Quotes From ‘Alee (Part 3)

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , on November 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O people, what destroyed those before you was that they committed sins, and the devoted scholars and rabbis did not stop them, thus they were seized by punishment. So enjoin what is good and forbid what is evil before there befalls you the like of what befell them, and remember that enjoining the good and forbidding the evil does not stop provision and does not bring one closer to death.” [Tafseer Ibn Abee Haatim, 3/15]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Consultation (shoorah) is the essence of guidance. The one who bases his actions on his own opinions without consulting others is in grave danger.” [Adab Ad-Dunyaa Wad-Deen, p. 89]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“What a great support when you seek consultation (shoorah), and what a bad preperation when you do not consult.” [Nihaayat Al-Arab, 6/69]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The view of the old man is better than what the young man sees with his own eyes.” [Nihaayat Al-Arab, 6/75]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Do not include among your advisers any miser, because he will advise you not to be generous and will make you fear poverty. Do not include any coward, because he will weaken your resolve. Do not include anyone who is covetous, because he will try to make you accumulate things by unjust means. Miserliness, cowardice and covetousness are different types of inclinations that are based on thinking badly of Allah (swt).” [Al-Idaarah Al-'Askariyyah, 1/279]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Miserliness, cowardice and covetousness are different types of inclinations that are based on thinking badly of Allah (swt).” [Al-Idaarah Al-'Askariyyah, 1/279]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“It is not justice to judge against the man of sound character on the basis of speculation.” [Nidhaam Al-Hukm Fee 'Ahd Al-Khulafaa' Ar-Raashideen, p. 165]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“What a bad provision for the hereafter to transgress against the people.” [Nidhaam Al-Hukm Fee 'Ahd Al-Khulafaa' Ar-Raashideen, p. 165]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“No on should place his hopes in anyone except his Lord.” [Al-Fataawaa, 8/99]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“No one should fear anything except his sin.” [Al-Fataawaa, 8/99]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Fear Allaah, O slaves of Allaah, and strive hard in seeking Him. Hasten to do good deeds before death, the destroyer of pleasures, approaches.” [Al-Hilyah, 1/78]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“If hardship befalls you, remember Allaah and combine that with hope in Him, for Allaah grants to the Muslim a goodly reward,but He gives more to those who give thanks.” [Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, 7/309]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib once looked out over a graveyard and said:

“O people of the graves, tell us your news. As for our news, the women have gotten married, the wealth has been divided, and the houses are inhabited by people other than you.” Then he said: “If they could speak, they would say, ‘We do not think there is anything better than piety.’ ” [Al-Istidhkaar, 1/234]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The most evil of people are those who take graves as places of worship.” [Musannaf Abdur-Razzaaq, 1/405]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Faith begins as a small white spot in the heart, and the more a person increases in faith, the whiter his hear becomes. But the more a person increases in hypocrisy, the blacker his heart becomes until, when the person becomes a complete hypocrite, his heart becomes black. By Allaah, if you were to open the heart of the believer, you would find it to be white, and if you were to open the heart of the hypocrite and the disbeliever, you would find it to be black.” [Al-Fataawaa, 7/191]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The one who resents the evil doer and gets angry for the sake of Allaah, then Allaah will get angry for his sake and will make him content on the Day of Judgement.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 667]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The one who forbids what is evil will annoy the hypocrites.” [Nahj Al-Balaaghah, p. 667]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Piety is fear of The Most Majestic (Allaah), acting in accordance with the revelation, being content with little and preparing for the day of departure (death).” [Faraa'id Al-Kalaam, p. 334]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib defined piety by saying:

“(It is) refraining from persisting in sin and refraining from relying too much on obedience.” [Tafseer Ar-Raazee, 2/21]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“No one knows true faith until he realises that what befalls him could never have missed him, and what misses him could never have befallen him.” [Faraa'id AlKalaam, p. 348]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib was asked: “How will Allaah bring His slaves to account despite their huge numbers?” So he said:

