Archive for tawheed

Means To Shirk Which The Hanbalee Scholars Have Forbade

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , , , , , on August 11, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Imaam Ahmad attched the utmost importance to the issue of dharaa’i’ (preventing the means). It has arrived from Imaam Ahmad and some of his followers that they forbade the means that lead to shirk such as:

– plastering over graves (in order to make them permanent structures) (1)

– building over them (2)

– writing on them (3)

– taking them as masjids (4)

– facing them when making du’aa (5)

– prostrating to them

– praying by them (6)

– kissing them (7)

– using bukhoor by them

– placing lamps on them (8)

– placing pavilions and tents over them (9)

– covering them

– making tawaaf around them (10)

– seeking cures for diseases at them (11)

– touching them (12)

– and travelling to them (13)

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Know Shirk In Order To Avoid It

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , on July 6, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

As Aboo Bakr Bin Muhammad Al-Hanbalee said:

“Shirk is the worst disease to afflict a person, it is when a person is set up as a partner with Allaah and this is contrary to tawheed. For that reason, I advise myself and every Muslim male and female to know shirk in order to stay away from it…” (1)

Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee said:

“You should know that shirk can either be in Ruboobiyyah or in Uloohiyyah (2)…

The tawheed of the worshipper is not perfected until after he has understood shirk, its types and causes, just as the poet said:

I knew the evil so as not to fall into it,
Whoever does not know the good from the evil will fall into it.” (3)

Footnotes:

(1) Al-‘Aqeedah Fi Safahaat, p. 39

(2) The Muftee Of makkah of his time, Shaykh Aboo Bakr Bin Muhammad ‘Aarif Khuqayr (d. 1340H) said, “Ruboobiyyah is from Him to His servants, and worship from His servants is for Him (alone).” [Kitaab Maa Laa Buda Minhu, p. 30]

(3) Stated by Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee in Al-‘Iqd Uth-Thameen, Pp. 18-19

The Definition Of Shirk According To The Shaafi’ee Scholar ‘Alee Suwaydee

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on July 1, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee said:

“A person is not a Muwahhid (Monotheist) with the sought-after tawheed unless he has freed himself from all that which includes shirk.

Contrary to the Muwahhid is the Mushrik who has shirk in certain types whether in statements, actions or in beliefs, dealings or in his agreement and beautifying of it, or his being pleased in speaking with it and listening to it…

As a result, they associated between the Creator and the creation in love, hope, fear, withholding, giving, closeness and farness…

You see that the Quraan and the hadeeth mention shirk and the Mushrikeen more than it mentions kufr and the Kaafiroon.”

[Stated by Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee in Al-‘Iqd Uth-Thameen, Pp. 18-19]

Even The Prophets Feared Falling Into Shirk!

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , , , , , on June 27, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee says, after mentioning the du’aa the Prophet (saw) used to do in asking refuge from Allaah against falling into shirk:

“The Khaleel of Allaah Ibraaheem (as), said:

…and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols.” [14:35]

Although his children were Prophets and Messengers! So if this was the last of the Prophets and this was how the Friend of the Lord of the Worlds was, that they both sought refuge from shirk and sought liberation with Allaah from it, and they both feared falling into it, and they were the best of the Messengers of Allaah, so what about others whoever they may be!?”

[Stated by Allaamah ‘Alee Suwaydee Ash-Shaafi’ee in Al-‘Iqd Uth-Thameen, Pp. 119-120]

The Definition Of Shirk According To The Hanafee Scholar Abul Hasan An-Nadwee, Part 2

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 17, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Abul Hasan An-Nadwee Al-Hanafee said:

“Shirk does not just depend on people equating a person with Allaah without a difference, rather the reality of shirk is that a person comes with actions which are specific for Allaah in His ‘Uloohiyyah and performing them to a person, such as sujood, slaughter, making vows, seeking help when in need, believing that he is present in every place, affirming actions in the universe to him – affirming all of this for him is shirk and makes a person a Mushrik.”

[Taqwiyat Al-Imaan, Pp. 22-23 (urdu vers.) & An-Nadwee, Risaalat At-Tawheed, Pp. 32-33]

The Definition Of Shirk According To The Hanafee Scholar Abul Hasan An-Nadwee, Part 1

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 15, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

Shaykh Abul Hasan An-Nadwee Al-Hanafee said:

“(You should) know that shirk has become widespread among the people during this era to the extent that sincere tawheed has become strange. However, most of the people do not know the meaning of shirk and claim that they have eemaan (correct belief) even though they are entrenched in shirk and polluted by it.

So what is important before anything is for people to fully comprehend the meaning of shirk and tawheed and their rulings in the Quraan and hadeeth.”

He then goes on to mention:

“Know that shirk does not just stop at a person making someone equal with Allaah and viewing them as being the same with no difference, rather the reality of shirk is manifest when a person performs actions that are specifically for Allaah and His Elevated Self, and are symbols of servitude to Allaah, and directs them to a person, such as: … believing that a person is omnipresent everywhere (haadhir naadhir), affirming that a person has the ability to control within (the world) – all of that confirms shirk and deems a person a Mushrik.

This is even if the person believes that this person, angel or jinn that is prostrated to, slaughtered to, vowed to or sought help from is less in status than Allaah and affirms that Allaah is the Creator while the object (to whom these practices of worship are dedicated) is a servant and creation (of Allaah).

And there is no difference in this between Prophets, awliyaa, jinn, shayateen, powerful jinn (‘afaareet) – whoever treats these with such actions and practices of worship is a Mushrik.”

[Taqwiyat Al-Eemaan]

The Six Categories Of Shirk

Posted in Tawheed/Shirk with tags , , , , , , on May 31, 2011 by TheAuthenticBase

The Muftee Of Makkah of his time, Shaykh Aboo Bakr Bin Muhammad ‘Aarif Khuqayr (d. 1340H) divided shirk into shix categories:

1) Shirk in Independence (Istiqlaal: affirming two independant gods, like the shirk of the Magians.

2) Shirk in Division (Tab’eedh): which is extracting a god from another god, like the shirk of the Christians.

3) Shirk in Nearness (Taqreeb): worshipping other than Allaah in order to gain nearness to Him. (1)

4) Shirk of Taqleed: like the shirk of the later people of the times of Jaahiliyyah.

5) Shirk in Causes (Asbaab): to ascribe causes to toher than the Power of Allaah as the philosophers and atheists do when they say, ‘it rained due to the planet tempset (alone)’.

6) Shirk in Needs (Aghraadh): doing actions for other than Allaah and this is judged as being sinful as some of the scholars have mentioned.

[Kitaan Maa Laa Budda Minhu, p. 31]

Footnotes:

(1) Based on the saying of Allaah, quoting the Mushrikeen, “ ‘We only worship them that they may bring us closer to Allaah in position,’ ” [39:3]