Archive for study

Ash-Shaam: Then And Now

Posted in Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on October 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

In the general masjid of Damascus, Abu Dardaa (ra) conducted a large circle of learning, one that was attended by more than 1600 students. Aboo Dardaa (ra) would teach them in groups, with each group consisting of 10 students. There was a spirit of competition in the air, with each group wanting to spend the most time with, and therefore benefit the most from, Aboo Dardaa (ra).

For his part, Aboo Dardaa (ra) was readily accessible to his students, he would often stand in a designated place in order to answer their questions about how to recite the Quraan.

Of all the Prophet’s Companions, Aboo Dardaa (ra) is deemed to have had the most influence on the inhabitants of Damascus, as he was their faqeeh and their judge.

[Ghaayatun Nihaayah Fee Tabqaat Al-Qurraa, by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p. 1607]

Studying in The West

Posted in Brothers Base, Killing The Fitna, Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , , , , on June 4, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam said:

“I declare it forbidden for the youth to study in the West, except if they are married. Hear it from me; it is forbidden for a youth to study in the west, unless he is married. Relay on my behalf, even if it is one fatwa: it is not allowed, not allowed, not allowed. How can one protect himself? It is impossible to protect oneself, except through marriage.

It is impossible, impossible, impossible for the unmarried person to live there, unless he is abnormal. If he is abnormal, then he might be able to live there. As for the normal human being, then how my brother? Sex is available like water, and it is allowed, according to the law, in the street, everywhere!”

[Fee Dhilaal Soorah At-Tawbah, p.12]

A Not-So-Smart Orientalists

Posted in Hadith Studies, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , on May 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

When a certain amount of research finally yields a theory, academia dictates that this theory must face rigorous testing. If it fails then it must be either modified and retested, or abandoned altogether.

But studies of Islaam [done by non-Muslims] are unfortunately littered with ill-conceived theories that have ascended to the point of almost becoming hard facts, even when they fail on several counts.

[For example] Professor Wensinck comments on the famous hadeeth regarding the five pillars of Islaam:

“Islaam has been built on five pillars: testifying there is no god but Allaah, performing the prayers, paying the zakaah, fasting Ramadhaan, and making the pilgrimage to the House (Ka’bah).” [Saheeh Muslim]

He views this as spurious since it contains the kaimah shahaadah (bearing testimony that there is no god but Allaah). According to his view, the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad introduced the kalimah only after coming across some Christians in Syria who employed a declaration of faith, this thieving this idea from the Christians to develop one of the core pillars of Islaam.

Confronted with the problem that the kalimah shahaadah is also part of the tashahhud in the daily prayers, Wensinck put forward another theory instead of modifying his earlier one: the prayer was standardised after the Prophet’s death [see Wensinck, Muslim Creed, p. 19-32].

Perhaps a further theory is required, since Wensinck has not explained the existence of the kalimah in the adhaan and the iqaamah, nor when these two were introduced into Islaam.

[“The History of The Quranic Text”, by M. M. Al-Azami, see preface p. xix]

The Sahaabah: A Generation Of The Quraan

Posted in Qur'an with tags , , , , , , , on November 30, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

A plethora of evidence demonstrates that the Companions actively took part in the policy of teaching the Quraan during the Madanee period. The following narrations represent, as usual, only a fraction of the evidences:

- ‘Ubaada Ibn As-Saamit taught the Quraan during the Prophet’s lifetime.

- Ubayy also taught during the Prophet’s lifetime in Madeenah, even trekking regularly to teach a blind man in his house.

- Aboo Sa’eed Al-Khudree states that he sat with a group of immigrants (muhaajiroon) while a qaari (reciter) read for them.

- Sahl Ibn Sa’d Al-Ansaaree said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting to each other…” .

- ‘Uqba Ibn ‘Aamir remarked, “The Prophet came to us while we were in the mosque, teaching each other the Quraan.”

