Archive for study

The Sahaabah: A Generation Of The Quraan

Posted in Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , on November 30, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

A plethora of evidence demonstrates that the Companions actively took part in the policy of teaching the Quraan during the Madanee period. The following narrations represent, as usual, only a fraction of the evidences:

- ‘Ubaada Ibn As-Saamit taught the Quraan during the Prophet’s lifetime.

- Ubayy also taught during the Prophet’s lifetime in Madeenah, even trekking regularly to teach a blind man in his house.

- Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree states that he sat with a group of immigrants (muhaajiroon) while a qaari (reciter) read for them.

- Sahl Ibn Sa’d Al-Ansaaree said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting to each other…” .

- ‘Uqba Ibn ‘Aamir remarked, “The Prophet came to us while we were in the mosque, teaching each other the Quraan.”

- Jaabir Ibn ‘Abdillaah said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reading the Quraan, our gathering consisted of both Arabs and non-Arabs…”

- Anas Ibn Maalik said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting, among us Arabs and non-Arabs, blacks and whites…”

Additional evidence shows that the Companion travelled beyond Madeenah to serve as instructors:

- Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal was dispatched to yemen.

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The Scholars And Their Travelling For Hadeeths

Posted in Hadith Studies, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , on April 25, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Sa’eed Ibn Al-Musayyib once said, “I used to travel for nights and days, searching out a single hadeeth.” [Jaami' Al-Bayaan Al-'Ilm, 1/94]

Bishr Ibn ‘Abdullaah Al-Hadramee said, “I used to travel from one city to another, seeking out a single hadeeth that I wanted to hear.

Ash-Sha’bee related a hadeeth from the prophet (saw) and when he finished, he said to the man to whom he spoke, “You have taken it for nothing, a man used to travel for something less than this to Madeenah.” [Jaami' bayaan Al-'Ilm, 1/92]

The Evils Of having The Youth Detached From The Scholars, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on April 24, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan mentions:

“Ignorance is prevailing amongst the adolescent concerning their religion. This is because they don’t study their religion and its sciences enough where they can distinguish between bad and good, between harmful and beneficial and between halaal and haraam.

The solution for this problem is to have the youth establish study circles with the scholars established in masjids, schools and other places. These sittings should address and clarify their problems, and clear the path in front of them. Indeed, the scholars have a great responsibility towards the youth.

However I bitterly say that there is a large gap between the scholars and the youth. The majority of the scholars are on one side and the youth are on the other.

This is from among the things that harm the youth.

Whenever the youth attach themselves to the scholars, they gain clarity concerning their affairs. On the other hand, whenever the youth are detached from the scholars, this huge deterioration occurs.”

[Taken from "Min Mushkilaat Ash-Shabaab Wa Kayfa 'Aaleejuha Islaam" by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan, Pp. 33-34]

Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Notes, Janaa’iz (Funerals), Ch. 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1]

Posted in Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Classes with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 30, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

[As usual my notes will be indented written in gray text. However due to the length of this topic I will devide it into three segments]

Chapter 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1 of 3]

Chapter 9a: Funeral Prayer, its Legal Status

There is a consensus among all the great Muslim jurists that a funeral prayer for a deceased person (1) is a collective obligation or fard kifayah. The Prophet, peace be upon him, commanded the Muslims to offer it, and they have been doing so ever since they received this commandment.

(1) … in congregation…

And it is waajib to do so (in congregation) because the Prophet (saw) said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.” [Bukhaaree]

If the janaazah prayer is done individually it would suffice and the obligation (of offering the janaazah prayer) would be fulfiled but they would sin for leaving off the jamaa’ah (congregation).

As An-Nawawee said, “There is no difference that it is permissible to pray janaazah individually. But the sunnah is to pray in jamaa’ah (congregation.” [Al-Majmoo' 5/314]

The minimum people to establish a congregation is three, if there are two people than one stands behind the other, not next to him (this will be discussed later inshaaAllaah).

Abu Hurairah reported that when the Prophet, peace be upon him, was informed of the death of a person, he used to ask: ‘Does he owe anything to anyone?‘ If the answer was in the affirmative, he would then ask: ‘Has he (the deceased) left anything to settle his debt?‘ If he had left something to settle his debt, he would offer the funeral prayer for him. Otherwise, he would say to the Muslims: ‘Offer a (funeral) prayer for your brother‘ (Bukhari 5371 and Muslim 1691).

With regards to paying off the debt, that has been discussed in the previous chapter “What to do when someone dies“.

