Archive for narrations

Criticising Narrators Without Any Fear

Posted in Hadith Studies with tags , , , , , , , , on January 1, 2015 by TheAuthenticBase

From among the righteous Salaf, there were men, who knew no fear when it came to criticising narrators, regardless whether that man was a ruler or the lowest man in society.

Likewise, they did not fear the blame of anyone, nor did they hesitate to proclaim openly any defect found in narrators.

It was said to Yahyaa Ibn Sa’eed Al-Qattaan:

“Do you not fear that these whose narrations you have abandoned will be your opponents before Allaah on the Day of Judgement?”

He said:

For these to be my opponents is more beloved to me than for the Messenger of Allaah (saw) to be my opponent, saying to me, ‘Why did you not expel lies from my hadeeth?‘ “

[Quoted in “The Sunnah And Its Role In Islamic Legislation” p.130]

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Some Conditions For Accepting Narrations

Posted in Hadith Studies with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 6, 2013 by TheAuthenticBase

Scholars lay down rules that explained in detail the criteria for accepting the narrations of a narrator and for rejecting them. The following four groups constitute the most important categories of narrators whose narrations are not accepted:

1) The liars who lied upon the Messenger of Allaah (saw). The scholars agree that narrations of hadeeth are not accepted from one who lied even once about the Prophet (saw). They also agree that it is one of the greatest sins to lie about the Prophet (saw). See this post for more info on whether a liar in hadeeth is a disbeliever or not.

2) The liars. Those who lie in their general talk, even if they never lied about the messenger of Allaah (saw). Scholars agree that if someone is known to have lied even once, then his narrations are not accepted. IMaam Maalike said, “But if one repents for his lies and then becomes known for truthfulness and uprightness, then the majority of scholars hold that both his repentance and narrations are accepted.”

3) The people of innovation and desires. The scholars agree that a narration is not accepted from an innovator who sinks into disbelief because of his innovation. The same ruling applies to the one who deems lying as being lawful, though he does not go into disbelief because of his innovation.

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Clinging To The Narrations

Posted in Biddah / Innovation, Knowledge with tags , , , , , , , , on July 29, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

It is reported that Muhammad b. Sîrîn said:

“They used to consider themselves on the [right] path as long as they followed al-athar (guidance of the Sunnah and Salaf as passed down in the narrations).” (1)

It is reported that ‘Uthmân b. Hâdir said:

“I said to Ibn ‘Abbâs: ‘advise me.’

He replied, ‘It is upon you to be upright, follow al-athar, and beware of innovating [in religion].’” (2)

It is reported that ‘Abdullâh b. Al-Mubârak said:

“Let it only be the narrations (al-athar) that you rely upon, and take from reasoning and opinion that amount that will help you to understand and explain hadîth.” (3)

It is reported that Sufyân Al-Thawrî said:

“The narrations (al-âthâr) are the religion.”

And it is reported that he also said:

“A man should not even scratch his head except based on a narration.” (4)

It is reported that Al-Musayyib b. Râfi’ Al-Asadî said:

“We only follow, we do not innovate; we follow behind and do not start anything [in the religion], and we will never stray as long as we adhere to the narrations.” (5)

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“O My Son, Cling To Narrations”

Posted in Biddah / Innovation, Inspirational Stories, Knowledge, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , , on December 2, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Qutaybah Ibn Sa’eed (149-240) said;

“At a young age I began to seek opinion (ra’ee), but then I saw in a dream that a bucket was let down from the sky and I saw the people trying to take water from it, but being unable to reach it.

So I came and looked into it, and I saw what was between the east and the west.

Then, when I awoke in the morning, I came to Mikhda’ Al-Bazzaar, who was proficient in interpreting dreams, and I told him about my dream.

So he said, “O my son, cling to the narrations, since opinion does not reach the east nor the west, rather that is only reached by the narrations.

So I abandoned opinions and took to the narrations.”

A Quick Bio Of Qutaybah Ibn Sa’eed:

Those who he narrates from includes the likes of: Imaam Maalik, Imaam Al-Layth, Ibn Al-Mubaarak, Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyaad, Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah, amongst others.

Those who narrate from him include the likes of: Imaam Bukhaaree, Imaam Muslim, Aboo Daawood, Nisaa’ee, Tirmidhee, Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Aboo Haatim amongst others.

He travelled to Makkah, Madeenah, ‘Iraaq, Shaam And Egypt, and died in 240H.

[Refer to “Siyaar A’laamin Nubulaa”, of Adh-Dhahabee, Vol. 11, Pp. 13-14]

Signs Of The Innovated Sects

Posted in 'Aqeedah, Biddah / Innovation, Various Other Misguided Sects/Groups Exposed with tags , , , , , , , , , , on October 13, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Imaam Aboo Haatim Ar-Raazee (d. 264) said:

“A sign of the people of innovation is their hatred of the people of narrations. A sign of the heretics is that they call the people of sunnah ‘Hashawiyyah’, wanting thereby to nullify the narrations. A sign of the Jahmiyyah (1) is that they call the people of the sunnah ‘Mushabbihah’ (2). A sign of the Qadariyah (3) is that they call the people of narrations ‘Mujbirah’ (4). A sign of the Murji’ah (5) is that they call the people of narrations ‘Mukhaalifah’ (Opponents) and ‘Nuqsaaniyyah’ (the Deficient Ones). A sign of the Raafidhah (6) is that they call the people of the sunnah ‘Naasibah’ (7). However the people of the sunnah are not deserving of any name except one, and it is absurd to gather them upon these names.”(8)

Footnotes:

(1) Jahmiyyah: The followers of Jahm Ibn Safwaan, the student of Ja’d Ibn Dirham, both of whom were executed  for their apostasy in the time of the later taabi’oon. Amongst their beliefs is that they deny the Attributes of Allaah and declare the Qur’aan to be created. Jahm Ibn Safwaan is the one who unleashed upon this Ummah the horrific innovation of Ta’teel (denial of Allaah’s Attributes) either directly, or by twisting the meaning of Hand of Allaah to mean: His Power or generosity. They also deny that Allaah is above the creation, above His Throne, as well as holding the belief that Paradise and Hellfire are not everlasting.