- Jaabir Ibn ‘Abdillaah said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reading the Quraan, our gathering consisted of both Arabs and non-Arabs…”

- Anas Ibn Maalik said, “The Prophet came to us while we were reciting, among us Arabs and non-Arabs, blacks and whites…”

Additional evidence shows that the Companion travelled beyond Madeenah to serve as instructors:

- Mu’aadh Ibn Jabal was dispatched to yemen.

Continue reading

The Scholars And Their Travelling For Hadeeths

Posted in Hadith Studies, Methodology Of The Salaf with tags , , , , , , on April 25, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Sa’eed Ibn Al-Musayyib once said, “I used to travel for nights and days, searching out a single hadeeth.” [Jaami’ Al-Bayaan Al-‘Ilm, 1/94]

Bishr Ibn ‘Abdullaah Al-Hadramee said, “I used to travel from one city to another, seeking out a single hadeeth that I wanted to hear.

Ash-Sha’bee related a hadeeth from the prophet (saw) and when he finished, he said to the man to whom he spoke, “You have taken it for nothing, a man used to travel for something less than this to Madeenah.” [Jaami’ bayaan Al-‘Ilm, 1/92]

The Evils Of having The Youth Detached From The Scholars, By Sh. Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Posted in Brothers Base, Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on April 24, 2012 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan mentions:

“Ignorance is prevailing amongst the adolescent concerning their religion. This is because they don’t study their religion and its sciences enough where they can distinguish between bad and good, between harmful and beneficial and between halaal and haraam.

The solution for this problem is to have the youth establish study circles with the scholars established in masjids, schools and other places. These sittings should address and clarify their problems, and clear the path in front of them. Indeed, the scholars have a great responsibility towards the youth.

However I bitterly say that there is a large gap between the scholars and the youth. The majority of the scholars are on one side and the youth are on the other.

This is from among the things that harm the youth.

Whenever the youth attach themselves to the scholars, they gain clarity concerning their affairs. On the other hand, whenever the youth are detached from the scholars, this huge deterioration occurs.”

[Taken from “Min Mushkilaat Ash-Shabaab Wa Kayfa ‘Aaleejuha Islaam” by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan, Pp. 33-34]

Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Notes, Janaa’iz (Funerals), Ch. 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1]

Posted in Fiqh-Us-Sunnah Classes with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 30, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

[As usual my notes will be indented written in gray text. However due to the length of this topic I will devide it into three segments]

Chapter 9: The Funeral Prayer [Part 1 of 3]

Chapter 9a: Funeral Prayer, its Legal Status

There is a consensus among all the great Muslim jurists that a funeral prayer for a deceased person (1) is a collective obligation or fard kifayah. The Prophet, peace be upon him, commanded the Muslims to offer it, and they have been doing so ever since they received this commandment.

(1) … in congregation…

And it is waajib to do so (in congregation) because the Prophet (saw) said, “Pray as you have seen me praying.” [Bukhaaree]

If the janaazah prayer is done individually it would suffice and the obligation (of offering the janaazah prayer) would be fulfiled but they would sin for leaving off the jamaa’ah (congregation).

As An-Nawawee said, “There is no difference that it is permissible to pray janaazah individually. But the sunnah is to pray in jamaa’ah (congregation.” [Al-Majmoo’ 5/314]

The minimum people to establish a congregation is three, if there are two people than one stands behind the other, not next to him (this will be discussed later inshaaAllaah).

Abu Hurairah reported that when the Prophet, peace be upon him, was informed of the death of a person, he used to ask: ‘Does he owe anything to anyone?‘ If the answer was in the affirmative, he would then ask: ‘Has he (the deceased) left anything to settle his debt?‘ If he had left something to settle his debt, he would offer the funeral prayer for him. Otherwise, he would say to the Muslims: ‘Offer a (funeral) prayer for your brother‘ (Bukhari 5371 and Muslim 1691).

With regards to paying off the debt, that has been discussed in the previous chapter “What to do when someone dies“.

Chapter 9b: Reward for Offering Funeral Prayer

The following hadeeth can be divided into two parts. Part 1:

Continue reading