Chapter 9b: Reward for Offering Funeral Prayer

The following hadeeth can be divided into two parts. Part 1:

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The Vast Extent Of Ash-Sha’bee’s Knowledge

Posted in Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on February 27, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Ash-Sha’bee said:

“For 20 years I have not heard a man narrate hadeeth except that I know more about it than him.

I had forgotten some knowledge, the extent of which if a person were to memorize (it), he would be a scholar.”

Is it Permissible For a Father To Prevent His Daughter From Marriage For The Purpose of Completing Her Studies?

Posted in Marriage, Miscellaneous, Parenting, Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , , on July 21, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Abdullaah bin Abdul Rahman Al-Ghudayaan

[Presented and Translated by Mustafa George DeBerry]

Question: Is it permissible for a father to prevent his daughter from marriage for the purpose of completing her studies?

Answer: The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “If a person approaches you who is upright in his religion and possess good character, then marry him(to your daughter or the likes). If you don’t, there will be much corruption and evil throughout the Earth.”

Therefore, if a man approaches, and he has good religion and good character, if he is trustworthy etc, it is not permissible for the father to prevent the marriage from taking place. It is possible that the father makes an agreement with the man who is marrying his daughter, that she completes her studies. This is because there is no doubt that in completing her studies is a benefit for the husband, the children, whether they are males or females, in the future, as well as benefit for the female and the Muslims as a whole. If this female completes her studies, she can teach and benefit the Muslims in the future. I don’t think if the man has good character and religion, that he would want to prevent his wife from completing her studies.

How To Get Accepted Into Madeenah Uni

Posted in Additional Info On Islamic Universities with tags , , , , , , , , , , on May 10, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

[Written by brother Khaldun - A crurrent student enrolled at Madeenah University]

Now there is no simple answer or way to this, as muslims we believe in the Qadr of Allah. If it is written for you it will happen and if not then do not be sad about it.
Disclaimer! Please remember this is in no way a promise, even if you did implement these things it does not guarantee your acceptance.

1. Sincerity

Ask yourself, why do you want to go to Madeenah and study? Is it to become someone? To make a name for yourself? Most of you might say of course not, but then ask yourself, are you actively seeking knowledge where you are now? If not, what makes you think you will do so in Madeenah?

2. Du’aa from the Parents

This is very important, yet we see a lot of people wasting this opportunity. They might feel shy etc. Be kind to your parents and ask them to make du’aa for you, remind them constantly. The Prophet told us that the du’aa of the parent is always accepted so make the most of it.

When I applied to the uni, my father took me to his father all the way in Somalia, now my grandfather is a bedouin about 90 years old, so when we came there my father entered my grandfathers little hut explaining to him that I wanted to go to the city of the Prophet and learn the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, afterwards I was called in and my grandfather made a lot of du’aa for me.

The point is, try to get du’aa from your parents, uncles, even righteous (living) people in general.

3. Know someone here

When applying, try to come here in person have all your papers ready, if possible try to get a senior student to go with you into the office and by senior I mean a doctor or the likes of it.

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If You Can’t Become A Scholar Then Do This…

Posted in Adab (Manners), Dunya | Aakhirah, Knowledge, Miscellaneous, Words Of Wisdom with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 25, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

If You Can’t Become A Scholar Then Do This…

Umar ibn Abdul Azeez (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ فَكُنْ عَالِماً

Become a scholar if you are able.

فَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ فَكُنْ مُتَعَلِّماً

If you are not able, then be a student.

وَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ فَأَحَبَّهُمْ

If you can not, then show love for them.

وَإِنْ لَمْ تَسْتَطِعْ فَلا َتَبْغَضُهُمْ.

If you are unable to do that, then (at least) do not hate them.

(جَامِعُ ْبَيَانِ الْعِلْم وَ فَضْله #١٤٣)

Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Notes, Janaa’iz (Funerals), Ch. 6: Washing The Dead

Posted in Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Classes with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 8, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Fiqh-Us-Sunnah, Volume 4, Janaa’iz (Funerals)

CHAPTER 6: Washing The Dead

{{NOTE: Please note that all my notes from my study circle/class are between these double-curly brackets in italic. }}

CHAPTER 6a: Washing The Dead

The majority of jurists are of the opinion that washing the body of a dead Muslim is a fard kifayah or a collective obligation. If some people attend to it, it is done on behalf of all, as commanded by Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him, and practiced by the Muslim community.

CHAPTER 6b: Who Is To Be Washed And Who Is Not

The body of a deceased Muslim, other than one killed {{NOTE: Instantly}} in a battlefield by the infidels {{NOTE: or by the kuffaar or wrongdoers}}, should be washed.

