Archive for ilm

Abu Hurayrah & His Collection Of Books

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on May 1, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

We are not sure whether he (Aboo Hurayrah) had any written collection of ahaadeeth in his early life, but mention is made in a later period of the books he had in his possession:

1) Hasan Ibn ‘Amr saw many books of ahaadeeth in Aboo Hurayrah’s possession. [Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Baaree, 1/217]

2) It is said that Basheer Ibn Naheek made his collection, copying he book of Aboo Hurayrah, bu the isnaad of this statement is somewhat defective.

The following derived hadeeth from him in written form:

1) ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Marwaan: He had almost all the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah in written form. [Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqaat, 7/157]

2) Aboo Saalih Al-Sammaan: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah and others. Al-A’mash wrote down 1000 hadeeth from him [‘Alee Ibn Ja’d, Musnad, 80]; and Ibraheem An-Nakha’ee (d. 96H) made his collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth through Al-A’mash – Aboo Saalih – Aboo Hurayrah [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal 1/140]. It is not mentioned whether or not Aboo Saalih himself had any written collection, but his son Suhail had a written collection fro him. Therefore, most probably Aboo Saalih had a written collection from Aboo Hurayrah.

3) ‘Aqbah Ibn Aboo Al-Hasnaa: He transmitted a book from Aboo Hurayrah. A copy of this book was in the possession of Adh-Dhahabee. [Adh-Dhahabee, Meezaan Al-‘Itidaal, 3/85]

4) Basheer Ibn Naheek: He made his collection from Aboo Hurayrah, and presented the book to him and even obtained Aboo Hurayrah’s permission to transmit it. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 1/470]

5) Hammaam Ibn Munabbih: He transmitted from Aboo Hurayrah a saheefah (book) which has been edited and published.

6) Marwaan Ibn Hakam: He made a collection of Aboo Hurayrah’s hadeeth. It was copied by Aboo Al-Za’zaa. [Siyar A’laam An-Nubulaa, 2/431]

7) Muhammad Ibn Sireen: The book was written on an old parchment… This book was in the possession of Yahyaa Ibn Sireen, because in his later days Muhammad Ibn Sireen did not like to have any sort of books. [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami’ 56b]

8) Sa’eed Al Maqburee: Muhammad Ibn ‘Ajlaan had the book of Sa’eed which he had compiled from Aboo Hurayrah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 9/342]

9) ‘UbaydAllaah Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mauhab Al-Taimee: His son related a book from him most of which consisted of defective hadeeth. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 11/254]

Other students of Aboo Hurayrah who wrote down hadeeth (not necessarily from Aboo Hurayrah) include:

1) ‘Abdullaah Ibn Hurmuz. [Hanbal, 2/531]

2) ‘Abdul-Rahmaan Ibn Hurmuz Al-A’raj (40 – 117). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 5/291]

3) ‘Awn Ibn ‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Utbah. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 8/173]

4) Habeeb Ibn Saalim Al-Ansaaree (40 – 110).Hanbal, 4/273]

5) Muhammad Ibn Ziyaad Al-Qurashi (35 – 120). [Ma’rifah, 164]

6) Saalih Ibn Nabhaan (40 – 125). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 4/406]

7) Yazeed Ibn Abee Habeeb (53 – 128). [Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, ‘Ilal, 142b]

8) Zayd Ibn Aslam – Client of Ibn ‘Umar (40 – 136). [Ibn Hajr, Tahdheeb, 3/396 & 7/8]

[Taken from “Studies In Early Hadeeth Literature”, by M. M. Al-Azami, Suhail Academy, Lahore, Pakistan, 2001. Pp. 37-38, 60, 76, 81, 82, 95, 100, 105 & 106]

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The Importance Of Having More Than One Shaykh

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , on April 20, 2016 by TheAuthenticBase

Ayyoob said: “If one wants to know the mistake of his teacher he ought to frequent other teachers as well.” [Daarimee, 1/153]

Ibn Al-Mubaarak said: “To reach an authentic statement, one needs to compare the words of scholars which each other.” [Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee, Jaami, 193]

When Ibn Uyaynah delivered his lectures on hadeeth, he was questioned by students whenever he differed from his colleague (Imaam) Maalik. [Humaidee, 226, 238, 281, 934]

Admiring One’s Knowledge, By An-Nawawi

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on November 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

An-Nawawee said:

“The way to rid oneself of self-admiration is to know that knowledge is a blessing from Allaah (swt) and a complete favour. That belongs to Allaah (swt) which He takes away, and that belongs to Him which He gives, and everything has an appointed time with Him, so a person should not develop self-admiration for something that he had nothing to do with and has no control over, and it is not certain that it will last.”