“Just as He provides for them despite their huge numbers.” [Adab Ad-Dunyaa Wad-Deen, p. 25]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“I have never seen anything like paradise whose seekers could sleep. And I have never seen anything like hell, those who fear which can sleep.” [Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, 8/7]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O people, do righteous deeds during your lifetime, and your offspring will be taken care of.” [Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, 8/7]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Prayer a night brings radiance to the face during the day.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 276]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The light of the believer results from the optional prayer during the night.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 276]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The soundness of religious commitment comes from restraint, and corruption thereof results from greed.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 276]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Glad tidings to the one who acts upon what he knows.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 277]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Opportunity passes as quickly as a cloud.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 277]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Hard-heartedness comes from a full stomach.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 278]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Prominence stems from virtue and good manners, not from origin or lineage.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 226]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“A good attitude is more splendid than good looks” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 228]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“A good attitude brings ample provision.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 228]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Kindness is one of the best treasures.” [Taareekh Al-Ya'qoobee, 2/210]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“You should not b discouraged from doing acts of kindness by the ingratitude of those who reject it and deny it.” [Tareekh Al-Ya'qoobi, 2/210]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Kindness cannot be complete except with three things; (a) thinking little of it, (b) concealing it; (c) and hastening it. If you think little of it, you will make it great. If you conceal it, you will perfect it. And if you hasten it, you will give people the chance to enjoy and appreciate it.” [Tareekh Al-Ya'qoobi, 2/210]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“There is no nobility with bad manners.” [Al-I'jaaz Wal-Eejaaz, p. 28]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“There is no rest for the envious.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 234]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The envier is angry with someone who has done nothing wrong.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 235]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Whoever unsheathes the sword of transgression will be killed by it.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib Fi-Da'wah Ila Allaah, p. 235]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The wrongdoer who started the trouble will look at his hand hand tomorrow and learn a lesson from it.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib Fi-Da'wah Ila Allaah, p. 236]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Concealing hardship is a sign of chivalry.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 245]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Be kind to the one who wrongs you and you will be safe from his wrongdoing.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 245]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Kindness puts an end to backbiting.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 246]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Whoever has a sweet tongue will have a lot of friends.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 247]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Whoever is lacking in sincerity will have few friends.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 247]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Your tongue will speak what you accustom it to say.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 248]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Whoever asks about that which does not concern him will miss out on that which does concern him.” [Manhaaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 249]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Keep company with righteous people, and you will be safe from the evildoers.” [Nathr Al-Aali Min Kalaam 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib Wa Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 249]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Having a good companion is a treasure.” [Nathr Al-Aali Min Kalaam 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib Wa Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 249]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Accompanying a foolish man is a loss in this world and a regret in the hereafter.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 249]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Do not examine the one who said it (e.g, advice or other good words); rather think of what he said.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 250]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The best of people is someone who benefits the people.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 251]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The tongue is an indication of either ignorance or wisdom.” [Adab Ad-Dunyaa Wad-Deen, p. 265]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Your brother is the one who supports you in the time of hardship.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib Fid-Da'wah Ila Allaah, p. 253]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The value of every person is connected to what he is good at.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 438]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The ego is inclined to follow whims and desires and to take the easy option. It is inclined to idle pursuits, prone to evil and attracted to immorality. It prefers to avoid challenges and is reluctant to strive hard. If you force it, you will lead it to the right way, but if you neglect it, you will cause its doom.” [Al-Murtada, by An-Nadwi, p. 201]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Do not be a slave to anyone when Allaah has made you free.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 439]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The people are sleeping, and when they die, they will wake up.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 439]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“People are enemies of things they do not know.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 439]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“One word can cause a loss of blessing.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 439]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The one who has little money is a stranger in his own land.” ['Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, His Life And Times, by 'Alee Muhammad As-Sallabi, p. 439]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“When one acquires worldly blessings, people attribute to him qualities that are not his, but when all of that departs from him, then people cannot see his good qualities.” [Al-Murtada, by An-Nadwi, p. 202]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Exhort people, and be wise in doing so, for people’s hearts and mins get tired just as their bodies do. ” [Al-Murtada, by An-Nadwi, p. 201]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“A cheerful face is another gift.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abe Taalib, p. 238]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Repeating the apology is a reminder of the mistake.” [Al-I'jaz Wal-Eejaaz, p. 29]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The best exhortation is to look at the dead.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 148]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Remembering death gives clarity to the mind.” [Manhaj 'Alee Ibn Abee Taalib, p. 149]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib was asked about the best of all people so he said:

“Those who, if they do righteous deeds, they become cheerful and hopeful, and if they do wrong deeds, they ask for forgiveness. If they are faced with trials, they are patient; and if they get angry, they forgive.” [Murooj Adh-Dhahab, 2/431]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Allaah (swt) has slaves, and it is as if they already saw the people of paradise who will be in paradise forever and the people of hell who are being punished there. People are safe from their evil, their hearts are filled with sorrow, their souls are pure and their wants are few. They are patient for a few days for the sake of a long rest.