CHAPTER 6c: Washing Severed Parts Of A Body

There is a difference of opinion among Muslim jurists concerning washing parts severed from a body. According to (a) Ash-Shafi’i, (b) Ahmad and (c) Ibn Hazm these parts must be washed and shrouded, and funeral prayer should be offered for the departed soul.

{{NOTE: Now to look at what each of these three said:}}

(a) Ash-Shafi’i said: “We were informed that a bird dropped a (human) hand in Makkah after the Battle of the Camel. The people identified it by a ring on one of its fingers (It was the hand of Abdul al-Rahman ibn ‘Itab ibn Usayd (probably killed in the battle)). It was washed and a (funeral) prayer was offered on it. This was witnessed by many Companions alive at the time.

(b) Ahmad said: Abu Ayub offered funeral prayer on a (severed) foot of a dead person, while ‘Umar offered prayer on a dead man’s bones.

(c) Ibn Hazm said: “A funeral prayer may be offered on any organ found from a dead Muslim’s body. It should be washed and shrouded, except when it is part of a martyr’ s body.” Ibn Hazm further remarks that offering prayer on any organ found from a Muslim’s body is analogous {{NOTE: i.e., similar}} to praying for the whole person of the deceased, namely, for body and soul.

Abu Hanifah and Malik say, however, that, “If more than half of a Muslim ‘s body is found, then it should be washed and funeral prayer be offered on it, but otherwise it should not be washed nor should any funeral prayer be offered on it. {{NOTE: No textual proof. Second paragraph, hand of sahaabah found then it was washed and a funeral prayer was offered over it (a hand!), so this cancels out this opinion.}}

{{NOTE: Side note: You can only open up a grave if a person was not washed or shrouded (like the prophet (saw) done to a hypocrite) or to put a body part in (as long as it doesn’t ruin the bones) or even if you drop a valuable item in it and need to take it out.}}

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Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia

Posted in Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 24, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Opportunities For Sisters To Study The Deen / Live In Saudi Arabia

***Please note that I have no contact/link with the universities. Please do not provide your e-mail address, telephone number or any other personal details. I am just a brother who has collected/gathered this information together so as to help those who wish to study the deen in an Islamic University by providing some information. Again, please do not provide any contact details to myself. Jazaak-Illaahu khaira.***

Also, when asking me a question, please keep speech to a minimum. No ‘lol’, no smiley faces, no excessive talking etc.  I’m a brother just like any other brother…  (Jazaak illaahu khaira) Excessive speech will be edited/deleted.

To proceed;

There are a few ways in which a sister can study the deen / live in Saudi Arabia. One way is by applying directly to the respected universities (if you already have a mahram there in saudi). For those who do not have any mahrams in saudi, then another way is to get your mahram (husband, brother, father, father-in-law, son etc.) to apply along with you. And finally, to live in Saudi can be done by your mahram (husband only) calling you over once he has his own place and is working there in the Kingdom.

I will discuss these below:

Studying The Deen In Saudi

Saudi has four main universities where the deen is taught at a high level.

- Islamic University of Madinah, (Madinah, Saudi Arabia)

- Umm Al-Qura University (Makkah, Saudi Arabia)

- Imam University (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)

- Daar Al-Hadith (al-Khayriyyah) (Makkah, Saudi Arabia)

UPDATE: A full list of the Saudi Government Universities can be found on this page. Masha-Allaah there’s quite a lot of Universities in the Kingdom…

- Madinah University:

As for Madinah University, then there are no courses for sisters. Madinah University only caters for brothers and brothers only.

UPDATE: Madinah University May be planning to extend their University to also accept female students. They are making progress in terms of the sisters’ facilities, and we may see something more concrete next year – and Allah knows best. Not only does this open the door to sisters who want to apply, but also could potentially make it much easier for married students.

UPDATE: (31/03/10) With regards to sisters studying the deen in saudi while their husbands are students in Madeenah uni, the following can be considered:

There are women teachers of course, but the male scholars have the most famous halaqaat (in Masjid Un-Nabawi), and they also teach the sisters.

There are basically two main types of women’s teaching which is done by men.

* At the Masjid An-Nabawi, the audio is transferred from the shaykh’s microphone and broadcast into a certain area of the women’s section (which is completely separate, unlike Makkah, which is partially separate). The women who want to learn from that shaykh sit in that certain place, so that they can hear the audio.

* In the Islamic institutions, colleges, etc. – They teach via one way video link, and the sisters have an audio link and a classroom assistant who manages the whole thing. The shaykh can hear their questions, but can’t see them, and they can both see and hear the shaykh. The classroom assistant is a woman who makes sure they all behave themselves. There is an amazing 3 year course which is taught in this manner by some of the major scholars in Madinah.