[Al-Majmoo’ 1/55]

Ash-Shaam: Then And Now

Posted in Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on October 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

In the general masjid of Damascus, Abu Dardaa (ra) conducted a large circle of learning, one that was attended by more than 1600 students. Aboo Dardaa (ra) would teach them in groups, with each group consisting of 10 students. There was a spirit of competition in the air, with each group wanting to spend the most time with, and therefore benefit the most from, Aboo Dardaa (ra).

For his part, Aboo Dardaa (ra) was readily accessible to his students, he would often stand in a designated place in order to answer their questions about how to recite the Quraan.

Of all the Prophet’s Companions, Aboo Dardaa (ra) is deemed to have had the most influence on the inhabitants of Damascus, as he was their faqeeh and their judge.

[Ghaayatun Nihaayah Fee Tabqaat Al-Qurraa, by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p. 1607]

The Importance of Acting Upon Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on September 17, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

“The Lord of Honor would reveal the Quraan one, two, or three verses at a time and would require them to act upon those verses. The Companions of the Messenger of Allaah would take one, two, or three verses – never more than ten at a time – and then go act on them. They would then come back, learn some more, and go act on what they learned. As Ibn Mas’ood said, “We learned knowledge and action with the Quraan.”

Therefore, it is very dangerous for you to have a lot of knowledge while having only a modest level of action. The one who hears you thinks to himself “MaashaaAllaah!” He hears you talking about this verse from the Quraan, this hadeeth, the hadeeth being authentic, the hadeeth being weak, ‘aqeedah, Islamic history, the khulafaa’, ‘Umar said this, Abu Bakr said that – may Allaah be pleased with them all. However, you are ten centimeters when it comes to action, and when it comes to knowledge you are over three meters. There is no balance! This is a disease.

Having a lot of knowledge without action is a disease just like having a lot of action without knowledge.”

[At-Tarbiyyah Al-Jihaadiyyah Wal-Bina, by Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam, 3/182-183]

Quotes From The Salaf On Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , on January 1, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyyaad stated:

“The scholar who acts in accordance with his knowledge and teaches has an immense station in the Kingdom of Heaven.”

[Tirmidhee, in his sunan in “Kitaab Al-‘Ilm Baab Fadul Fiqh ‘Alal ‘Ibaadah”]

Ayyoob Ibn Al-Quryah said:

“The Sharee’ah is the religion of the intelligent and mild manners; and forbearance is his nature; and good opinion is his natural disposition.”

[Jaami Bayaan Al-‘Ilm Wa Fadhlihi, 1/46]

The Importance Of The Scholars, By Al-Aajuree

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , on October 2, 2013 by TheAuthenticBase

Muhammad Ibn Hasan Al-Aajuree has stated:

“What do you think, may Allaah bestow mercy upon you, about a roadway that has many harmful objects therein, of which the people are in need of traversing upon it on a pitch black night?

If there is no light then they will become bewildered and confused. Consequently, Allaah ordained lamps for them to illuminate the path for them so that they may traverse it with security and safety. Then different degrees of people came whom it was imperative for them to traverse upon it (this path) so they did so. In the midst of this, the lamps were extinguished, so they remained in darkness. Therefore, what do you think about them?

This is how the scholars are concerning the people. Many of the people do not know how to practice the obligations, or how to abstain form the prohibitions, or how to worship Allaah in every aspect of how the creation worships Him except by the preservation of the scholars.

When the scholar dies, the people become confused, they study knowledge after their (scholars’) death and ignorance becomes prevalent. Therefore, to Allaah we belong and to Him we shall return. It is a calamity, and there is no greater calamity than it.”

[“Akhlaaqul ‘Ulamaa” by Al-Aajuree, Pp. 28-29]