praise be to Allaah, much good and blessed praise, as our Lord loves and is pleased with. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had finished praying he said: “Who is the one who spoke during the prayer?” and no one said anything. Then he said it a second time, “Who is the one who spoke during the prayer?” and no one said anything. Then he said it a third time, “Who is the one who spoke during the prayer?” and Rifaa’ah ibn Raafi’ said: “It was me, O Messenger of Allaah”. He said: “What did you say?” He said: I said: “Praise be to Allaah, much good and blessed praise, as our Lord loves and is pleased with”. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “By the One in Whose hand is my soul, thirty-odd angels competed to see which of them would take it up.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood and al-Nasaa’i. Al-Tirmidhi said: a hasan hadeeth. Al-Haafiz narrated in al-Tahdheeb from al-Tirmidhi that it is saheeh.

It was also narrated by al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh but he did not mention that he said that after sneezing, rather he said it after rising from bowing. It may be that he sneezed whilst rising from bowing and he said that because he sneezed, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) approved of that and did not rebuke him for it. This indicates that it is prescribed during prayer, but if a person sneezes whilst praying then praises Allaah, it is not permissible for those who hear him to say Yarhamak Allaah (may Allaah have mercy on you), because that is part of human speech and it is not permissible during prayer. It is proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) denounced someone who said Yarhamak Allaah to a man who sneezed whilst praying, then he said to him: “In this prayer nothing of human speech is permitted; it is only tasbeeh (glorifying Allaah), takbeer (magnifying Allaah) and recitation of Qur’aan.” Narrated by Imam Muslim, Abu Dawood and al-Nasaa’i.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions. End quote.

Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas.

Fataawa Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’ (26/113).

How To Move Your Finger In Prayer During Tashahhud

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 4, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

How To Move Your Finger In Prayer During Tashahhud

By Abi Ishaq Al-Howainy