The Baghdad Massacre Of 656H

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on October 25, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Regarding massacre that occurred in Baghdad in 656H, Ibn Katheer states:

“When the Tartars descended on the city of Baghdad, they killed whomever they met of men, women and children, young and old. Many people tried to hide in wells, rubbish dumps and sewers, where they stayed for several days. Some people locked themselves in inns and guesthouses, but the Tartars broke into every such house, and chased the people they found there to the roofs where they killed them.

Gutters and alleys were overflowing with blood, and so were mosques and other places of worship. The only survivors were the Jews an the Christians in the city and those who sought refuge with them, and those who were given shelter in the house of Ibn Al-‘Alqamee, the Shee’ah minister. A group of businessmen were also spared and given safety after they had paid large sums of money for the purpose. Baghdad, which used to be the most friendly and peaceful of cities, was totally in ruin, inhabited only by a small portion of its original population, and even these were living in fear, hunger and humiliation.

Reports on the number of Muslims killed in Baghdad in this battle vary, with some estimating the dead to be 800,000, while other reports suggest the dead numbered 1,000,000, and still others putting the estimate at 2,000,000 people. We can only sy what Muslims are recommended to say at the time of a calamity, “To God we belong and to Him do we return… All power belongs to God, the Most High, the Almighty.”

The Tartars entered Baghdad towards the end of the month of Muharram, and continued the killing of its population for 40 days. The Caliph, Al-Mu’tasim Billaah was killed on Wednesday 14 Safar and his grave was erased. On the day of his death he was 46 years of age and 4 months. His reign lasted for 15 years, 8 months and a few days. His eldest son, Ahmad Aboo Al-‘Abbaas, was killed at the same time at the age of 25, while his middle son, ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan, who was 23, was killed a short while later. His youngest son, Mubaarak, and his 3 sisters, Faatimah, Khadeejah and Maryam, were taken prisoner.

The most prominent scholar in Baghdad, Shaykh Yoosuf Ibn Shaykh Aboo Al-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzee, who was hostile to the Minister was killed together with his 3 sons, ‘Abdullaah, ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan and Abd Al-Kareem. All the nobility in the city were killed one by one. Prominent among these were Mujahid Al-Deen Aybak, and Shihaab Al-Deen Sulaymaan Shaah and many others. Anyone who belonged to the ‘Abbaas ruling family might be called out, and he would have to go with his women and children to the Al-Khallaal graveyard, where he would be slaughtered like a sheep. The Tartars might choose some of his daughters or other women in his household to keep as prisoners. The most prominent and eldest scholar in Baghdad, ‘Alee Ibn Al-Nayyaar, who had educated the Caliph when he was young, was also killed as well as most Imaams and scholars in the city. Mosques were abandoned and no congregational or Friday prayer was held in and mosque for several months in Baghdad.

After 40 days, when the massacre was over, Baghdad was in total ruin, with only the odd person walking about. Dead bodies were placed in heaps in the streets. Rain had changed their colour and their bodies had begun to rot. The smell in the city was most awful and there were outbreaks of several diseases which moved far and wide, reaching as far as Syria. People were then facing scarcity of necessary commodities, an unabating massacre, as well as epidemics. Those were indeed hard times.

When safety was announced for the survivors, those who were hiding in holes and graveyards came out. Thy looked so pale as though they were brought back from the dead. They were practically unrecognisable, to the extent that a father might not recognise his son, and brothers might not recognise each other. They were vulnerable to any disease and many of them soon died.”

[Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, by Ibn Katheer, 13/199-203]

Running Away From The Battlefield, By Sayyid Qutb

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on October 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Disclaimer: This blog is for information purposes only. The views expressed in these articles may not necessarily be those shared by the blog owner.

Sayyid Qutb said:

“To flee from battle deserves such condemnation because of the magnitude of its serious consequences on the one hand, and because it has a bearing on the very question of having faith. A believer should be firm and resolute, able to resist any force on earth, since he believes that Allaah’s power can overcome all powers.

If a believer’s heart experiences a tremor at a moment of danger, such a tremor should not go as far as making him flee from battle. The moment of anyone’s death is determined by Allaah alone.

Hence, no believer may flee from battle fearing for his life. This should not constitute too much of a burden for anyone. A believer is a human being who encounters an enemy, who, in turn, is a human being. hence, they are of the same nature. The believer, however, has the advantage of relying on the overpowering might of Allaah Himself. Moreover, he is under Allaah’s care while he is alive, and he entrusts himself to Allaah’s care if he attains martyrdom.

This means that in all situations he is stronger than his enemy who defies Allaah and His Messenger. Hence this absolute ruling: “And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!

[Fee Zhilaal Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/101]

Expecting The Best of Allaah

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , on October 17, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood said:

“By the One besides Who none has the right to be worshiped, the believer is not given anything good better than his good expectations of Allaah. And by the One besides Who none has the right to be worshiped, no servant of Allaah expects good of Him except that Allaah gives him what he expected, since all good is in His Hand.” [Husn Adh-Dhan Bi Allaah, p.96]

‘Ammaar Ibn Yoosaf said:

“I saw Hasan Ibn Saalih in a dream, and I said, ‘I was hoping to meet you. What can you inform us of?’ He replied, ‘I give you glad tidings that I see nothing better than to have good expectations of Allaah.’ ” [Husn Adh-Dhan Bi Allaah, p.45]

Quotes From ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , on October 17, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

1) Work For Allaah

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam said:

“Work for Allaah and stick together, and the more you work for Allaah, the more your souls will become strong and rise, and you will ascend rapidly upon the path of those who are ascending towards Allaah.”