When you see them at night, you see them standing on their feet (in prayer) with tears flowing down their cheeks, praying to Allaah (swt) to ransom their necks. As for their days, they are virtuous, forbearing, righteous and pious.

One might look at them and think they are sick, but there is nothing wrong with them. They mix with people, but they are preoccupied with a very serious matter.” [Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, 8/6]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“When the believer looks at something, it should be to learn a lesson. When he is silent, it should be because he is thinking about something. And when he speaks, he should speak words of wisdom.” [Murooj Adh-Dhahab, 2/434]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Glad tidings to every person who is not known or prominent; he knows people, but people do not now him; he knows Allaah (swt) and strives to please Him. Such people are beacons of guidance, and Allaah (swt) will save them from every dark trial and will admit them into mercy and grace from Himself. They do not disclose secrets or broadcast gossip, and they are not harsh natured or show-offs ” [Sifat As-Safwah, 1/325]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“By Allaah, I have seen the companions of Muhammad (saw), and I did not see anything like them today. In the morning, they would look yellow, unkempt and dusty, with a mark between their eyes that looked like a goat’s knee. They spent the night prostrating to Allaah (swt), standing and reciting the Book of Allaah, alternating between prostration and standing. Then in the morning when they mentioned the name of Allaah (swt), they would sway like trees on a windy day, and their eyes shed tears until their clothing got wet. By Allah, it is as if the people now are becoming negligent.”

The narrator (Aboo Araakah) said that ‘Alee was never seen smiling after that day until he was killed by Ibn Maljam. [Hilyat Al-Awliyaa' 1/76]

A man came to ‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib and praised him but ‘Alee had heard that the man had said something bad about him, so he said:

“I am not as you think, and I am better than you think.” [Taareekh Adh-Dhahabee, 'Ahd Al-Khulafaa Ar-Raashideen, p. 646]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Beware of giving in to whims and desires because the immediate consequences are bad, and the long-term consequences are worse. If you cannot get control of your whims and desires by means of warning and punishment, then try to use the method of encouragement and thinking of reward, because if the deterrent and incentive come together, you will subject yourself to both, and you will be able to control your desires.” [Adab Ad-Dunyaa Wad-Deen, p. 26]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“One of the means of attaining forgiveness from Allaah is making your Muslim brother happy.” [Tanbeeh Al-Ghaafileen, p. 245]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Among the most difficult of actions are three: (a) allowing others to settle scores with you, (b) remembering Allaah (swt) in all situations, (c) and helping your brothers financially.” [Hilyat Al-Awliyaa', 1/85]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“The consequence of sin are having no energy for worship, a reduced livelihood and reduced physical pleasure.” He was asked: “What is reduced physical pleasure?” He said: “He will not indulge in any permissible pleasure but something will come to spoil it.” [Taareekh Al-Khulafaa', by As-Suyootee, p. 402]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Whoever wants glory without the support of a large family, offspring without having a lot of children, and independent means without wealth, then let him move from the humiliation of sin to the glory of obedience.” [Taareekh Al-Ya'qoobee, 2/602]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“If you want to attain a position of prominence, avoid what is haraam” [Saja Al-Hamaam Fee Hukm Al-Imaam, p. 57]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Do not do any good deed to show off, and do not refrain from doing it out of shyness.” [Adab Ad-Dunyaa Wad-Deen, p. 110]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“There are three signs of showing off; (a) he is lazy when he is alone and active when he is with other people, (b) he does more if he is praised because of it, (c) and he does less if he is criticised because of it.” [Al-Kabaa'ir of Adh-Dhahabee, p. 145]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“No words are good unless it be accompanied by action. And no action is good unless accompanied by intention. And no intention is good unless it is in accordance with the Sunnah.” [Ash-Sharee'ah, by Al-Aajurree, 2/638, and there is some weakness in its chain of narration]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“Self admiration is the most serious of problems.” [Jaami Bayaan Al-'Ilm Wa Fadhlih, 1/571]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O people of the market, fear Allaah (swt) and beware of swearing an oath, for an oath may cause an item to be sold, but it erases the blessing.” [As-Sunnah, p. 352]

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib said:

“O date sellers, feed the poor, and your earnings will increase.” [Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, 8/4]

No Praying out of Laziness

Posted in Ibaadah - Salaah with tags , , , , , , , , on November 15, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

The scholars have differed concerning the one who misses salaah because he is lazy, although still believes that salaah is obligatory.