I know there are women who teach as well, and I’m sure there are some prominent people of knowledge amongst them, but they don’t have a really open role, and the major halaqaat are still taught by the male scholars.

Allah knows best.

So if sisters can learn the Arabic language (which can also be done while they are there in Madeenah via private tuition) they can then “attend” the halaqahs by the noble shaykhs at Masjid An-Nabawi.

- Umm Al-Qura University:

As for Umm Al-Qura University, then sisters can apply here as they do cater for sisters. Sisters would, however, need to apply with their mahram or already have a mahram living in Makkah throughout her time there. Unlike the other three universities, Umm Al-Qura is not solely an Islamic University, it is just like any other university in Saudi Arabia, however one of its departments/faculties is Islamic Studies. The Arabic program is for two years and all classes maintain an Islamic environment where sisters can relax with their hijaab.

Like all universities listed above (excluding Daar Al-Hadith), the university pays it’s student a monthly stipend of roughly SR. 845 and also provides free hostels (accommodation) for it’s students. If a sister is there with her husband and wishes to live with him, then they can do so at their own expenditure, which will obviously be away from the main batch of hostels. If she wishes to stay in the universities hostel (which may be the case if she is there with her brother) then accommodation is free.

The tuition is likewise free, irrespective of where she stays. The students also get one free round-trip air ticket every summer holiday.

For more information, please visit this page.

- Imam University:

As for Imam University, then this also caters for sisters.

Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University does have a women’s section, unlike the Islamic University of Madinah which is a male-only University, but this section of the University does not offer scholarships to foreign women to study. The Arab women that do attend are either housed in their own dorms or remain with family members living in Riyadh.

* * *Awaiting for more info* * *

- Daar Al-Hadith:

As for Daar Al-Hadith, then unlike the above mentioned three universities this is not governmentally run. It also doesnt have a Arabic program which means students must already be fluent in Arabic. It only caters for sisters who are residing legally in Makkah, Saudi ‘Arabia, and show proof for their legal residence.

Best Option:

The best option for sisters would be to apply along with their mahrams to Umm Al-Qura University. However, if sisters wish to live in Saudi, then things are a bit different. Below is the information regarding that.

Living In Saudi

As for living in Saudi Arabia, then this seems to be a more easier option for sisters than it is for brothers. Brothers wishing to live in Saudi usually go on a teaching course (usually a TEFL or a CELTA) and apply for a job in Saudi Arabia. Sisters however can simply get their husbands to apply and then go over with them.

A Sister can likewise apply to a TEFL or CELTA course depending on her circumstance. As for a married sister, than it is better for her to get her husband to apply on one of the english teaching courses. Once he has passed the course, he can apply for a job in Saudi Arabia and call her over. If I’m not mistaken, she can go with him to live in Saudi Arabia from day one (unlike if her husband applies to one of the Saudi Universities and gets accepted, as this way he will have to apply once he is there, and this could be very difficult).

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Ibn Taymiyyah’s Memory

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on February 23, 2010 by TheAuthenticBase

Ibn Taymiyyah’s Memory

In the publisher’s introduction to ‘as-Sarim al-Maslul ‘ala Shatim ar-Rasul,’ further proof of Ibn Taymiyyah’s genius, where he quotes al-Bazzar as saying:

“And from the strangest of things in regards to this is that during his first trial in Egypt, he was taken and jailed, such that he was prevented from having access to his books. During this time, he authored many books – small and large – and mentioned in them what was of ahadith, narrations, statements of the Companions, names of the scholars of Hadith, authors and their works – and he attributed each of these to their proper sources, specifically by name. He also mentioned the names of the books in which each narration was found, as well as where in the books to find them. All of this was purely from his memory, as at the time, he did not have a single book with him to use as a reference. These books were then published and looked over, and – praise be to Allah – not a single mistake was found in any of them, nor did anything need to be changed in them.

And from these books is ‘as-Sarim al-Maslul ‘ala Shatim ar-Rasul,’ and this is from the virtue that Allah – the Exalted – reserved especially for him.”

And to give you an idea of the vastness of the book, the publisher’s introduction goes on to mention that it contains over 250 ahadith, 100 athar, the mention of over 600 famous personalities throughout the history of Ahl as-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah, collected information from over 40 references (and these are just the ones he mentioned by name) – all from memory, and this entire book was written in response to one single incident in which Ibn Taymiyyah heard a Christian insulting the Prophet!

Translated by Abu Sabaya