[At-Tarbiyyah Al-Jihaadiyyah Wal-Bina, 5/36]

2) Who Is Pleased With You?

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam said:

“If you see America or Russia or Britain or the criminals and tyrants in the Islamic world – if you see them pleased with someone, you should doubt this person’s Islam and his faith. Understood? This is because Allaah has set down a rule that does not change, and this rule says, “And the Jews and Christians will never be pleased with you until you follow their way.” [2:120] “

[Fee Dhilaal Soorah At-Tawbah, p.22]

3) The Hidden Punishment

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ‘Azzaam said:

“It is a disaster that your heart dies without you noticing. It is as if you say, “O Lord! How often I rebel against You without You punishing me for it.” And He (swt) replies, “How often I punish you without you even noticing! Haven’t I removed the life from your heart?”

[[Fee Dhilaal Soorah At-Tawbah, p.223]

‘Umar’s Respect To The Wives Of The Prophet (saw)

Posted in Inspirational Stories, Sisters Base with tags , , , , , , , , on October 15, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab was very protective of the Prophet’s wives. They were all very innocent and pious and yet, as ‘Umar certainly remembered, that did not stop the hypocrite ‘Abdullaah Ibn Ubay from slandering ‘Aa’ishah. Thus, ‘Umar would do everything in his power to safeguard the honour of the Prophet’s wives.

So when the Prophet’s wives asked ‘Umar to perform Hajj, he denied their request. Then, when they continued to implore him for permission, he met them halfway, saying to them: “I will grant you permission to go the following year, and yet even that is something I do not truly agree with.

The following year,’Umar sent ‘Uthmaan Ibn ‘Affaan and ‘Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn ‘Awf to accompany the Mothers of the believers during their pilgrimage. And ‘Umar gave both of them strict orders; one of them was to walk ahead of the Prophet’s wives, and the other was to walk behind them. They were not to allow anyone to walk alongside the Prophet’s wives. When they had to stop to set up camp, they were to set up camp in a mountain pass (an enclosed area); as long as the Prophet’s wives rested inside the mountain pass, they were to stand guard at the entrance of the mountain pass; they were to allow no one to enter upon the Prophet’s wives.

And when the Prophet’s wives performed Tawaaf around the Ka’bah, they were to forbid all men from performing Tawaaf at the same time.

[Tabaqaat, by Ibn Sa'd, 8/109]

Accepting Narrations From Truthful Innovators On Conditions

Posted in Biddah / Innovation, Hadith Studies with tags , , , on October 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

The people of the sunnah did not vilify or discredit their opponent unless:

1) His innovation led to disbelief,

2) He attacked one of the Companions,

3) He was inviting others to his innovation, or

4) The hadeeth he was narrating was in harmony with the innovation to which he was inviting others.

The scholars of hadeeth criticism would consider all of these points as evidence showing that the narrator was not truthful or sincere. This is why the books of the Sunnah, and in their forefront Bukhaaree and Muslim, related hadeeths from some innovators whom history has shown to be truthful.

Examples of such narrators are ‘Umraan Ibn Hattaan Al-Khaarijee and Abbaan Ibn Taghlab Ash-Shi’ee. As he was discussing the biography of Abbaan Ibn Taghlab Al-Koofee, Al-Haafidh Adh-Dhahabee said:

“A dyed-in-the-wool Shi’ee, but he is truthful. For us is his honesty and against him is his innovation.”

Imaam Aboo Is-haaq Ibraaheem Ibn Ya’qoob Al-Jawzjaanee said:

“Among them was he who deviated away from the truth, yet still possessed an honest tongue. And his hadeeth would be widespread amongst the people since he was forsaken for his innovation but trusted with is narration.

So concerning these individuals, I see no other alternative but to take from their hadeeth that which is (already) known, so long as his innovation does not become strengthened because of that.”

[Ahwaal Ar-Rijaal, p.538]

Ash-Shaam: Then And Now

Posted in Knowledge, Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , on October 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

In the general masjid of Damascus, Abu Dardaa (ra) conducted a large circle of learning, one that was attended by more than 1600 students. Aboo Dardaa (ra) would teach them in groups, with each group consisting of 10 students. There was a spirit of competition in the air, with each group wanting to spend the most time with, and therefore benefit the most from, Aboo Dardaa (ra).

For his part, Aboo Dardaa (ra) was readily accessible to his students, he would often stand in a designated place in order to answer their questions about how to recite the Quraan.

Of all the Prophet’s Companions, Aboo Dardaa (ra) is deemed to have had the most influence on the inhabitants of Damascus, as he was their faqeeh and their judge.

[Ghaayatun Nihaayah Fee Tabqaat Al-Qurraa, by Ibn Al-Jawzee, p. 1607]