Imaam Maalik and Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee (and the majority of earlier and later scholars) were of the opinion that he is not a disbeliever, rather he an evil doer who should repent. If he does not repent then the hadd punishment should be carried out on him with the sword.

‘Abdullaah Ibn Al-Mubaarak, Ishaaq Ibn Raahawayh, some of the followers of Ash-Shaafi’ee,  as well as what has been reported from ‘Alee Ibn Abe taalib and one of the two reports from Imaam Ahmad, and likewise a number of earlier generations were of the view that such a person is a disbeliever.

Imaam Aboo Haneefah and a number of the people of Koofah as well as Al-Muzani (the companion of Ash-Shaafi’ee) were of the view that he was not a disbeliever and is not to be executed, rather he should be given a disciplinary punishment and imprisoned until he does pray.

[Refer to Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 2/70 and Al-Mughnee, 2/442-447 for more info]

Admiring One’s Knowledge, By An-Nawawi

Posted in Knowledge with tags , , , , , , on November 10, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

An-Nawawee said:

“The way to rid oneself of self-admiration is to know that knowledge is a blessing from Allaah (swt) and a complete favour. That belongs to Allaah (swt) which He takes away, and that belongs to Him which He gives, and everything has an appointed time with Him, so a person should not develop self-admiration for something that he had nothing to do with and has no control over, and it is not certain that it will last.”

[Al-Majmoo' 1/55]

The Bravery Of ‘Ali Ibn Abee Taalib

Posted in Inspirational Stories with tags , , , , , , , , , on November 5, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

‘Amr Ibn ‘Abd Wudd had fought on the day of the battle of Badr until he was badly wounded, so he was not present on the day of Uhud but when the day of the battle of the trench came, he marked himself to show his position.

Then he and the other horsemen took up their positions and said, “Who will come out to duel?”

‘Alee Ibn Abee Taalib came out to him and said to him, “O ‘Amr, you have promised Allaah that if any man of Quraysh gives you one of two options, you will accept one of them.”

He said, “Yes.”

‘Alee said to him, “I call you to Allaah and His Messenger and to Islaam.”

He said, “I have no need of that.”

‘Alee said, “Then I call you to a duel with me.”

He said to him, “Why, O son of my brother? I do not want to kill you.”

‘Alee said, “But by Allaah, I want to kill you.”

‘Amr got angry at that, so he dismounted from his horse, hamstrung it and beat its face, then he turned to ‘Alee, and they fought, circling around one another, until ‘Alee killed him  and their cavalry fled, bursting headlong in flight across the trench.

[As-seerah An-Nabawiyyah, 3/348, of Ibn Hishaam]

How Az-Zubayr Used To Name His Children

Posted in Brothers Base, Methodology Of The Salaf, Miscellaneous, Parenting with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 1, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Due to Az-Zubayr’s deep love of martyrdom, he named his sons after martyred Companions.

Hishaam Ibn ‘Urwah narrated that his father said that Az-Zubayr said:

Talhah named his sons after Prophets when he learned that there would be no Prophet after Muhammad (saw). But I named my children after martyrs, in the hope that they will attain martyrdom:

Abdullah after Abdullah Ibn Jahsh, Al-Mundhir after Al-Mundhir Ibn ‘Amr, ‘Urwah after ‘Urwah Ibn Mas’ood, Hamzah after Hamzah, Ja’far after Ja’far Ibn Abee Taalib, Mus’ab after Mus’ab Ibn ‘Umayr, ‘Ubaydah after ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Haarith, Khaalid after Khaalid Ibn Sa’eed and ‘Amr after ‘Amr Ibn Sa’eed Ibn Al-’Aas, who was killed at Yarmook.

[At-Tabaqaat, 3/101]

The Baghdad Massacre Of 656H

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , on October 25, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

Regarding massacre that occurred in Baghdad in 656H, Ibn Katheer states:

“When the Tartars descended on the city of Baghdad, they killed whomever they met of men, women and children, young and old. Many people tried to hide in wells, rubbish dumps and sewers, where they stayed for several days. Some people locked themselves in inns and guesthouses, but the Tartars broke into every such house, and chased the people they found there to the roofs where they killed them.