(2) Mushabbihah: Those who declare that Allaah (as well as His Attributes) are like His creation. This was first propagated by Muqaatil Ibn Sulaymaan Al-Khuraasaanee, during the era of the Taabi’oon.

(3) Qadariyah: They are also the followers of Jahm Ibn Safwaan. This sect was founded by Mu’bad Ibn Juhanee, in Basrah at the end of the era of the companions. They deny qadr (Divine Pre-Decree) of Allaah and believe that man creates his own actions, which are free from the Will and Power of Allaah.

(4) Mujbirah: they hold the belief that people have no free will, and are not responsible for their own actions, rather they are forced.

(5) Murji’ah: They hold the belief of irjaa’ (to hold that sins, major or minor, do not effect faith and that imaan neither increases nor decreases). They claim that actions are not a part of faith and that people do not vary in faith. The first to call to this belief was Gheelaan Ibn Abee Gheelaan Al-Qadaree. He was executed in 105H

(6) Raafidhah: They are the extreme Shee’ah who claim themselves the twelvers or Ja’fariyyah. This sect was formed by ‘Abdulaah Ibn Saba’, a Jew who appeared during the caliphate of ‘Uthmaan. He claimed to have love for ‘Alee and the Family of the Prophet (saw). They curse the companions and declare them to be disbelievers, especially Aboo BAkr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and the wives of te Prophet. They also believe that the Qur’aan is incomplete.

(7) Naasibah: Those who have hatred towards ‘Alee and the family of the Prophet.

(8) Related by Ibnut-Tabaree in As-Sunnah (1/189)

Imaam Al-Awzaa’ee’s Advice On Taking Narrations Over Opinions

Posted in 'Aqeedah, Biddah / Innovation, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , , , , , on October 13, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Imaam Al-Awzaa’ee (d. 157) said:

“Adhere to the narrations from those who have preceded,
even if the people reject you, and beware of the opinions of men,
even if they beautify it with speech.
So indeed the afair will become clear (for others),
while you are upon a straight path regarding it.”

[Bayhaqee in Al-Madkhal (no. 233) with an authentic chain of narrators]

He also said:

“So make yourself patient upon the Sunnah, stop where the people stopped, speak with what they spoke with, and refrain from what they refrained from. And follow the path of your Righteous Predecessors (Salafus Saaliheen) for verily, sufficient for you is that which was sufficient for them.”

[Al-Hijjah by Ismaa’eel Ibnul-Fadhl (6/a-b)]

Some Narrations Of The Imaams Of Sunnah Concerning The Excellence Of The Companions (ra)

Posted in Miscellaneous, Shiasm Exposed with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 27, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Some Narrations Of The Imaams Of Sunnah Concerning The Excellence Of The Companions (ra)

Taken from the Book: ‘The Narrations Mentioned by Imaams of the Sunnah in the Chapters of ‘Aqeedah from the Book ‘Siyaar ‘Alaam an-Nubala’

Researched By Jamaal bin Ahmad bin BasheeraBaadee

Translated by: Abbas Abu Yahya

Introduction

Verily Allaah Azza wa Jal has praised the Companions of His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in many places in His noble Book. He has praised them with the best and most complete of characteristics. Allaah blessed them with His being pleased with them and with repentance. He informed them of what He has prepared for them of a generous reward and an eternally great recompense in Paradise.

Allaah said: < >[Taubah:100]

Allaah said: <> [Taubah: 117]

Allaah said: <> [al-Fath: 29]

Allaah said: <>[al-Hadeed: 10]

Allaah said:<>[al-Hashr:8-9]

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said, explaining the first Aayah: ‘Allaah made a share of what He mentioned and prepared for the Companions, of Him being pleased with them and Paradise for those who followed the Companions in goodness.’[i]

He continues saying:‘So whoever follows the first to embrace Islaam, then he is from them. They are the best of people after the Prophets. Indeed the Ummah of Muhammad is the best Ummah that came for the people and the Companions are the best of the Ummah of Muhammad.’[ii] Then he derived from this principle an important issue, which is the obligation of following the Companions in what they were upon of knowledge, action and Deen for the one who wants success and salvation.

Shaykh-ul-Islaam said: ‘Due to this, knowing the statements of the Companions concerning knowledge, Deen and their actions, is better and more beneficial than knowing the statements and actions in all sciences of the Deen and its actions of those who came later such as in Tafseer, principles of the Deen and its branches, Zuhud, worship, manners, Jihad etc. This is because the Companions are better than those who came after them as the Book and the Sunnah indicate. So following the Companions is better than following those after them. Having knowledge of their Ijmaa’ (consensus) and disputes about knowledge and Deen is better and more beneficial than having knowledge of what is mentioned of the Ijmaa’ and disputes of other than them. This is because their Ijmaa’ is nothing other than faultless and if they disputed, then the truth never escaped them.’[iii]

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