Gutters and alleys were overflowing with blood, and so were mosques and other places of worship. The only survivors were the Jews an the Christians in the city and those who sought refuge with them, and those who were given shelter in the house of Ibn Al-’Alqamee, the Shee’ah minister. A group of businessmen were also spared and given safety after they had paid large sums of money for the purpose. Baghdad, which used to be the most friendly and peaceful of cities, was totally in ruin, inhabited only by a small portion of its original population, and even these were living in fear, hunger and humiliation.

Reports on the number of Muslims killed in Baghdad in this battle vary, with some estimating the dead to be 800,000, while other reports suggest the dead numbered 1,000,000, and still others putting the estimate at 2,000,000 people. We can only sy what Muslims are recommended to say at the time of a calamity, “To God we belong and to Him do we return… All power belongs to God, the Most High, the Almighty.”

The Tartars entered Baghdad towards the end of the month of Muharram, and continued the killing of its population for 40 days. The Caliph, Al-Mu’tasim Billaah was killed on Wednesday 14 Safar and his grave was erased. On the day of his death he was 46 years of age and 4 months. His reign lasted for 15 years, 8 months and a few days. His eldest son, Ahmad Aboo Al-’Abbaas, was killed at the same time at the age of 25, while his middle son, ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan, who was 23, was killed a short while later. His youngest son, Mubaarak, and his 3 sisters, Faatimah, Khadeejah and Maryam, were taken prisoner.

The most prominent scholar in Baghdad, Shaykh Yoosuf Ibn Shaykh Aboo Al-Faraj Ibn Al-Jawzee, who was hostile to the Minister was killed together with his 3 sons, ‘Abdullaah, ‘Abd Al-Rahmaan and Abd Al-Kareem. All the nobility in the city were killed one by one. Prominent among these were Mujahid Al-Deen Aybak, and Shihaab Al-Deen Sulaymaan Shaah and many others. Anyone who belonged to the ‘Abbaas ruling family might be called out, and he would have to go with his women and children to the Al-Khallaal graveyard, where he would be slaughtered like a sheep. The Tartars might choose some of his daughters or other women in his household to keep as prisoners. The most prominent and eldest scholar in Baghdad, ‘Alee Ibn Al-Nayyaar, who had educated the Caliph when he was young, was also killed as well as most Imaams and scholars in the city. Mosques were abandoned and no congregational or Friday prayer was held in and mosque for several months in Baghdad.

After 40 days, when the massacre was over, Baghdad was in total ruin, with only the odd person walking about. Dead bodies were placed in heaps in the streets. Rain had changed their colour and their bodies had begun to rot. The smell in the city was most awful and there were outbreaks of several diseases which moved far and wide, reaching as far as Syria. People were then facing scarcity of necessary commodities, an unabating massacre, as well as epidemics. Those were indeed hard times.

When safety was announced for the survivors, those who were hiding in holes and graveyards came out. Thy looked so pale as though they were brought back from the dead. They were practically unrecognisable, to the extent that a father might not recognise his son, and brothers might not recognise each other. They were vulnerable to any disease and many of them soon died.”

[Al-Bidaayah Wan-Nihaayah, by Ibn Katheer, 13/199-203]

Running Away From The Battlefield, By Sayyid Qutb

Posted in Miscellaneous with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on October 20, 2014 by TheAuthenticBase

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Sayyid Qutb said:

“To flee from battle deserves such condemnation because of the magnitude of its serious consequences on the one hand, and because it has a bearing on the very question of having faith. A believer should be firm and resolute, able to resist any force on earth, since he believes that Allaah’s power can overcome all powers.

If a believer’s heart experiences a tremor at a moment of danger, such a tremor should not go as far as making him flee from battle. The moment of anyone’s death is determined by Allaah alone.

Hence, no believer may flee from battle fearing for his life. This should not constitute too much of a burden for anyone. A believer is a human being who encounters an enemy, who, in turn, is a human being. hence, they are of the same nature. The believer, however, has the advantage of relying on the overpowering might of Allaah Himself. Moreover, he is under Allaah’s care while he is alive, and he entrusts himself to Allaah’s care if he attains martyrdom.

This means that in all situations he is stronger than his enemy who defies Allaah and His Messenger. Hence this absolute ruling: “And whoever turns his back to them on such a day – unless it be a stratagem of war, or to retreat to a troop (of his own), – he indeed has drawn upon himself wrath from Allah. And his abode is Hell, and worst indeed is that destination!

[Fee Zhilaal Al-Quraan [English trans.], 7/101]